Pharmacology

2017-07-27T20:24:55+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Berberine, Drug overdose, Drug allergy, Placebo, Bioassay, Antimicrobial resistance, Lycorine, Excretion, Nocodazole, Toxicity, Cholinesterase, Hepatotoxicity, General anaesthesia, Pinacidil, Pharmacogenetics, Safinamide, Chirality flashcards Pharmacology
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  • Berberine
    Berberine is a quaternary ammonium salt from the protoberberine group of benzylisoquinoline alkaloids.
  • Drug overdose
    The term drug overdose (or simply overdose or OD) describes the ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced.
  • Drug allergy
    A drug allergy is an allergy to a drug, most commonly a medication.
  • Placebo
    A placebo (/pləˈsiːboʊ/ plə-SEE-boh; Latin placēbō, "I shall please" from placeō, "I please") is a simulated or otherwise medically ineffectual treatment for a disease or other medical condition intended to deceive the recipient.
  • Bioassay
    Bioassay (commonly used shorthand for biological assay or assessment), or biological standardization is a type of scientific experiment.
  • Antimicrobial resistance
    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication previously used to treat them.
  • Lycorine
    Lycorine is a toxic crystalline alkaloid found in various Amaryllidaceae species, such as the cultivated bush lily (Clivia miniata), surprise lilies (Lycoris), and daffodils (Narcissus).
  • Excretion
    Excretion is the process by which metabolic wastes and other non-useful materials are eliminated from an organism.
  • Nocodazole
    Nocodazole is an antineoplastic agent which exerts its effect in cells by interfering with the polymerization of microtubules.
  • Toxicity
    Toxicity is the degree to which a substance can damage an organism.
  • Cholinesterase
    In biochemistry, a cholinesterase or choline esterase is an esterase that lyses choline-based esters, several of which serve as neurotransmitters.
  • Hepatotoxicity
    Hepatotoxicity (from hepatic toxicity) implies chemical-driven liver damage.
  • General anaesthesia
    General anaesthesia or general anesthesia (see spelling differences) is a medically induced state of unconsciousness with loss of protective reflexes, resulting from the administration of one or more general anaesthetic agents.
  • Pinacidil
    Pinacidil is a cyanoguanidine drug that opens ATP-sensitive potassium channels producing peripheral vasodilatation of arterioles.
  • Pharmacogenetics
    Pharmacogenetics is the study of inherited genetic differences in drug metabolic pathways which can affect individual responses to drugs, both in terms of therapeutic effect as well as adverse effects.
  • Safinamide
    Safinamide (INN; brand name Xadago) is a drug indicated for the treatment of Parkinson's disease with monoamine oxidase B inhibiting and other methods of action.
  • Chirality
    Chirality /kaɪˈrælɪtiː/ is a property of asymmetry important in several branches of science.