Orbits

2017-07-27T22:46:09+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Irregular moon, Lunar node, Orbital speed, Tidal locking, Inertial frame of reference, Kepler's laws of planetary motion, Geostationary orbit, Orbit of the Moon, Apsis, N-body problem, Lunar orbit, Interplanetary Transport Network, Mean motion, Hyperbolic trajectory flashcards Orbits
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  • Irregular moon
    In astronomy, an irregular moon, irregular satellite or irregular natural satellite is a natural satellite following a distant, inclined, and often eccentric and retrograde orbit.
  • Lunar node
    The lunar nodes are the orbital nodes of the Moon, that is, the points where the orbit of the Moon crosses the ecliptic.
  • Orbital speed
    The orbital speed of a body, generally a planet, a natural satellite, an artificial satellite, or a multiple star, is the speed at which it orbits around the barycenter of a system, usually around a more massive body.
  • Tidal locking
    Tidal locking (also called gravitational locking or captured rotation) occurs when, over the course of an orbit, there is no net transfer of angular momentum between an astronomical body and its gravitational partner.
  • Inertial frame of reference
    In classical physics and special relativity, an inertial frame of reference (also inertial reference frame or inertial frame, Galilean reference frame or inertial space) is a frame of reference that describes time and space homogeneously, isotropically, and in a time-independent manner.
  • Kepler's laws of planetary motion
    In astronomy, Kepler's laws of planetary motion are three scientific laws describing the motion of planets around the Sun.
  • Geostationary orbit
    A geostationary orbit, geostationary Earth orbit or geosynchronous equatorial orbit (GEO) is a circular orbit 35,786 kilometres (22,236 mi) above the Earth's equator and following the direction of the Earth's rotation.
  • Orbit of the Moon
    The Moon orbits Earth in the prograde direction and completes one revolution relative to the stars in approximately 27.
  • Apsis
    An apsis (Greek: ἁψίς; plural apsides /ˈæpsᵻdiːz/, Greek: ἁψίδες) is an extreme point in an object's orbit.
  • N-body problem
    In physics, the n-body problem is the problem of predicting the individual motions of a group of celestial objects interacting with each other gravitationally.
  • Lunar orbit
    In astronomy, lunar orbit (also known as a Selenocentric orbit) refers to the orbit of an object around the Moon.
  • Interplanetary Transport Network
    The Interplanetary Transport Network (ITN) is a collection of gravitationally determined pathways through the Solar System that require very little energy for an object to follow.
  • Mean motion
    In orbital mechanics, mean motion (represented by n) is the angular speed required for a body to complete one orbit, assuming constant speed in a circular orbit which completes in the same time as the variable speed, elliptical orbit of the actual body.
  • Hyperbolic trajectory
    In astrodynamics or celestial mechanics, a hyperbolic trajectory is the trajectory of any object around a central body with more than enough speed to escape the central object's gravitational pull.