Occupational diseases

2017-07-27T23:24:37+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Berylliosis, Lead poisoning, Paronychia, Whitlow, Altitude sickness, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Decompression sickness, Hospital-acquired infection, Pneumoconiosis, Brucellosis, Bronchiolitis obliterans, Silicosis, Writer's cramp, Acrodynia, Baritosis, Chalicosis, Metal fume fever, Stannosis, Occupational disease, Coalworker's pneumoconiosis, Asbestosis, Mad hatter disease, Repetitive strain injury, Occupational medicine, Platinosis, Prosector's wart, Chemical burn, Radial tunnel syndrome, Occupational asthma, Pulmonary talcosis, Prepatellar bursitis, Peritoneal mesothelioma, Byssinosis, Golfer's elbow, Fiddler's neck, Flock worker's lung flashcards Occupational diseases
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  • Berylliosis
    Berylliosis, or chronic beryllium disease (CBD), is a chronic allergic-type lung response and chronic lung disease caused by exposure to beryllium and its compounds, a form of beryllium poisoning.
  • Lead poisoning
    Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body.
  • Paronychia
    A paronychia (/ˌpærəˈnɪkiə/; Greek: παρωνυχία from para, "around" and onukh-, "nail") is a nail disease that is an often-tender bacterial or fungal infection of the hand or foot where the nail and skin meet at the side or the base of a finger or toenail.
  • Whitlow
    A whitlow or felon is an infection of the tip of the finger.
  • Altitude sickness
    Altitude sickness—also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a pathological effect of high altitude on humans, caused by acute exposure to low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitude.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term poor airflow.
  • Decompression sickness
    Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurisation.
  • Hospital-acquired infection
    Hospital-acquired infection (HAI) — also known as nosocomial infection — is an infection that is contracted from the environment or staff of a healthcare facility.
  • Pneumoconiosis
    Pneumoconiosis is an occupational lung disease and a restrictive lung disease caused by the inhalation of dust, often in mines and from agriculture.
  • Brucellosis
    Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions.
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans
    Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a disease that results in obstruction of the smallest airways of the lungs (bronchioles) due to inflammation.
  • Silicosis
    Silicosis (previously miner's phthisis, grinder's asthma, potter's rot and other occupation-related names) is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust, and is marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs.
  • Writer's cramp
    Writer's cramp, also called mogigraphia and scrivener's palsy, is a disorder caused by cramps or spasms of certain muscles of the hand and/or forearm, and presents itself while performing fine motor tasks, such as writing or playing an instrument.
  • Acrodynia
    Acrodynia is a condition of pain and dusky pink discoloration in the hands and feet most often seen in children chronically exposed to heavy metals, especially mercury.
  • Baritosis
    Baritosis is a benign type of pneumoconiosis, which is caused by long-term exposure to barium dust.
  • Chalicosis
    Chalicosis (Greek, χάλιξ, gravel), sometimes called flint disease, is a form of pneumoconiosis affecting the lungs or bronchioles, found chiefly among stonecutters.
  • Metal fume fever
    Metal fume fever, also known as brass founders' ague, brass shakes, zinc shakes, galvie flu, metal dust fever, or Monday morning fever, is an illness primarily caused by exposure to certain fumes.
  • Stannosis
    Stannosis is a benign non-fibrotic pneumoconiosis caused by exposure to tin oxides including stannous oxide (SnO) and stannic oxide (SnO2)
  • Occupational disease
    An occupational disease is any chronic ailment that occurs as a result of work or occupational activity.
  • Coalworker's pneumoconiosis
    Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), also known as black lung disease or black lung, is caused by long exposure to coal dust.
  • Asbestosis
    Asbestosis is a chronic inflammatory and scarring disease affecting the tissue of the lungs.
  • Mad hatter disease
    Mad hatter disease, or mad hatter syndrome, was an occupational disease among hatmakers, caused by chronic mercury poisoning.
  • Repetitive strain injury
    Repetitive strain injury (RSI) and associative trauma orders are umbrella terms used to refer to several discrete conditions that can be associated with repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained/awkward positions.
  • Occupational medicine
    Occupational medicine, especially until 1960 called industrial medicine, is the branch of medicine which deals with the maintenance of health in the workplace, including the prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries, and also promotes productivity and social adjustment.
  • Platinosis
    Platinosis is an allergy-like reaction to exposure to soluble salts of platinum.
  • Prosector's wart
    Tuberculosis verrucosa cutis (also known as "lupus verrucosus", "prosector's wart", and "warty tuberculosis") is a rash of small, red papular nodules in the skin that may appear 2–4 weeks after inoculation by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a previously infected and immunocompetent individual.
  • Chemical burn
    A chemical burn occurs when living tissue is exposed to a corrosive substance such as a strong acid or base.
  • Radial tunnel syndrome
    Radial Tunnel Syndrome is caused by increased pressure on the radial nerve as it travels from the upper arm (the brachial plexus) to the hand and wrist.
  • Occupational asthma
    Occupational asthma is an occupational lung disease and a type of asthma.
  • Pulmonary talcosis
    Pulmonary talcosis, less specifically referred to as talcosis, is a pulmonary disorder caused by talc.
  • Prepatellar bursitis
    Prepatellar bursitis is an inflammation of the prepatellar bursa at the front of the knee.
  • Peritoneal mesothelioma
    Peritoneal mesothelioma is the name given to the cancer that attacks the lining of the abdomen.
  • Byssinosis
    Byssinosis, also called "brown lung disease" or "Monday fever", is an occupational lung disease caused by exposure to cotton dust in inadequately ventilated working environments.
  • Golfer's elbow
    Golfer's elbow, or medial epicondylitis, is tendinosis of the medial epicondyle of the elbow.
  • Fiddler's neck
    Fiddler's neck, sometimes referred to as a "violin hickey," is an occupational disease that affects violin and viola players.
  • Flock worker's lung
    Flock worker's lung is an occupational lung disease caused by exposure to flock, small fibers that are glued to a backing in order to create a specific texture.