Obstetrics

2017-07-27T19:08:27+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Multiple birth, Antiphospholipid syndrome, Eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, Surrogacy, Polyhydramnios, Sheehan's syndrome, Couvelaire uterus, Lactation failure, Uterine rupture, Postpartum psychosis, Amniotic fluid, Placenta, Umbilical cord, Midwife, Stretch marks, Neonatal jaundice, Maternal death, Rh disease, In vitro fertilisation, Perinatal mortality, Teratoma, Lamaze technique, Prenatal development, Braxton Hicks contractions, Vertically transmitted infection, Postterm pregnancy, Congenital pulmonary airway malformation, Morning sickness, Doppler fetal monitor, Decidua, Nitrazine, Amniotic sac, Obstetrics, Ferguson reflex, Cannabis in pregnancy, Ropivacaine, Perineal tear, Cephalic presentation, Rho(D) immune globulin, Meconium peritonitis, Sacrococcygeal teratoma, Foetal cerebral redistribution flashcards Obstetrics
Click to flip
  • Multiple birth
    A multiple birth is the culmination of one multiple pregnancy, wherein the mother delivers two or more offspring.
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome
    Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), or often also Hughes syndrome, is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by antiphospholipid antibodies.
  • Eclampsia
    Eclampsia is the onset of seizures (convulsions) in a woman with pre-eclampsia.
  • HELLP syndrome
    HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening obstetric complication usually considered to be a variant or complication of pre-eclampsia.
  • Surrogacy
    A surrogacy arrangement or surrogacy agreement is the carrying of a pregnancy for intended parents.
  • Polyhydramnios
    Polyhydramnios (polyhydramnion, hydramnios, polyhydramnios) is a medical condition describing an excess of amniotic fluid in the amniotic sac.
  • Sheehan's syndrome
    Sheehan's syndrome, also known as Simmond's syndrome, postpartum hypopituitarism or postpartum pituitary gland necrosis, is hypopituitarism (decreased functioning of the pituitary gland), caused by ischemic necrosis due to blood loss and hypovolemic shock during and after childbirth.
  • Couvelaire uterus
    Couvelaire uterus (also known as uteroplacental apoplexy) is a life-threatening condition in which loosening of the placenta (abruptio placentae) causes bleeding that penetrates into the uterine myometrium forcing its way into the peritoneal cavity.
  • Lactation failure
    Lactation failure or deficiency, also known as agalactia or agalactorrhea, as well as hypogalactia or hypogalactorrhea, is a medical condition in which lactation is insufficient or fails completely due to an inadequacy of breast milk production and/or a failure of the milk let-down reflex in response to suckling following childbirth, resulting in an inability to properly breastfeed.
  • Uterine rupture
    Uterine rupture is a potentially catastrophic event during childbirth by which the integrity of the myometrial wall is breached.
  • Postpartum psychosis
    Postpartum psychosis (or puerperal psychosis) is a term that covers a group of mental illnesses with the sudden onset of psychotic symptoms following childbirth.
  • Amniotic fluid
    The amniotic fluid, commonly called a pregnant woman's water or waters (Latin liquor amnii), is the protective liquid contained by the amniotic sac of a pregnant female.
  • Placenta
    The placenta (also known as afterbirth) is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, provide thermo-regulation to the fetus, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply, fight against internal infection and produce hormones to support pregnancy.
  • Umbilical cord
    In placental mammals, the umbilical cord (also called the navel string, birth cord or funiculus umbilicalis) is a conduit between the developing embryo or fetus and the placenta.
  • Midwife
    A midwife is a professional in midwifery.
  • Stretch marks
    "Striae" is also a general term referring to thin, narrow grooves or channels, or a thin line or band especially if several of them are parallel or close together.
  • Neonatal jaundice
    Neonatal jaundice or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, or neonatal icterus (from the Greek word ἴκτερος), attributive adjective: icteric, is a yellowing of the skin and other tissues of a newborn infant.
  • Maternal death
    Maternal death is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes.
  • Rh disease
    Rh disease (also known as rhesus isoimmunisation, Rh (D) disease, rhesus incompatibility, rhesus disease, RhD hemolytic disease of the newborn, rhesus D hemolytic disease of the newborn or RhD HDN) is a type of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN).
  • In vitro fertilisation
    In vitro fertilisation (or fertilization; IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body: in vitro ("in glass").
  • Perinatal mortality
    Perinatal mortality (PNM), also perinatal death, refers to the death of a fetus or neonate and is the basis to calculate the perinatal mortality rate.
  • Teratoma
    A teratoma is a tumor with tissue or organ components resembling normal derivatives of more than one germ layer.
  • Lamaze technique
    The Lamaze technique, also known as the psychoprophylactic method or simply Lamaze, started as a prepared childbirth technique popularized in the 1940s by French obstetrician Dr.
  • Prenatal development
    Prenatal or antenatal development is the process in which a human embryo and later fetus (or foetus) develops during pregnancy, from fertilization until birth.
  • Braxton Hicks contractions
    Braxton Hicks contractions, also known as prodromal labor or practice contractions, or false labor, are sporadic uterine contractions that sometimes start around six weeks into a pregnancy.
  • Vertically transmitted infection
    A vertically transmitted infection (or mother-to-child transmission) is an infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or in rare cases, parasites transmitted directly from the mother to an embryo, fetus, or baby during pregnancy or childbirth.
  • Postterm pregnancy
    Postterm pregnancy is the condition of a baby that has not yet been born after 42 weeks of gestation, two weeks beyond the normal 40.
  • Congenital pulmonary airway malformation
    Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), formerly known as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), is a congenital disorder of the lung similar to bronchopulmonary sequestration.
  • Morning sickness
    Morning sickness, also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a symptom of pregnancy that involves nausea or vomiting.
  • Doppler fetal monitor
    Doppler fetal monitor or Baby Heartbeat Monitors is a handheld ultrasound baby heartbeat monitor used to hear an embroy or fetus' heartbeat.
  • Decidua
    Decidua is the term for the uterine lining (endometrium) during a pregnancy, which forms the maternal part of the placenta.
  • Nitrazine
    Nitrazine or phenaphthazine is a pH indicator dye often used in medicine.
  • Amniotic sac
    The amniotic sac, commonly called the bag of waters, sometimes the membranes, is the sac in which the fetus develops in amniotes.
  • Obstetrics
    Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
  • Ferguson reflex
    The Ferguson reflex is the name given to the neuroendocrine reflex comprising the self-sustaining cycle of uterine contractions initiated by pressure at the cervix or vaginal walls.
  • Cannabis in pregnancy
    Cannabis consumption in pregnancy might be associated with restrictions in growth of the fetus, miscarriage, and cognitive deficits in offspring based on animal studies, however there is limited evidence for this in humans at this time.
  • Ropivacaine
    Ropivacaine (rINN) /roʊˈpɪvəkeɪn/ is a local anaesthetic drug belonging to the amino amide group.
  • Perineal tear
    In obstetrics, a perineal tear is a spontaneous (unintended) laceration of the skin and other soft tissue structures which, in women, separate the vagina from the anus.
  • Cephalic presentation
    A cephalic presentation or head presentation or head-first presentation is a situation at childbirth where the fetus is in a longitudinal lie and the head enters the pelvis first; the most common form of cephalic presentation is the vertex presentation where the occiput is the leading part (the part that first enters the birth canal).
  • Rho(D) immune globulin
    Rho(D) immune globulin or Rh0(D) immune globulin (letter o and digit zero are both widely attested; more at Rh blood group system - Rh nomenclature) is a medicine given by intramuscular injection that is used to prevent the immunological condition known as Rh disease (or hemolytic disease of newborn).
  • Meconium peritonitis
    Meconium peritonitis refers to rupture of the bowel prior to birth, resulting in fetal stool (meconium) escaping into the surrounding space (peritoneum) leading to inflammation (peritonitis).
  • Sacrococcygeal teratoma
    Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is a type of tumor known as a teratoma that develops at the base of the coccyx (tailbone) and is thought to be derived from the primitive streak.
  • Foetal cerebral redistribution
    Foetal cerebral redistribution or 'brain-sparing' is a diagnosis in foetal medicine.