Obsolete occupations

2017-07-27T19:28:09+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Chamberlain (office), Peddler, Scribe, Money changer, Executioner, Jester, Blacksmith, Centurion, Merchant, Jitō, Valet, Burlak, Sōhei, Barber surgeon, Chimney sweep, Rhapsode, Miller, Lackey (manservant), Coppersmith, Scrivener, Heavy infantry, Almoner, Man-at-arms, Footman, Swabian children flashcards Obsolete occupations
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  • Chamberlain (office)
    A chamberlain (Latin: camerarius) is an officer in charge of managing a household.
  • Peddler
    A peddler, in British English pedlar, also known as a canvasser, cheapjack, monger, higler or solicitor (with negative connotations since the 16th century), is a traveling vendor of goods.
  • Scribe
    A scribe is a person who writes books or documents by hand in hieratics, cuneiform or other scripts and may help keep track of records for priests and government.
  • Money changer
    A money changer is a person or organisation whose business is the exchange of coins or currency of one country, for that of another.
  • Executioner
    A judicial executioner is a person who carries out a death sentence ordered by the state or other legal authority, which was known in feudal terminology as high justice.
  • Jester
    A jester, court jester, or fool was historically an entertainer during the medieval and Renaissance eras who was a member of the household of a nobleman or a monarch employed to entertain him and his guests.
  • Blacksmith
    A blacksmith is a metalsmith who creates objects from wrought iron or steel by forging the metal, using tools to hammer, bend, and cut (cf. whitesmith).
  • Centurion
    A centurion (Latin: centurio; Greek: κεντυρίων, kentyríōn, or ἑκατόνταρχος, hekatóntarkhos) was a professional officer of the Roman army after the Marian reforms of 107 BC.
  • Merchant
    A merchant is a business person who trades in commodities produced by other people in order to earn a profit.
  • Jitō
    Jitō (地頭) were medieval land stewards in Japan, especially in the Kamakura and Muromachi Shogunates.
  • Valet
    Valet and varlet are terms for male servants who serve as personal attendants to their employer.
  • Burlak
    A burlak (Russian: бурла́к; IPA: [bʊrˈlak]) was a person who hauled barges and other vessels upstream from the 17th to 20th centuries in the Russian Empire.
  • Sōhei
    Sōhei (僧兵 literally "monk warriors";, fighting monks) were Buddhist warrior monks of both medieval and feudal Japan.
  • Barber surgeon
    The barber surgeon is one of the most common medical practitioners of medieval Europe – generally charged with looking after soldiers during or after a battle.
  • Chimney sweep
    A chimney sweep is a worker who clears ash and soot from chimneys.
  • Rhapsode
    A rhapsode (Greek: ῥαψῳδός, rhapsōidos) or, in modern usage, rhapsodist, refers to a classical Greek professional performer of epic poetry in the fifth and fourth centuries BC (and perhaps earlier).
  • Miller
    A miller usually refers to a person who operates a mill, a machine to grind a cereal crop to make flour.
  • Lackey (manservant)
    A lackey or lacquey, in its original definition (attested 1529, according to the Oxford English Dictionary), is a uniformed manservant.
  • Coppersmith
    A coppersmith, also known as a redsmith, is a person who makes artifacts from copper.
  • Scrivener
    A scrivener (or scribe) was a person who could read and write or wrote letters to court and legal documents.
  • Heavy infantry
    Heavy infantry refers to heavily armed and armoured infantrymen trained to mount frontal assaults and/or anchor the defensive center of a battle line.
  • Almoner
    An almoner is a chaplain or church officer who originally was in charge of distributing money to the deserving poor.
  • Man-at-arms
    A man-at-arms was a soldier from the High Medieval to Renaissance periods who was typically well-versed in the use of arms and served as a fully armoured heavy cavalryman.
  • Footman
    A footman (plural -men) is a male domestic worker.
  • Swabian children
    The Swabian children (German: Schwabenkinder) were peasant children from poor families in the Alps of Austria and Switzerland who went to find work on farms in Upper Swabia and the Swabian Jura.