Nucleobases

2017-07-30T04:31:54+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Fluorouracil, Cytosine, Uracil, 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine, Flucytosine, Base J, 5-Methylcytosine, 2,6-Diaminopurine, 6-O-Methylguanine, Isoguanine, Isocytosine, 2,4-Diaminopyrimidine, Dihydrouracil, 2-Aminopurine, 5-Bromouracil, Queuine, 5-Hydroxyuracil, 5-Hydroxycytosine flashcards Nucleobases
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  • Adenine
    Adenine /ˈædᵻnᵻn/ (A, Ade) is a nucleobase (a purine derivative).
  • Guanine
    Guanine /ˈɡwɑːnᵻn/ (G, Gua) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
  • Thymine
    Thymine /ˈθaɪmᵻn/ (T, Thy) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA that are represented by the letters G–C–A–T.
  • Fluorouracil
    Fluorouracil (5-FU) (trade name Adrucil among others) is a medication which is used in the treatment of cancer.
  • Cytosine
    Cytosine (/ˈsaɪtəˌsiːn, -ˌziːn, -ˌsɪn/; C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
  • Uracil
    Uracil /ˈjʊərəsɪl/ (U) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of RNA that are represented by the letters A, G, C and U.
  • 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine
    5-Hydroxymethylcytosine is a DNA pyrimidine nitrogen base.
  • Flucytosine
    Flucytosine, also known as 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), is an antifungal medication.
  • Base J
    β-D-Glucopyranosyloxymethyluracil or base J is a hypermodified nucleobase found in the DNA of kinetoplastids including the human pathogenic trypanosomes.
  • 5-Methylcytosine
    5-Methylcytosine is a methylated form of the DNA base cytosine that may be involved in the regulation of gene transcription.
  • 2,6-Diaminopurine
    2,6-Diaminopurine is a compound used to treat leukemia.
  • 6-O-Methylguanine
    6-O-Methylguanine is a derivative of the nucleobase guanine in which a methyl group is attached to the oxygen atom.
  • Isoguanine
    Isoguanine or 2-hydroxyadenine is a purine base that is an isomer of guanine.
  • Isocytosine
    Isocytosine or 2-aminouracil is a pyrimidine base that is an isomer of cytosine.
  • 2,4-Diaminopyrimidine
    2,4-Diaminopyrimidine is a diaminopyrimidine.
  • Dihydrouracil
    Dihydrouracil is an intermediate in the catabolism of uracil.
  • 2-Aminopurine
    2-Aminopurine, an analog of guanine and adenine, is a fluorescent molecular marker used in nucleic acid research.
  • 5-Bromouracil
    5-Bromouracil (or 5-bromo-2,4(1H,3H)-pyrimidinedione or 5-BrU or 5-BU) is a brominated derivative of uracil that acts as an antimetabolite or base analog, substituting for thymine in DNA, and can induce DNA mutation in the same way as 2-aminopurine.
  • Queuine
    Queuine (Q) is a hypermodified nucleobase found in the first (or wobble) position of the anticodon of tRNAs specific for Asn, Asp, His, and Tyr, in most eukaryotes and prokaryotes.
  • 5-Hydroxyuracil
    5-Hydroxyuracil is an oxidized form of cytosine that is produced by the oxidative deamination of cytosines by reactive oxygen species.
  • 5-Hydroxycytosine
    5-Hydroxycytosine is an oxidized form of cytosine that is associated with an increased frequency of C to T transition mutations, with some C to G transversions.