2017-07-27T18:56:15+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Psychophysics, Rostral migratory stream, Mind–body problem, Neurodegeneration, Externalism, Postsynaptic density, Temporoparietal junction, Spaced learning, Neurotransmitter, Oxytocin, Thalamus, Mirror neuron, Neural oscillation, Neuroplasticity, Macropsia, Biological neuron model, Parvalbumin, Tegmentum, Barrel cortex, Ribbon synapse, Slit (gene family), Split-brain, Tarlov cyst, Empathizing–systemizing theory, Brain-to-body mass ratio, Neuropathology, Functional specialization (brain), Roundabout (gene family), Striosome, Long-term depression, Acoustic radiation, Causes of transsexuality, Supraoptic nucleus, Endocannabinoid system, Alpha-GPC, Neurogenetics, Anabaseine, Thought identification, Surface wave detection by animals, Intention tremor, Epineurial repair, Consciousness after death flashcards


  • Psychophysics
    Psychophysics quantitatively investigates the relationship between physical stimuli and the sensations and perceptions they produce.
  • Rostral migratory stream
    The rostral migratory stream (RMS) is a specialized migratory route found in the brain of some animals along which neuronal precursors that originated in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the brain migrate to reach the main olfactory bulb (OB).
  • Mind–body problem
    The mind–body problem is the problem of explaining how mental states, events and processes—like beliefs, actions and thinking—are related to the physical states, events and processes, given that the human body is a physical entity and the mind is non-physical.
  • Neurodegeneration
    Neurodegeneration is the umbrella term for the progressive loss of structure or function of neurons, including death of neurons.
  • Externalism
    Externalism is a group of positions in the philosophy of mind which argues that the conscious mind is not only the result of what is going on inside the nervous system (or the brain), but also what occurs or exists outside the subject.
  • Postsynaptic density
    The postsynaptic density (PSD) is a protein dense specialization attached to the postsynaptic membrane.
  • Temporoparietal junction
    The temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is an area of the brain where the temporal and parietal lobes meet, at the posterior end of the Sylvian fissure.
  • Spaced learning
    Spaced Learning is a learning method in which highly condensed learning content is repeated three times, with two 10-minute breaks during which distractor activities such as physical activities are performed by the students.
  • Neurotransmitter
    Neurotransmitters, also known as chemical messengers, are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
  • Oxytocin
    Oxytocin (Oxt) is a hormone, neuropeptide, and medication.
  • Thalamus
    The thalamus (from Greek θάλαμος, "chamber") is a midline symmetrical structure of two halves, within the vertebrate brain, situated between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain.
  • Mirror neuron
    A mirror neuron is a neuron that fires both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another.
  • Neural oscillation
    Neural oscillation is rhythmic or repetitive neural activity in the central nervous system.
  • Neuroplasticity
    Neuroplasticity, also known as brain plasticity or neural plasticity, is an umbrella term that describes lasting change to the brain throughout an individual's life course.
  • Macropsia
    Macropsia (also known as megalopia) is a neurological condition affecting human visual perception, in which objects within an affected section of the visual field appear larger than normal, causing the person to feel smaller than they actually are.
  • Biological neuron model
    A biological neuron model, also known as a spiking neuron model, is a mathematical model of the electrical properties of neuronal action potentials, which are sharp changes in the electrical potential across the cell membrane that last for about one millisecond.
  • Parvalbumin
    Parvalbumin is a calcium-binding albumin protein with low molecular weight (typically 9-11 kDa).
  • Tegmentum
    The tegmentum (from Latin for "covering") is a general area within the brainstem.
  • Barrel cortex
    The barrel cortex refers to a region of somatosensory cortex that is identifiable in some species of rodents and species of at least two other orders and contains the barrel field.
  • Ribbon synapse
    The ribbon synapse is a type of neuronal synapse characterized by the presence of an electron-dense structure, the synaptic ribbon, that holds vesicles close to the active zone.
  • Slit (gene family)
    Slit refers to a family of related genes which encode a corresponding set of secreted proteins, also collectively referred to as Slit.
  • Split-brain
    Split-brain is a lay term to describe the result when the corpus callosum connecting the two hemispheres of the brain is severed to some degree.
  • Tarlov cyst
    Tarlov cysts, also known as perineural cysts, are type II innervated meningeal cysts, cerebrospinal-fluid-filled (CSF) sacs most frequently located in the spinal canal of the S1-to-S5 region of the spinal cord (much less often in the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine), and can be distinguished from other meningeal cysts by their nerve-fiber-filled walls.
  • Empathizing–systemizing theory
    The empathizing–systemizing (E–S) theory suggests that people may be classified on the basis of their scores along two dimensions: empathizing (E) and systemizing (S).
  • Brain-to-body mass ratio
    Brain-to-body mass ratio, also known as the brain to body weight ratio, is the ratio of brain mass to body mass, which is hypothesised to be a rough estimate of the intelligence of an animal, although fairly inaccurate in many cases.
  • Neuropathology
    Neuropathology is the study of disease of nervous system tissue, usually in the form of either small surgical biopsies or whole-body autopsies.
  • Functional specialization (brain)
    Functional specialization suggests that different areas in the brain are specialized for different functions.
  • Roundabout (gene family)
    The Roundabout (Robo) family of proteins are single-pass transmembrane receptors that are highly conserved across many branches of the animal kingdom, from C.
  • Striosome
    The striosomes (also referred to as the striatal patches) are one of two complementary chemical compartments within the striatum (the other compartment is known as the matrix) that can be visualized by staining for immunocytochemical markers such as acetylcholinesterase, enkephalin, substance P, limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP), AMPA receptor subunit 1 (GluR1), dopamine receptor subunits, and calcium binding proteins.
  • Long-term depression
    Long-term depression (LTD), in neurophysiology, is an activity-dependent reduction in the efficacy of neuronal synapses lasting hours or longer following a long patterned stimulus.
  • Acoustic radiation
    The acoustic radiations or auditory radiations are structures found in the brain, in the ventral cochlear pathway, a part of the auditory system.
  • Causes of transsexuality
    The study of the causes of transsexuality investigates gender identity formation of transgender people, especially those who are transsexual.
  • Supraoptic nucleus
    The supraoptic nucleus (SON) is a nucleus of magnocellular neurosecretory cells in the hypothalamus of the mammalian brain.
  • Endocannabinoid system
    The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors located in the mammalian brain and throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems, consisting of neuromodulatory lipids and their receptors.
  • Alpha-GPC
    L-Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC, choline alfoscerate) is a natural choline compound found in the brain.
  • Neurogenetics
    Neurogenetics studies the role of genetics in the development and function of the nervous system.
  • Anabaseine
    Anabaseine (3,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2,3’-bipyridine) is an alkaloid toxin produced by Nemertines and Aphaenogaster ants.
  • Thought identification
    Thought identification refers to the empirically verified use of technology to, in some sense, read people's minds.
  • Surface wave detection by animals
    Surface wave detection by animals is the process by which animals, such as surface-feeding fish are able to sense and localize prey and other objects on the surface of a body of water by analyzing features of the ripples generated by objects' movement at the surface.
  • Intention tremor
    Intention tremor, also known as cerebellar tremor, is a dyskinetic disorder characterized by a broad, coarse, and low frequency (below 5 Hz) tremor.
  • Epineurial repair
    Epineurial repair is a common surgical procedure to repair a nerve laceration via the epineurium, the connective tissue surrounding nerve fibers originating from the spinal cord.
  • Consciousness after death
    Consciousness after death is a common theme in society and culture in the context of life after death.