Neuroscience

2017-07-28T22:15:16+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Grete Lundbeck European Brain Research Prize, Thalamus, Kavli Prize, Biological neuron model, Oxytocin, Neurotransmitter, Neurodegeneration, Parvalbumin, Mind–body problem, Postsynaptic density, Rostral migratory stream, Tegmentum, Externalism, Spaced learning, Neuroplasticity, Temporoparietal junction, Mirror neuron, Psychophysics, Neural oscillation, Macropsia, Acoustic radiation, Barrel cortex, Presentation (software), Ribbon synapse, W. Alden Spencer Award, Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Long-term depression, Surface wave detection by animals, Neurogenetics, Intention tremor, Brain-to-body mass ratio, NeuroLex, Connectome: How the Brain's Wiring Makes Us Who We Are, Innerscope Research, Consciousness and the Brain, Alpha-GPC, Slit (gene family), Gruber Prize in Neuroscience, Frederick Carrick, Neuropathology, Functional specialization (brain), Supraoptic nucleus, Epineurial repair, Split-brain, Gregory Berns, Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Tarlov cyst, Anabaseine, Neuroscience Information Framework, EDLUT, OpenVibe, Striosome, The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, Suh Yoo-hun, Luria Neuroscience Institute, Budapest Reference Connectome, Tayfun Uzbay, Empathizing–systemizing theory, Endocannabinoid system, NeuroFocus, Roundabout (gene family), Andrej Kral, Causes of transsexuality, Marcus Raichle, Consciousness after death, Delusions of Gender flashcards Neuroscience
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  • Grete Lundbeck European Brain Research Prize
    The Grete Lundbeck European Brain Research Prize, also known as The Brain Prize, is an international scientific award honouring "one or more scientists who have distinguished themselves by an outstanding contribution to European neuroscience and who are still active in research".
  • Thalamus
    The thalamus (from Greek θάλαμος, "chamber") is a midline symmetrical structure of two halves, within the vertebrate brain, situated between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain.
  • Kavli Prize
    The Kavli Prize was established in 2005 through a joint venture between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, and The Kavli Foundation.
  • Biological neuron model
    A biological neuron model, also known as a spiking neuron model, is a mathematical model of the electrical properties of neuronal action potentials, which are sharp changes in the electrical potential across the cell membrane that last for about one millisecond.
  • Oxytocin
    Oxytocin (Oxt) is a hormone, neuropeptide, and medication.
  • Neurotransmitter
    Neurotransmitters, also known as chemical messengers, are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
  • Neurodegeneration
    Neurodegeneration is the umbrella term for the progressive loss of structure or function of neurons, including death of neurons.
  • Parvalbumin
    Parvalbumin is a calcium-binding albumin protein with low molecular weight (typically 9-11 kDa).
  • Mind–body problem
    The mind–body problem is the problem of explaining how mental states, events and processes—like beliefs, actions and thinking—are related to the physical states, events and processes, given that the human body is a physical entity and the mind is non-physical.
  • Postsynaptic density
    The postsynaptic density (PSD) is a protein dense specialization attached to the postsynaptic membrane.
  • Rostral migratory stream
    The rostral migratory stream (RMS) is a specialized migratory route found in the brain of some animals along which neuronal precursors that originated in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the brain migrate to reach the main olfactory bulb (OB).
  • Tegmentum
    The tegmentum (from Latin for "covering") is a general area within the brainstem.
  • Externalism
    Externalism is a group of positions in the philosophy of mind which argues that the conscious mind is not only the result of what is going on inside the nervous system (or the brain), but also what occurs or exists outside the subject.
  • Spaced learning
    Spaced Learning is a learning method in which highly condensed learning content is repeated three times, with two 10-minute breaks during which distractor activities such as physical activities are performed by the students.
  • Neuroplasticity
    Neuroplasticity, also known as brain plasticity or neural plasticity, is an umbrella term that describes lasting change to the brain throughout an individual's life course.
  • Temporoparietal junction
    The temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is an area of the brain where the temporal and parietal lobes meet, at the posterior end of the Sylvian fissure.
  • Mirror neuron
    A mirror neuron is a neuron that fires both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another.
  • Psychophysics
    Psychophysics quantitatively investigates the relationship between physical stimuli and the sensations and perceptions they produce.
  • Neural oscillation
    Neural oscillation is rhythmic or repetitive neural activity in the central nervous system.
  • Macropsia
    Macropsia (also known as megalopia) is a neurological condition affecting human visual perception, in which objects within an affected section of the visual field appear larger than normal, causing the person to feel smaller than they actually are.
  • Acoustic radiation
    The acoustic radiations or auditory radiations are structures found in the brain, in the ventral cochlear pathway, a part of the auditory system.
  • Barrel cortex
    The barrel cortex refers to a region of somatosensory cortex that is identifiable in some species of rodents and species of at least two other orders and contains the barrel field.
  • Presentation (software)
    Presentation is a Windows software application for conducting psychological and neurobehavioral experiments, developed by Neurobehavioral Systems Inc.
  • Ribbon synapse
    The ribbon synapse is a type of neuronal synapse characterized by the presence of an electron-dense structure, the synaptic ribbon, that holds vesicles close to the active zone.
  • W. Alden Spencer Award
    The W. Alden Spencer Award is awarded to an investigator in recognition of outstanding research contributions by the College of Physicians and Surgeons, the Department of Neuroscience, and The Kavli Institute for Brain Science at Columbia University.
  • Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging
    The Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at University College London (incorporating the Leopold Muller Functional Imaging Laboratory and the Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience) is an interdisciplinary centre for neuroimaging research based in London, United Kingdom.
  • Long-term depression
    Long-term depression (LTD), in neurophysiology, is an activity-dependent reduction in the efficacy of neuronal synapses lasting hours or longer following a long patterned stimulus.
  • Surface wave detection by animals
    Surface wave detection by animals is the process by which animals, such as surface-feeding fish are able to sense and localize prey and other objects on the surface of a body of water by analyzing features of the ripples generated by objects' movement at the surface.
  • Neurogenetics
    Neurogenetics studies the role of genetics in the development and function of the nervous system.
  • Intention tremor
    Intention tremor, also known as cerebellar tremor, is a dyskinetic disorder characterized by a broad, coarse, and low frequency (below 5 Hz) tremor.
  • Brain-to-body mass ratio
    Brain-to-body mass ratio, also known as the brain to body weight ratio, is the ratio of brain mass to body mass, which is hypothesised to be a rough estimate of the intelligence of an animal, although fairly inaccurate in many cases.
  • NeuroLex
    NeuroLex is a dynamic lexicon of neuroscience concepts.
  • Connectome: How the Brain's Wiring Makes Us Who We Are
    Connectome: How the Brain's Wiring Makes Us Who We Are (2012) is a book by Sebastian Seung.
  • Innerscope Research
    Innerscope Research is an integrated consumer neuroscience research firm founded in 2006 and based in Boston, Massachusetts with an office in New York City.
  • Consciousness and the Brain
    Consciousness and the Brain: Deciphering How the Brain Codes Our Thoughts is a 2014 book by Stanislas Dehaene.
  • Alpha-GPC
    L-Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC, choline alfoscerate) is a natural choline compound found in the brain.
  • Slit (gene family)
    Slit refers to a family of related genes which encode a corresponding set of secreted proteins, also collectively referred to as Slit.
  • Gruber Prize in Neuroscience
    The Gruber Prize in Neuroscience, established in 2004, is one of three international awards worth US$500,000 made by the Gruber Foundation, a non-profit organization based in Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
  • Frederick Carrick
    Frederick Robert "Ted" Carrick (born February 26, 1952) is a senior research fellow at the Bedfordshire Centre for Mental Health Research in association with the University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
  • Neuropathology
    Neuropathology is the study of disease of nervous system tissue, usually in the form of either small surgical biopsies or whole-body autopsies.
  • Functional specialization (brain)
    Functional specialization suggests that different areas in the brain are specialized for different functions.
  • Supraoptic nucleus
    The supraoptic nucleus (SON) is a nucleus of magnocellular neurosecretory cells in the hypothalamus of the mammalian brain.
  • Epineurial repair
    Epineurial repair is a common surgical procedure to repair a nerve laceration via the epineurium, the connective tissue surrounding nerve fibers originating from the spinal cord.
  • Split-brain
    Split-brain is a lay term to describe the result when the corpus callosum connecting the two hemispheres of the brain is severed to some degree.
  • Gregory Berns
    Gregory S. Berns is an American neuroeconomist, neuroscientist, professor of psychiatry, psychologist and writer.
  • Laboratory of Neuro Imaging
    The Laboratory of Neuro Imaging (LONI) is a research laboratory founded within the Department of Neurology at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine.
  • Tarlov cyst
    Tarlov cysts, also known as perineural cysts, are type II innervated meningeal cysts, cerebrospinal-fluid-filled (CSF) sacs most frequently located in the spinal canal of the S1-to-S5 region of the spinal cord (much less often in the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine), and can be distinguished from other meningeal cysts by their nerve-fiber-filled walls.
  • Anabaseine
    Anabaseine (3,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2,3’-bipyridine) is an alkaloid toxin produced by Nemertines and Aphaenogaster ants.
  • Neuroscience Information Framework
    The Neuroscience Information Framework is a repository of global neuroscience web resources, including experimental, clinical, and translational neuroscience databases, knowledge bases, atlases, and genetic/genomic resources and provides many authoritative links throughout the neuroscience portal of Wikipedia.
  • EDLUT
    EDLUT (Event-Driven LookUp Table) is a computer application for simulating networks of spiking neurons.
  • OpenVibe
    OpenViBE is a software platform dedicated to designing, testing and using brain-computer interfaces.
  • Striosome
    The striosomes (also referred to as the striatal patches) are one of two complementary chemical compartments within the striatum (the other compartment is known as the matrix) that can be visualized by staining for immunocytochemical markers such as acetylcholinesterase, enkephalin, substance P, limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP), AMPA receptor subunit 1 (GluR1), dopamine receptor subunits, and calcium binding proteins.
  • The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
    The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is a book by Charles Darwin, published in 1872, concerning genetically determined aspects of behaviour.
  • Suh Yoo-hun
    Suh Yoo-hun (Hangul: 서유헌, born February 8, 1948) is a South Korean neuroscientist.
  • Luria Neuroscience Institute
    Luria Neuroscience Institute (LNI) and its not-for-profit arm Luria Scientific Foundation (LNF) were founded in 2011 with the broad purpose of advancing research in cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology, and disseminating knowledge in these areas.
  • Budapest Reference Connectome
    The Budapest Reference Connectome computes the frequently appearing anatomical brain connections of 418 healthy subjects.
  • Tayfun Uzbay
    İsmail Tayfun UZBAY was born in 1959 in Ünye, Ordu.
  • Empathizing–systemizing theory
    The empathizing–systemizing (E–S) theory suggests that people may be classified on the basis of their scores along two dimensions: empathizing (E) and systemizing (S).
  • Endocannabinoid system
    The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors located in the mammalian brain and throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems, consisting of neuromodulatory lipids and their receptors.
  • NeuroFocus
    NeuroFocus, Inc. was an American multinational neuromarketing company that was acquired by Nielsen in May 2011.
  • Roundabout (gene family)
    The Roundabout (Robo) family of proteins are single-pass transmembrane receptors that are highly conserved across many branches of the animal kingdom, from C.
  • Andrej Kral
    Andrej Kral (born 1969) is a German / Slovak neuroscientist and director of the Institute of AudioNeuroTechnology at the Hannover Medical School.
  • Causes of transsexuality
    The study of the causes of transsexuality investigates gender identity formation of transgender people, especially those who are transsexual.
  • Marcus Raichle
    Marcus E. Raichle (born March 15, 1937) is an American neurologist at the Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis, Missouri.
  • Consciousness after death
    Consciousness after death is a common theme in society and culture in the context of life after death.
  • Delusions of Gender
    Delusions of Gender: How Our Minds, Society, and Neurosexism Create Difference is a 2010 book by Cordelia Fine, written to debunk the idea that men and women are hardwired with different interests.