Neonatology

2017-07-28T17:21:54+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Omphalitis of newborn, Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, Rh disease, Sepsis, Newborn screening, Infant respiratory distress syndrome, Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn, Neonatal jaundice, Fetus, Perinatal mortality, Gastroschisis, Prenatal development, Patent ductus arteriosus, Breast milk, Kernicterus, Hemolytic disease of the newborn, Neonatal encephalopathy, Erythema toxicum neonatorum, Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus, Neonatal hypoglycemia, Neonatal bowel obstruction, Metascreen, Perinatal asphyxia, Preterm birth, Persistent fetal circulation, Necrotizing enterocolitis, Small for gestational age, Hemolytic disease of the newborn (ABO), Wilson–Mikity syndrome, Hydrops fetalis, Transposition of the great vessels, Meconium aspiration syndrome, Neonatal tetanus, Neonatal infection, Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, Germinal matrix hemorrhage, Neonatal conjunctivitis, Neonatal teeth, Sclerema neonatorum, Benign familial neonatal seizures, National Association of Neonatal Nurses, Neonatal lupus erythematosus, Neonatal hepatitis, Neonatal cholestasis, Neonatal sepsis, Neonatal withdrawal, Neonatal intensive care unit, Large for gestational age, Neonatal herpes simplex, Neonatal acne, Transient tachypnea of the newborn, Congenital hyperinsulinism, Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus, Chignon (medical term) flashcards Neonatology
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  • Omphalitis of newborn
    Omphalitis of newborn is the medical term for inflammation of the umbilical cord stump in the neonatal newborn period, most commonly attributed to a bacterial infection.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD; formerly chronic lung disease of infancy) is a chronic lung disorder of infants and children first described in 1967.
  • Rh disease
    Rh disease (also known as rhesus isoimmunisation, Rh (D) disease, rhesus incompatibility, rhesus disease, RhD hemolytic disease of the newborn, rhesus D hemolytic disease of the newborn or RhD HDN) is a type of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN).
  • Sepsis
    Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection injures its own tissues and organs.
  • Newborn screening
    Newborn screening is a public health program of screening in infants shortly after birth for a list of conditions that are treatable, but not clinically evident in the newborn period.
  • Infant respiratory distress syndrome
    Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS), also called neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory distress syndrome of newborn, or increasingly surfactant deficiency disorder (SDD), and previously called hyaline membrane disease (HMD), is a syndrome in premature infants caused by developmental insufficiency of pulmonary surfactant production and structural immaturity in the lungs.
  • Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn
    Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn, also known as vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB), is a coagulation disturbance in newborn infants due to vitamin K deficiency.
  • Neonatal jaundice
    Neonatal jaundice or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, or neonatal icterus (from the Greek word ἴκτερος), attributive adjective: icteric, is a yellowing of the skin and other tissues of a newborn infant.
  • Fetus
    In human development, a fetus or foetus (/ˈfiːtəs/; plural fetuses or foetuses) is a prenatal human between the embryonic state and birth.
  • Perinatal mortality
    Perinatal mortality (PNM), also perinatal death, refers to the death of a fetus or neonate and is the basis to calculate the perinatal mortality rate.
  • Gastroschisis
    Gastroschisis represents a congenital defect characterised by a defect in the anterior abdominal wall through which the abdominal contents freely protrude.
  • Prenatal development
    Prenatal or antenatal development is the process in which a human embryo and later fetus (or foetus) develops during pregnancy, from fertilization until birth.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition wherein the ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Breast milk
    Breast milk is the milk produced by the breasts (or mammary glands) of a human female for her baby.
  • Kernicterus
    Kernicterus is a bilirubin-induced brain dysfunction.
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn
    Hemolytic disease of the newborn, also known as hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, HDN, HDFN, or erythroblastosis fetalis, is an alloimmune condition that develops in a fetus, when the IgG molecules (one of the five main types of antibodies) produced by the mother pass through the placenta.
  • Neonatal encephalopathy
    Neonatal encephalopathy (NE), also known as hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), is defined by signs and symptoms of abnormal neurological function in the first few days of life in an infant born at term.
  • Erythema toxicum neonatorum
    Erythema toxicum neonatorum (also known as erythema toxicum, urticaria neonatorum and toxic erythema of the newborn) is a common rash in neonates.
  • Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy
    Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is an inborn error of peroxisome biogenesis.
  • Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus
    A newly identified and potentially treatable form of monogenic diabetes is the neonatal diabetes caused by activating mutations of the KCNJ11 gene, which codes for the Kir6.
  • Neonatal hypoglycemia
    Neonatal hypoglycemia is a condition of decreased blood sugar or hypoglycemia in a neonate.
  • Neonatal bowel obstruction
    Neonatal bowel obstruction (NBO) or neonatal intestinal obstruction is the most common surgical emergency in the neonatal period.
  • Metascreen
    Metascreen is an advanced non-invasive metabolic screening test distributed by Cordlife Group Limited ("Cordlife").
  • Perinatal asphyxia
    Perinatal asphyxia, neonatal asphyxia or birth asphyxia is the medical condition resulting from deprivation of oxygen to a newborn infant that lasts long enough during the birth process to cause physical harm, usually to the brain.
  • Preterm birth
    Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at less than 37 weeks gestational age.
  • Persistent fetal circulation
    Persistent fetal circulation is a condition caused by a failure in the systemic circulation and pulmonary circulation to convert from the antenatal circulation pattern to the "normal" pattern.
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a medical condition primarily seen in premature infants, where portions of the bowel undergo necrosis (tissue death).
  • Small for gestational age
    Small for gestational age (SGA) embryos are those who are smaller in size than normal for the gestational age, most commonly defined as a weight below the 10th percentile for the gestational age.
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn (ABO)
    In ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn (also known as ABO HDN) maternal IgG antibodies with specificity for the ABO blood group system pass through the placenta to the fetal circulation where they can cause hemolysis of fetal red blood cells which can lead to fetal anemia and HDN.
  • Wilson–Mikity syndrome
    Wilson–Mikity syndrome, also known as pulmonary dysmaturity syndrome, is a rare lung condition that affects low birth weight babies.
  • Hydrops fetalis
    Hydrops fetalis is a condition in the fetus characterized by an accumulation of fluid, or edema, in at least two fetal compartments.
  • Transposition of the great vessels
    Transposition of the great vessels (TGV) is a group of congenital heart defects involving an abnormal spatial arrangement of any of the great vessels: superior and/or inferior venae cavae, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, and aorta.
  • Meconium aspiration syndrome
    Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) also known as neonatal aspiration of meconium is a medical condition affecting newborn infants.
  • Neonatal tetanus
    Neonatal tetanus is a form of generalised tetanus that occurs in newborns.
  • Neonatal infection
    Neonatal infections are infections of the neonate (newborn) during the neonatal period or first four weeks after birth.
  • Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia
    Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAITP or NAIT or NATP or NAT for short; or fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, FNAIT, feto-maternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, FMAITP or FMAIT) is a disease that affects fetuses and newborns, in which the platelet count is decreased (a state known as thrombocytopenia).
  • Germinal matrix hemorrhage
    Germinal matrix hemorrhage is a bleeding into the subependymal germinal matrix with or without subsequent rupture into the lateral ventricle.
  • Neonatal conjunctivitis
    Neonatal conjunctivitis, also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, is a form of conjunctivitis and a type of neonatal infection contracted by newborns during delivery.
  • Neonatal teeth
    Natal teeth are teeth that are present above the gumline (have already erupted) at birth, and neonatal teeth are teeth that emerge through the gingiva during the first month of life (the neonatal period).
  • Sclerema neonatorum
    Sclerema neonatorum is a rare and severe skin condition that is characterized by diffuse hardening of the subcutaneous tissue with minimal inflammation.
  • Benign familial neonatal seizures
    Benign familial neonatal seizures (BFNS), formerly called benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC), is a rare autosomal dominant inherited form of seizures.
  • National Association of Neonatal Nurses
    The National Association of Neonatal Nurses (NANN) is a professional organization for neonatal nurses in the United States.
  • Neonatal lupus erythematosus
    Neonatal lupus erythematosus is the occurrence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) symptoms in an infant born from a mother with SLE, most commonly presenting with a rash resembling discoid lupus erythematosus, and sometimes with systemic abnormalities such as complete heart block or hepatosplenomegaly.
  • Neonatal hepatitis
    Neonatal hepatitis is a form of hepatitis that affects the fetuses and neonates
  • Neonatal cholestasis
    Neonatal cholestasis defines persisting conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn with conjugated bilirubin levels exceeding 15% (5.0 mg/dL) of total bilirubin level.
  • Neonatal sepsis
    Neonatal sepsis is a type of neonatal infection and specifically refers to the presence in a newborn baby of a bacterial blood stream infection (BSI) (such as meningitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, or gastroenteritis) in the setting of fever.
  • Neonatal withdrawal
    Neonatal withdrawal or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a withdrawal syndrome of infants, caused by the cessation of the administration of licit or illicit drugs.
  • Neonatal intensive care unit
    A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), also known as an intensive care nursery (ICN), is an intensive care unit specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants.
  • Large for gestational age
    Large for gestational age (LGA) is an indication of high prenatal growth rate.
  • Neonatal herpes simplex
    Neonatal herpes simplex is a rare but serious condition, usually caused by vertical transmission of herpes simplex virus from mother to newborn.
  • Neonatal acne
    Neonatal acne (also known as "Acne infantum", "Acne neonatorum", and "Neonatal cephalic pustulosis" (not to be confused with "Benign cephalic histiocytosis")) is an acneiform eruption that occurs in newborns or infants, and is often seen on the nose and adjacent portions of the cheeks.
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn
    Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN, TTNB, or "transitory tachypnea of newborn") is a respiratory problem that can be seen in the newborn shortly after delivery.
  • Congenital hyperinsulinism
    Congenital hyperinsulinism is a medical term referring to a variety of congenital disorders in which hypoglycemia is caused by excessive insulin secretion.
  • Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus
    Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) is a form of diabetes mellitus presenting at birth that is not permanent.
  • Chignon (medical term)
    A chignon is a temporary swelling left on an infant's head after a ventouse suction cap has been used to deliver him or her.