Name reactions

2017-07-29T04:13:18+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Michael reaction, Friedel–Crafts reaction, Favorskii rearrangement, Wittig reaction, Haber process, Mannich reaction, Maillard reaction, Diels–Alder reaction, Wacker process, Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction, Birch reduction, Chichibabin reaction, Claisen condensation, Mitsunobu reaction, Suzuki reaction, Heck reaction, Favorskii reaction, Claisen rearrangement, Curtius rearrangement, Asinger reaction, Sharpless epoxidation, Cope rearrangement, Stevens rearrangement, Baeyer–Villiger oxidation, Büchner–Curtius–Schlotterbeck reaction, Feist–Benary synthesis, Ferrier carbocyclization, Ferrier rearrangement, Fischer–Tropsch process, Ugi reaction, Darzens halogenation, Chichibabin pyridine synthesis, Barbier reaction, Benary reaction, Girdler sulfide process, Strecker amino acid synthesis, Darzens reaction, Cope reaction, Dess–Martin periodinane, Petasis reaction, Stephen aldehyde synthesis, Buchner ring expansion, Jaffe reaction, Seyferth–Gilbert homologation flashcards Name reactions
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  • Michael reaction
    The Michael reaction or Michael addition is the nucleophilic addition of a carbanion or another nucleophile to an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound.
  • Friedel–Crafts reaction
    The Friedel–Crafts reactions are a set of reactions developed by Charles Friedel and James Crafts in 1877 to attach substituents to an aromatic ring.
  • Favorskii rearrangement
    (Not to be confused with Favorskii reaction.) The Favorskii rearrangement, named for the Russian chemist Alexei Yevgrafovich Favorskii, is most principally a rearrangement of cyclopropanones and α-halo ketones which leads to carboxylic acid derivatives.
  • Wittig reaction
    The Wittig reaction or Wittig olefination is a chemical reaction of an aldehyde or ketone with a triphenyl (often called a Wittig reagent) to give an alkene and triphenylphosphine oxide.
  • Haber process
    The Haber process, also called the Haber–Bosch process, is an artificial nitrogen fixation process and is the main industrial procedure for the production of ammonia today.
  • Mannich reaction
    The Mannich reaction is an organic reaction which consists of an amino alkylation of an acidic proton placed next to a carbonyl functional group by formaldehyde and a primary or secondary amine or ammonia.
  • Maillard reaction
    The Maillard reaction (/maɪˈjɑːr/ my-YAR; French pronunciation: ​[majaʁ]) is a chemical reaction between amino acids and reducing sugars that gives browned food its desirable flavor.
  • Diels–Alder reaction
    The Diels–Alder reaction is an organic chemical reaction (specifically, a [4+2] cycloaddition) between a conjugated diene and a substituted alkene, commonly termed the dienophile, to form a substituted cyclohexene system.
  • Wacker process
    The Wacker process or the Hoechst-Wacker process (named after the chemical companies of the same name) refers to the oxidation of ethylene to acetaldehyde in the presence of palladium(II) chloride as the catalyst.
  • Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction
    The discovery of the phenomenon is credited to Boris Belousov.
  • Birch reduction
    The Birch reduction is an organic reaction which is particularly useful in synthetic organic chemistry.
  • Chichibabin reaction
    The Chichibabin reaction (pronounced ' (chē')-chē-bā-bēn) is a method for producing 2-aminopyridine derivatives by the reaction of pyridine with sodium amide.
  • Claisen condensation
    The Claisen condensation is a carbon–carbon bond forming reaction that occurs between two esters or one ester and another carbonyl compound in the presence of a strong base, resulting in a β-keto ester or a β-diketone.
  • Mitsunobu reaction
    The Mitsunobu reaction is an organic reaction that converts an alcohol into a variety of functional groups, such as an ester, using triphenylphosphine and an azodicarboxylate such as diethyl azodicarboxylate (DEAD) or diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (DIAD).
  • Suzuki reaction
    The Suzuki reaction is an organic reaction, classified as a coupling reaction, where the coupling partners are a boronic acid and an organohalide catalyzed by a palladium(0) complex.
  • Heck reaction
    The Heck reaction (also called the Mizoroki-Heck reaction) is the chemical reaction of an unsaturated halide (or triflate) with an alkene in the presence of a base and a palladium catalyst (or palladium nanomaterial-based catalyst) to form a substituted alkene.
  • Favorskii reaction
    The Favorskii reaction is the nucleophilic attack of a terminal alkyne with acidic protons on a carbonyl group.
  • Claisen rearrangement
    The Claisen rearrangement (not to be confused with the Claisen condensation) is a powerful carbon–carbon bond-forming chemical reaction discovered by Rainer Ludwig Claisen.
  • Curtius rearrangement
    The Curtius rearrangement (or Curtius reaction or Curtius degradation), first defined by Theodor Curtius in 1885, is the thermal decomposition of an acyl azide to an isocyanate with loss of nitrogen gas.
  • Asinger reaction
    The Asinger-reaction was invented in 1956 by Friedrich Asinger.
  • Sharpless epoxidation
    The Sharpless epoxidation reaction is an enantioselective chemical reaction to prepare 2,3-epoxyalcohols from primary and secondary allylic alcohols.
  • Cope rearrangement
    The Cope rearrangement is an extensively studied organic reaction involving the [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement of 1,5-dienes.
  • Stevens rearrangement
    The Stevens rearrangement in organic chemistry is an organic reaction converting quaternary ammonium salts and sulfonium salts to the corresponding amines or sulfides in presence of a strong base in a 1,2-rearrangement.
  • Baeyer–Villiger oxidation
    The Baeyer-Villiger oxidation (also called Baeyer-Villiger rearrangement) is an organic reaction that forms an ester from a ketone or a lactone from a cyclic ketone.
  • Büchner–Curtius–Schlotterbeck reaction
    The Buchner–Curtius–Schlotterbeck reaction is the reaction of aldehydes or ketones with aliphatic diazoalkanes to form homologated ketones.
  • Feist–Benary synthesis
    The Feist–Benary synthesis is an organic reaction between α-halogen ketones and β-dicarbonyl compounds to produce substituted furan compounds.
  • Ferrier carbocyclization
    The Ferrier carbocyclization (or Ferrier II reaction) is an organic reaction that was first reported by the carbohydrate chemist Robert J.
  • Ferrier rearrangement
    The Ferrier rearrangement is an organic reaction that involves a nucleophilic substitution reaction combined with an allylic shift in a glycal (a 2,3-unsaturated glycoside).
  • Fischer–Tropsch process
    The Fischer–Tropsch process is a collection of chemical reactions that converts a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen into liquid hydrocarbons.
  • Ugi reaction
    The Ugi reaction is a multi-component reaction in organic chemistry involving a ketone or aldehyde, an amine, an isocyanide and a carboxylic acid to form a bis-amide.
  • Darzens halogenation
    Darzens halogenation is the chemical synthesis of alkyl halides from alcohols via the treatment upon reflux of a large excess of thionyl chloride or bromide (SOX2) in the presence of a small amount a nitrogen base, such as a tertiary amine or pyridine, or the corresponding hydrochloride.
  • Chichibabin pyridine synthesis
    The Chichibabin pyridine synthesis (/ˈtʃitʃiˌbeɪbin/ CHEE-chee-BAY-been) is a method for synthesizing pyridine rings.
  • Barbier reaction
    Examples of Barbier reactions are the reaction of propargylic bromide with butanal with zinc metal in water: Barbier reactionWith a substituted alkyne instead of a terminal alkyne the allene product is favoured the intramolecular Barbier reaction with samarium(II) iodide: Barbier reaction the reaction of an allyl bromide with formaldehyde in THF with indium powder: Barbier reactionThe Barbier reaction is accompanied by an allylic rearrangement to a terminal alkene or another allyl bromide in a reaction with benzaldehyde and zinc powder in water:
  • Benary reaction
    The Benary reaction is an organic reaction.
  • Girdler sulfide process
    The Girdler sulfide (GS) process, also known as the Geib–Spevack (GS) process, is an industrial production method for filtering out of natural water the heavy water (deuterium oxide = D2O) which is used in particle research, in Deuterium NMR spectroscopy, deuterated solvents for proton NMR spectroscopy, in heavy water nuclear reactors (as a coolant and moderator) and in deuterated drugs.
  • Strecker amino acid synthesis
    The Strecker amino acid synthesis, also known simply as the Strecker synthesis, was devised by German chemist Adolph Strecker, and is a term used for a series of chemical reactions that synthesize an amino acid from an aldehyde or ketone.
  • Darzens reaction
    The Darzens reaction (also known as the Darzens condensation or glycidic ester condensation) is the chemical reaction of a ketone or aldehyde with an α-haloester in the presence of base to form an α,β-epoxy ester, also called a "glycidic ester".
  • Cope reaction
    The Cope reaction or Cope elimination, developed by Arthur C.
  • Dess–Martin periodinane
    Dess–Martin periodinane (DMP) is a chemical reagent used to oxidize primary alcohols to aldehydes and secondary alcohols to ketones.
  • Petasis reaction
    The Petasis reaction (alternatively called the Petasis borono–Mannich (PBM) reaction) is the chemical reaction of an amine, aldehyde, and vinyl- or aryl-boronic acid to form substituted amines.
  • Stephen aldehyde synthesis
    Stephen aldehyde synthesis, a named reaction in chemistry, was invented by Henry Stephen (OBE/MBE).
  • Buchner ring expansion
    The Buchner Ring Expansion is a two-step organic C-C bond forming reaction used to access 7-membered rings.
  • Jaffe reaction
    The Jaffe reaction is a colorimetric method used in clinical chemistry to determine creatinine levels in blood and urine.
  • Seyferth–Gilbert homologation
    The Seyferth–Gilbert homologation is a chemical reaction of an aryl ketone 1 (or aldehyde) with dimethyl (diazomethyl)phosphonate 2 and potassium tert-butoxide to give substituted alkynes 3.