2017-07-28T21:19:31+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy, Friedreich's ataxia, Cerebrotendineous xanthomatosis, Kearns–Sayre syndrome, Leigh disease, MELAS syndrome, Wolfram syndrome, Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Chronic fatigue syndrome, MERRF syndrome, Diabetes mellitus and deafness, Pearson syndrome, Neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa, Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome, Mitochondrial myopathy, Coenzyme Q10 deficiency flashcards
Mitochondrial diseases

Mitochondrial diseases

  • Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy
    Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) or Leber optic atrophy is a mitochondrially inherited (transmitted from mother to offspring) degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons that leads to an acute or subacute loss of central vision; this affects predominantly young adult males.
  • Friedreich's ataxia
    Friedreich's ataxia is an autosomal recessive inherited disease that causes progressive damage to the nervous system.
  • Cerebrotendineous xanthomatosis
    Cerebrotendineous xanthomatosis or cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX), also called cerebral cholesterosis, is an autosomal recessive form of xanthomatosis.
  • Kearns–Sayre syndrome
    Kearns–Sayre syndrome (abbreviated KSS), also known as oculocraniosomatic disorder or oculocraniosomatic neuromuscular disorder with ragged red fibers, is a mitochondrial myopathy with a typical onset before 20 years of age.
  • Leigh disease
    Leigh disease is a rare inherited neurometabolic disorder that affects the central nervous system.
  • MELAS syndrome
    Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes – abbreviated to MELAS – is one of the family of mitochondrial cytopathies, which also include MERRF, and Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy.
  • Wolfram syndrome
    Wolfram syndrome, also called DIDMOAD (diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness), is a rare autosomal-recessive genetic disorder that causes childhood-onset diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness as well as various other possible disorders.
  • Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia
    Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO), also known as progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), is a type of eye disorder characterized by slowly progressive inability to move the eyes and eyebrows.
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a medical condition characterized by long-term fatigue and other symptoms that limit a person's ability to carry out ordinary daily activities.
  • MERRF syndrome
    MERRF syndrome (or Myoclonic Epilepsy with Ragged Red Fibers) is a mitochondrial disease.
  • Diabetes mellitus and deafness
    Diabetes mellitus and deafness (DAD) or maternally inherited diabetes and deafness (MIDD) is a subtype of diabetes which is caused from a point mutation at position 3243 in human mitochondrial DNA, which consists of a circular genome.
  • Pearson syndrome
    Pearson syndrome is a mitochondrial disease characterized by sideroblastic anemia and exocrine pancreas dysfunction.
  • Neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa
    Neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa, also known as NARP syndrome, is a rare disease with mitochondrial inheritance that causes a variety of signs and symptoms chiefly affecting the nervous system.
  • Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome
    Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome (MNGIE) is a rare autosomal recessive mitochondrial disease.
  • Mitochondrial myopathy
    Mitochondrial myopathies are types of myopathies associated with mitochondrial disease.
  • Coenzyme Q10 deficiency
    Coenzyme Q10 deficiency is a deficiency of Coenzyme Q10.