Mathematicians of medieval Islam

2017-07-28T16:00:47+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, Abū al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī al-Qalaṣādī, Omar Khayyam, Al-Mahani, Abu Mansur al-Baghdadi, Brethren of Purity, Abu'l-Hasan al-Uqlidisi, Sind ibn Ali, Al-Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Maṭar, Sahl ibn Bishr, Mashallah ibn Athari, Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī, Ahmad al-Qalqashandi, Avempace, 'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk, Abū Kāmil Shujāʿ ibn Aslam, Abu Zayd al-Balkhi, Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Habash al-Hasib al-Marwazi, Ibn Ghazi al-Miknasi, Al-Samawal al-Maghribi, Al-Isfahani, Al-Karaji, Yaʿīsh ibn Ibrāhīm al-Umawī, Al-Isfizari, Ibn al-Majdi, Avicenna, Sinan ibn Thabit, Said al-Andalusi, Ibn Sahl, Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī flashcards Mathematicians of medieval Islam
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  • Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī
    Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Fazari (died 796 or 806) was a Muslim philosopher, mathematician and astronomer.
  • Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi
    Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Persian: محمد بن موسی خوارزمی‎‎, Arabic: محمد بن موسى الخوارزمی‎‎; c. 780 – c. 850) (Arabic pronunciation: [ælxɑːræzmiː]), formerly Latinized as Algoritmi, was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, and geographer during the Abbasid Caliphate, a scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad.
  • Abū al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī al-Qalaṣādī
    Abū al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī al-Qalaṣādī (1412–1486) was a Muslim mathematician from Al-Andalus specializing in Islamic inheritance jurisprudence.
  • Omar Khayyam
    Omar Khayyám ; born Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām Nīshāpūrī (/ˈoʊmɑːr kaɪˈjɑːm, -ˈjæm, ˈoʊmər/; Persian: غیاث‌الدین ابوالفتح عمر ابراهیم خیام نیشابورﻯ‎‎, pronounced [xæjˈjɑːm]; 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131), was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet, widely considered to be one of the most influential thinkers of the Middle Ages.
  • Al-Mahani
    Abu-Abdullah Muhammad ibn Īsa Māhānī (ابوعبدالله محمد بن عیسی ماهانی) was a Persian Muslim mathematician and astronomer from Mahan, Kermān, Persia.
  • Abu Mansur al-Baghdadi
    Abu Mansur 'Abd al-Qahir ibn Tahir al-Baghdadi (Arabic: أبو منصور عبدالقاهر ابن طاهر بن محمد بن عبدالله التميمي الشافعي البغدادي‎‎) was a Shafi'i scholar, Imam in fundamentals of Islam (Usul), heresiologist and mathematician.
  • Brethren of Purity
    The Brethren of Purity (Arabic: اخوان‌الصفا‎‎ ikhwãn al-safã; also The Brethren of Sincerity) were a secret society of Muslim philosophers in Basra, Iraq, in the 8th or 10th century CE.
  • Abu'l-Hasan al-Uqlidisi
    Abu'l Hasan Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Al-Uqlidisi was an Arab mathematician, who was active in Damascus and Baghdad.
  • Sind ibn Ali
    He is known to have translated and modified the Zij al-Sindhind.
  • Al-Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Maṭar
    Al-Ḥajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Maṭar (786–833 CE) was a mathematician and translator.
  • Sahl ibn Bishr
    Sahl ibn Bishr al-Israili, more commonly; Rabban al-Tabari often known as Zahel or Zael (c. 786–845 ?) was a Syriac Christian (sometimes reported as Jewish) astrologer, astronomer and mathematician from Tabaristan.
  • Mashallah ibn Athari
    The Arabic phrase ma sha`a allah indicates acceptance of what God has ordained in terms of good or ill fortune that may befall a believer.
  • Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī
    Ibrahim al-Fazari (d. 777 CE) was an 8th-century mathematician and astronomer at the Abbasid court of the Caliph Al-Mansur (r. 754–775).
  • Ahmad al-Qalqashandi
    Shihab al-Din abu 'l-Abbas Ahmad ben Ali ben Ahmad Abd Allah al-Qalqashandi (1355 or 1356 – 1418) was a medieval Egyptian writer and mathematician.
  • Avempace
    Avempace (c. 1085 – 1138) is the Latinate form of Ibn Bâjja (Arabic: ابن باجه‎‎), full name Abû Bakr Muḥammad Ibn Yaḥyà ibn aṣ-Ṣâ’igh at-Tûjîbî Ibn Bâjja al-Tujibi (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى بن الصائغ), a medieval Andalusian: his writings include works regarding , , and , as well as philosophy, medicine, botany, and poetry.
  • 'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk
    ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Turk (fl. 830), known also as ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Wase ibn Arab Jili was a ninth-century Turkic Muslim mathematician.
  • Abū Kāmil Shujāʿ ibn Aslam
    Abū Kāmil, Shujāʿ ibn Aslam ibn Muḥammad Ibn Shujāʿ (Latinized as Auoquamel, Arabic: ابو كامل‎‎, also known as al-ḥāsib al-miṣrī—lit. "the Egyptian reckoner") (c. 850 – c. 930) was an Egyptian Muslim mathematician during the Islamic Golden Age.
  • Abu Zayd al-Balkhi
    Abu Zayd Ahmed ibn Sahl Balkhi (Persian: ابو زید احمد بن سهل بلخی‎‎) was a Persian Muslim polymath: a geographer, mathematician, physician, psychologist and scientist.
  • Hunayn ibn Ishaq
    Hunayn ibn Ishaq (also Hunain or Hunein) (Syriac: ܚܢܝܢ ܒܪ ܐܝܣܚܩ‎, Arabic: أبو زيد حنين بن إسحاق العبادي‎‎; ’Abū Zayd Ḥunayn ibn ’Isḥāq al-‘Ibādī; Latin: Iohannitius) (809 – 873) was a famous and influential scholar, physician, and scientist of Arab Christian descent.
  • Habash al-Hasib al-Marwazi
    Ahmad ibn 'Abdallah Habash Hasib Marwazi (796 - d. after 869 in Samarra, Iraq ) was a Persian astronomer, geographer, and mathematician from Merv in Khorasan who for the first time described the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine, tangent and cotangent.
  • Ibn Ghazi al-Miknasi
    Abu Abdallah Muhammad b.
  • Al-Samawal al-Maghribi
    Al-Samawʾal ibn Yaḥyā al-Maghribī (Arabic: السموأل بن يحيى المغربي‎‎; c. 1130 – c. 1180), commonly known as Samau'al al-Maghribi, was a Muslim mathematician, astronomer and physician.
  • Al-Isfahani
    Abu al-Fath Mahmud ibn Muhammad ibn Qasim ibn Fadl al-Isfahani was a 10th-century Persian mathematician.
  • Al-Karaji
    Abū Bakr ibn Muḥammad ibn al Ḥusayn al-Karajī (c. 953 – c. 1029) was a 10th-century Iranian mathematician and engineer who flourished at Baghdad.
  • Yaʿīsh ibn Ibrāhīm al-Umawī
    Abū ʿAbdallāh Yaʿīsh ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Yūsuf ibn Simāk al-Andalusī al-Umawī (1400? in Al-Andalus – 1489? in Damascus, Syria?) was a 14th-century mathematician.
  • Al-Isfizari
    Abū Ḥātim al-Muẓaffar al-Isfazārī (fl. late 11th – early 12th century CE) was a Muslim mathematician.
  • Ibn al-Majdi
    Shihāb al‐Dīn ibn al‐Majdī (Arabic: شهاب الدين بن المجدي‎‎; 1359–1447 CE) was an Egyptian mathematician and astronomer.
  • Avicenna
    Avicenna (/ˌævᵻˈsɛnə/; Latinized form of Ibn-Sīnā, full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sīnā أبو علي الحسين بن عبد الله بن الحسن بن علي بن سينا‍; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.
  • Sinan ibn Thabit
    Sinan ibn Thabit ibn Qurra سنان بن ثابت بن قرة ) (880; † 943)was an ethnic Mandean physician and a Sabian who later converted to Islam.
  • Said al-Andalusi
    Ṣāʿid al‐Andalusī (1029–1070) was an Andalusi Muslim Qadi.
  • Ibn Sahl
    Ibn Sahl (Arabic: ابن سهل‎‎) (Abu Saʿd al-ʿAlaʾ ibn Sahl ) (Arabic: أبو سعد العلاء ابن سهل‎‎) (c. 940–1000) was a Persian Muslim mathematician, physicist and optics engineer of the Islamic Golden Age associated with the Abbasid court of Baghdad.
  • Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
    Kamal al-Din Hasan ibn Ali ibn Hasan al-Farisi or Abu Hasan Muhammad ibn Hasan (1267– 12 January 1319, long assumed to be 1320)) (Persian: كمال‌الدين فارسی‎‎) was a prominent Muslim scientist.