Mathematical analysis

2017-07-27T18:10:46+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Dedekind cut, Separable space, Total variation, Weighted arithmetic mean, Asymptote, Closure (topology), Continued fraction, Convolution, Differential calculus, Elementary function, Integral, Metric space, Real number, Division by zero, Exterior (topology), Singularity (mathematics), Analytic function, Finite difference, Periodic function, Dirichlet's principle, Asymptotic expansion, Laplace's method, Curvilinear coordinates, Critical point (mathematics), Differintegral, Leibniz integral rule, Pullback, Polylogarithmic function, Real coordinate space, Darboux's formula, Real-valued function, Constructive analysis flashcards Mathematical analysis
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  • Dedekind cut
    In mathematics, a Dedekind cut, named after Richard Dedekind, is a partition of the rational numbers into two non-empty sets A and B, such that all elements of A are less than all elements of B, and A contains no greatest element.
  • Separable space
    In mathematics a topological space is called separable if it contains a countable, dense subset; that is, there exists a sequence of elements of the space such that every nonempty open subset of the space contains at least one element of the sequence.
  • Total variation
    In mathematics, the total variation identifies several slightly different concepts, related to the (local or global) structure of the codomain of a function or a measure.
  • Weighted arithmetic mean
    The weighted arithmetic mean is similar to an ordinary arithmetic mean (the most common type of average), except that instead of each of the data points contributing equally to the final average, some data points contribute more than others.
  • Asymptote
    In analytic geometry, an asymptote (/ˈæsɪmptoʊt/) of a curve is a line such that the distance between the curve and the line approaches zero as they tend to infinity.
  • Closure (topology)
    In mathematics, the closure of a subset S in a topological space consists of all points in S plus the limit points of S.
  • Continued fraction
    In mathematics, a continued fraction is an expression obtained through an iterative process of representing a number as the sum of its integer part and the reciprocal of another number, then writing this other number as the sum of its integer part and another reciprocal, and so on.
  • Convolution
    In mathematics (and, in particular, functional analysis) convolution is a mathematical operation on two functions (f and g); it produces a third function, that is typically viewed as a modified version of one of the original functions, giving the integral of the pointwise multiplication of the two functions as a function of the amount that one of the original functions is translated.
  • Differential calculus
    In mathematics, differential calculus is a subfield of calculus concerned with the study of the rates at which quantities change.
  • Elementary function
    In mathematics, an elementary function is a function of one variable which is the composition of a finite number of arithmetic operations (+ – × ÷), exponentials, logarithms, constants, and solutions of algebraic equations (a generalization of nth roots).
  • Integral
    In mathematics, an integral assigns numbers to functions in a way that can describe displacement, area, volume, and other concepts that arise by combining infinitesimal data.
  • Metric space
    In mathematics, a metric space is a set for which distances between all members of the set are defined.
  • Real number
    In mathematics, a real number is a value that represents a quantity along a line.
  • Division by zero
    In mathematics, division by zero is division where the divisor (denominator) is zero.
  • Exterior (topology)
    In topology, the exterior of a subset S of a topological space X is the union of all open sets of X which are disjoint from S.
  • Singularity (mathematics)
    In mathematics, a singularity is in general a point at which a given mathematical object is not defined, or a point of an exceptional set where it fails to be well-behaved in some particular way, such as differentiability.
  • Analytic function
    In mathematics, an analytic function is a function that is locally given by a convergent power series.
  • Finite difference
    A finite difference is a mathematical expression of the form f(x + b) − f(x + a).
  • Periodic function
    In mathematics, a periodic function is a function that repeats its values in regular intervals or periods.
  • Dirichlet's principle
    In mathematics, and particularly in potential theory, Dirichlet's principle is the assumption that the minimizer of a certain energy functional is a solution to Poisson's equation.
  • Asymptotic expansion
    In mathematics, an asymptotic expansion, asymptotic series or Poincaré expansion (after Henri Poincaré) is a formal series of functions which has the property that truncating the series after a finite number of terms provides an approximation to a given function as the argument of the function tends towards a particular, often infinite, point.
  • Laplace's method
    In mathematics, Laplace's method, named after Pierre-Simon Laplace, is a technique used to approximate integrals of the form where ƒ(x) is some twice-differentiable function, M is a large number, and the integral endpoints a and b could possibly be infinite.
  • Curvilinear coordinates
    In geometry, curvilinear coordinates are a coordinate system for Euclidean space in which the coordinate lines may be curved.
  • Critical point (mathematics)
    In mathematics, a critical point or stationary point of a differentiable function of a real or complex variable is any value in its domain where its derivative is 0 or undefined.
  • Differintegral
    In fractional calculus, an area of applied mathematics, the differintegral is a combined differentiation/integration operator.
  • Leibniz integral rule
    In calculus, Leibniz's rule for differentiation under the integral sign, named after Gottfried Leibniz, states that for an integral of the form then for x in (x0, x1) the derivative of this integral is thus expressible as provided that f and its partial derivative fx are both continuous over a region in the form [x0, x1] × [y0, y1].
  • Pullback
    In mathematics, a pullback is either of two different, but related processes: precomposition and fibre-product.
  • Polylogarithmic function
    A polylogarithmic function in n is a polynomial in the logarithm of n, In computer science, polylogarithmic functions occur as the order of memory used by some algorithms (e.g., "it has polylogarithmic order").
  • Real coordinate space
    In mathematics, real coordinate space of n dimensions, written Rn (/ɑːrˈɛn/ ar-EN) (also written ℝn with blackboard bold) is a coordinate space that allows several (n) real variables to be treated as a single variable.
  • Darboux's formula
    In mathematical analysis, Darboux's formula is a formula introduced by Gaston Darboux () for summing infinite series by using integrals or evaluating integrals using infinite series.
  • Real-valued function
    In mathematics, a real-valued function or real function is a function whose values are real numbers.
  • Constructive analysis
    In mathematics, constructive analysis is mathematical analysis done according to some principles of constructive mathematics.