2017-07-27T17:38:55+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Colloquialism, Calque, Acronym, Homonym, Loanword, Metaphor, Synonym, Collective noun, Meronymy, Opposite (semantics), Polysemy, Archaism, Anglicism, Germanism (linguistics), Sound symbolism, Abbreviation, Denotation, Plurale tantum, Trivial name flashcards Lexicology
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  • Colloquialism
    A colloquialism is a word, phrase, or other form used in informal language.
  • Calque
    In linguistics, a calque (/ˈkælk/) or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word, or root-for-root translation.
  • Acronym
    An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
  • Homonym
    In linguistics, a homonym is one of a group of words that share the same pronunciation but have different meanings, whether spelled the same or not.
  • Loanword
    A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into a different, recipient language without translation.
  • Metaphor
    A metaphor is a figure of speech that refers, for rhetorical effect, to one thing by mentioning another thing.
  • Synonym
    A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
  • Collective noun
    In linguistics, a collective noun is a word which refers to a collection of things taken as a whole.
  • Meronymy
    Meronymy (from Greek μέρος meros, "part" and ὄνομα onoma, "name") is a semantic relation specific to linguistics, distinct from the similar meronomy.
  • Opposite (semantics)
    In lexical semantics, opposites are words that lie in an inherently incompatible binary relationship as in the opposite pairs big : small, long : short, and precede : follow.
  • Polysemy
    Polysemy (/pəˈlɪsᵻmi/ or /ˈpɒlᵻsiːmi/; from Greek: πολυ-, poly-, "many" and σῆμα, sêma, "sign") is the capacity for a sign (such as a word, phrase, or symbol) to have multiple meanings (that is, multiple semes or sememes and thus multiple senses), usually related by contiguity of meaning within a semantic field.
  • Archaism
    In language, an archaism (from the Ancient Greek: ἀρχαϊκός, archaïkós, 'old-fashioned, antiquated', ultimately ἀρχαῖος, archaîos, 'from the beginning, ancient') is the use of a form of speech or writing that is no longer current or that is current only within a few special contexts.
  • Anglicism
    An Anglicism may refer to * a) a word or construction peculiar to the English language * b) a word or construction borrowed from English into another language * c) English syntax, grammar, or meaning transposed in another language resulting in incorrect language use or incorrect translation.
  • Germanism (linguistics)
    A Germanism is a loan word or other loan element borrowed from German for use in some other language.
  • Sound symbolism
    In linguistics, sound symbolism, phonesthesia or phonosemantics is the idea that vocal sounds or phonemes carry meaning in and of themselves.
  • Abbreviation
    An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase.
  • Denotation
    Denotation is a translation of a sign to its meaning, precisely to its literal meaning, more or less like dictionaries try to define it.
  • Plurale tantum
    A plurale tantum (Latin for "plural only", plural form: pluralia tantum) is a noun that appears only in the plural form and does not have a singular variant for referring to a single object.
  • Trivial name
    In chemistry, a trivial name is a nonsystematic name for a chemical substance.