2017-07-28T15:13:51+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Mineral oil, Magnesium citrate, Glycerol, Sodium citrate/sodium lauryl sulfoacetate/glycerol, Enema, Laxative, Magnesium hydroxide, Polyethylene glycol, Sodium picosulfate, Lactitol, Bisacodyl, Magnesium sulfate, Sodium dodecyl sulfate, Lactulose, Prune, Senna glycoside, Polycarbophil calcium, Linaclotide, Oxyphenisatine, Bisoxatin, Elobixibat, Ethulose, Florantyrone, Liquid paraffin (drug), Mercury(I) chloride, Docusate, Macrogol, Okadaic acid, Methyl cellulose, Sorbitol, Bevenopran, Axelopran, Co-danthrusate, Lubiprostone, Dantron flashcards Laxatives
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  • Mineral oil
    A mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum.
  • Magnesium citrate
    Magnesium citrate is a magnesium preparation in salt form with citric acid in a 1:1 ratio (1 magnesium atom per citrate molecule).
  • Glycerol
    Glycerol /ˈɡlɪsərɒl/ (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
  • Sodium citrate/sodium lauryl sulfoacetate/glycerol
    Sodium citrate/sodium lauryl sulfoacetate/glycerol sold under the brandname Microlax and Micolette Micro enema among others, is a small tube of liquid gel that is used to treat constipation.
  • Enema
    Enema (plural enemata or enemas) or clyster, is a fluid injected into the lower bowel by way of the rectum.
  • Laxative
    Laxatives (purgatives, aperients) are substances that loosen stools and increase bowel movements.
  • Magnesium hydroxide
    Magnesium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula of hydrated Mg(OH)2.
  • Polyethylene glycol
    Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polyether compound with many applications from industrial manufacturing to medicine.
  • Sodium picosulfate
    Sodium picosulfate (INN, also known as sodium picosulphate) is a contact stimulant laxative used as a treatment for constipation or to prepare the large bowel before colonoscopy or surgery.
  • Lactitol
    Lactitol is a sugar alcohol used as a replacement bulk sweetener for low calorie foods with approximately 40% of the sweetness of sugar.
  • Bisacodyl
    Bisacodyl (INN) is an organic compound that is used as a laxative drug.
  • Magnesium sulfate
    Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt (chemical compound) containing magnesium, sulfur and oxygen, with the formula MgSO4.
  • Sodium dodecyl sulfate
    Sodium dodecyl sulfate, synonymously sodium lauryl sulfate (or laurilsulfate; SDS or SLS, respectively), is a synthetic organic compound with the formula CH3(CH2)11SO4Na.
  • Lactulose
    Lactulose is a non-absorbable sugar used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy.
  • Prune
    A prune is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum.
  • Senna glycoside
    Senna glycoside, also known as sennoside or senna, is a medication used to treat constipation and empty the large intestine before surgery.
  • Polycarbophil calcium
    Polycarbophil calcium (INN) is a drug used as a stool stabilizer.
  • Linaclotide
    Linaclotide (marketed under the trade name Linzess in the US and Mexico, and as Constella in Canada and many other countries) is a peptide agonist of guanylate cyclase 2C.
  • Oxyphenisatine
    Oxyphenisatine (or oxyphenisatin) is a laxative.
  • Bisoxatin
    Bisoxatin is a laxative.
  • Elobixibat
    Elobixibat is an IBAT inhibitor, undergoing development in clinical trials for the treatment of chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C).
  • Ethulose
    Ethulose is a laxative.
  • Florantyrone
    Florantyrone (INN; also known as Fluorantyrone) is a drug used in the treatment of biliary dyskinesia.
  • Liquid paraffin (drug)
    Medicinal liquid paraffin, also known as paraffinum liquidum, is a very highly refined mineral oil used in cosmetics and for medical purposes.
  • Mercury(I) chloride
    Mercury(I) chloride is the chemical compound with the formula Hg2Cl2.
  • Docusate
    Docusate, also known as docusate salts or dioctyl sulfosuccinate, is a laxative used to treat constipation.
  • Macrogol
    Macrogol is the international nonproprietary name for polyethylene glycol (PEG).
  • Okadaic acid
    Okadaic acid, C44H68O13, is a toxin produced by several species of dinoflagellates, and is known to accumulate in both marine sponges and shellfish.
  • Methyl cellulose
    Methyl cellulose (or methylcellulose) is a chemical compound derived from cellulose.
  • Sorbitol
    Sorbitol, also known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.
  • Bevenopran
    Bevenopran (INN, USAN) (former developmental code names CB-5945, ADL-5945, MK-2402, OpRA III) is a peripherally selective μ- and δ-opioid receptor antagonist that was under development by Cubist Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of chronic opioid-induced constipation.
  • Axelopran
    Axelopran (INN, USAN) (developmental code name TD-1211) is a drug which is under development by Theravance Biopharma for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation.
  • Co-danthrusate
    Co-danthrusate is a combination of dantron and docusate.
  • Lubiprostone
    Lubiprostone (rINN, marketed under the trade name Amitiza among others) is a medication used in the management of chronic idiopathic constipation, predominantly irritable bowel syndrome-associated constipation in women and opioid-induced constipation.
  • Dantron
    Dantron (INN), also known as chrysazin or 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone, is an organic substance, formally derived from anthraquinone by the replacement of two hydrogen atoms by hydroxyl groups (–OH).