Jewish theology

2017-07-27T19:23:13+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Sheol, Repentance in Judaism, Biblical cosmology, Capital and corporal punishment in Judaism, Devekut, Jewish principles of faith, Jewish views on slavery, Homosexuality and Judaism, Soul, The Bible and homosexuality, Rabbinic Judaism, Sanhedrin, Kaddish, Messianic Age, Oral Torah, Covenant (biblical), Jews as the chosen people, Anthropomorphism in Kabbalah, Atzmus, Ayin and Yesh, Divine providence in Judaism, Jewish schisms, Priesthood of Melchizedek, Pre-existence, Mosaic covenant, Atonement in Judaism, God in Judaism, Hasidic philosophy, Jewish ethics, Voice of God, Ensoulment flashcards Jewish theology
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  • Sheol
    She'ol (/ˈʃiːoʊl/ SHEE-ohl or /ˈʃiːəl/ SHEE-əl; Hebrew שְׁאוֹל Šʾôl), in the Hebrew Bible, is a place of darkness to which all the dead go, both the righteous and the unrighteous, regardless of the moral choices made in life, a place of stillness and darkness cut off from life and from the Hebrew God.
  • Repentance in Judaism
    Repentance (Hebrew: תשובה‎‎, literally "return", pronounced "tshuva" or "teshuva") is one element of atoning for sin in Judaism.
  • Biblical cosmology
    Biblical cosmology is the biblical writers' conception of the cosmos as an organised, structured entity, including its origin, order, meaning and destiny.
  • Capital and corporal punishment in Judaism
    The Jewish tradition describes certain forms of corporal punishment and capital punishment for certain crimes, while cautioning against the use of such punishments.
  • Devekut
    Devekut, debekuth, deveikuth or deveikus (Heb. דבקות; Mod. Heb. "dedication", traditionally "clinging on" to God) is a Jewish concept referring to closeness to God.
  • Jewish principles of faith
    There is no established formulation of principles of faith that are recognized by all branches of Judaism.
  • Jewish views on slavery
    Jewish views on slavery are varied both religiously and historically.
  • Homosexuality and Judaism
    The subject of homosexual behavior and Judaism dates back to the Torah.
  • Soul
    In many religions, philosophical, and mythological traditions, the soul is the incorporeal and immortal essence of a living being.
  • The Bible and homosexuality
    Passages in the Old Testament book Leviticus that prohibit "lying with mankind as with womankind" and the story of Sodom and Gomorrah have traditionally been interpreted by Christian churches as condemning and prohibiting homosexual acts, along with several Pauline passages.
  • Rabbinic Judaism
    Rabbinic Judaism or Rabbinism (Hebrew: יהדות רבנית Yahadut Rabanit) has been the mainstream form of Judaism since the 6th century CE, after the codification of the Babylonian Talmud.
  • Sanhedrin
    The Sanhedrin (Hebrew: סַנְהֶדְרִין sanhedrîn, Greek: Συνέδριον, synedrion, "sitting together," hence "assembly" or "council") was an assembly of twenty-three to seventy-one men appointed in every city in the Land of Israel.
  • Kaddish
    Kaddish (קדיש, Qaddish Aramaic: "holy"; alternative spellings: qaddish, ḳaddish) is a hymn of praises to God found in the Jewish prayer service.
  • Messianic Age
    The Messianic Age is a theological term referring to a future time of universal peace and brotherhood on the earth, without crime, war and poverty.
  • Oral Torah
    According to Rabbinic Judaism, the Oral Torah or Oral Law (Hebrew: תורה שבעל פה, Torah she-be-`al peh, lit "Torah that is spoken") represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses, the "Written Torah" (Hebrew: תורה שבכתב, Torah she-bi-khtav, lit. "Torah that is written"), but nonetheless are regarded by Orthodox Jews as prescriptive and co-given.
  • Covenant (biblical)
    A biblical covenant is a religious covenant that is described in the Bible.
  • Jews as the chosen people
    In Judaism, "chosenness" is the belief that the Jews, via descent from the ancient Israelites, are the chosen people, i.
  • Anthropomorphism in Kabbalah
    Kabbalah, the central system in Jewish mysticism, uses subtle anthropomorphic analogies and metaphors to describe God in Judaism.
  • Atzmus
    Atzmus/Atzmut (עצמות from the Hebrew Etzem עצם) meaning "essence", is the descriptive term referred to in Kabbalah, and explored in Hasidic thought, for the Divine essence.
  • Ayin and Yesh
    Ayin (Hebrew: אַיִן‎‎, meaning "nothingness", related to Ain-"not") is an important concept in Kabbalah and Hasidic philosophy.
  • Divine providence in Judaism
    Divine providence (Hebrew השגחה פרטית Hashgochoh Protis or Hashgaha Peratit, lit. divine supervision of the individual) is discussed throughout Rabbinic literature, by the classical Jewish philosophers, and by the tradition of Jewish mysticism.
  • Jewish schisms
    Schisms among the Jews are cultural as well as religious.
  • Priesthood of Melchizedek
    The priesthood of Melchizedek is a role in Abrahamic religions, modelled on Melchizedek, combining the dual position of king and priest.
  • Pre-existence
    Pre-existence, preexistence, beforelife, or pre-mortal existence refers to the belief that each individual human soul existed before mortal conception, and at some point before birth enters or is placed into the body.
  • Mosaic covenant
    The Mosaic covenant (named after Moses), also known as the Sinaitic Covenant (named after the biblical Mount Sinai), refers to a biblical covenant between God and the biblical Israelites, including their proselytes.
  • Atonement in Judaism
    Atonement in Judaism is the process of causing a transgression to be forgiven or pardoned.
  • God in Judaism
    God in Judaism is understood to be the absolute one, indivisible, and incomparable being who is the ultimate cause of all existence.
  • Hasidic philosophy
    Hasidic philosophy or Hasidus (Hebrew: חסידות), alternatively transliterated as Hassidism, Chassidism, Chassidut etc.
  • Jewish ethics
    Jewish ethics are considered to be at the intersection of Judaism and the Western philosophical tradition of ethics.
  • Voice of God
    In Judaism and Christianity, the voice of God (Hebrew: בּת קול, bat kol or bath ḳōl, literally daughter of a voice; Latin: vox dei) is a "heavenly or divine voice which proclaims God's will or judgment.
  • Ensoulment
    In religion, ensoulment is the moment at which a human being gains a soul.