Injuries

2017-07-27T19:30:09+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Hickey, Joint dislocation, Myofascial trigger point, Wound, Cephalohematoma, Flail chest, Neurogenic shock, Rib fracture, Traumatic asphyxia, Asphyxia, Bruise, Crush syndrome, Frostbite, Nasal septum deviation, Sprain, Hemarthrosis, Barotrauma, Whiplash (medicine), Falling (accident), Burn, Nosebleed, Animal bite, Heat illness, Surgical suture, Hematoma, Strangling, Penetrating head injury, Blister, Penile fracture, Post-concussion syndrome, Abdominal trauma, Heat stroke, Stab wound, Blast injury, Railway spine, Blunt trauma, Long-term complications of standing, Concussions in American football, Penetrating trauma, Needlestick injury, Smoke inhalation, Thoracic aorta injury, Organ perforation, High pressure injection injury flashcards Injuries
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  • Hickey
    A hickey is a bruise or bruise-like mark caused by the kissing or sucking of the skin, usually on the neck or arm.
  • Joint dislocation
    A joint dislocation, also called luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, where two or more bones meet.
  • Myofascial trigger point
    Myofascial trigger points, also known as trigger points, are described as hyperirritable spots in the fascia surrounding skeletal muscle.
  • Wound
    A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
  • Cephalohematoma
    A cephalhaematoma (British English) or cephalhematoma (American English) is a hemorrhage of blood between the skull and the periosteum of a newborn baby secondary to rupture of blood vessels crossing the periosteum.
  • Flail chest
    Flail chest is a life-threatening medical condition that occurs when a segment of the rib cage breaks due to trauma and becomes detached from the rest of the chest wall.
  • Neurogenic shock
    Neurogenic shock is a distributive type of shock resulting in low blood pressure, occasionally with a slowed heart rate, that is attributed to the disruption of the autonomic pathways within the spinal cord.
  • Rib fracture
    A rib fracture is a break or fracture in one or more of the bones making up the rib cage.
  • Traumatic asphyxia
    Traumatic asphyxia, or Perthe's syndrome, is a medical emergency caused by an intense compression of the thoracic cavity, causing venous back-flow from the right side of the heart into the veins of the neck and the brain.
  • Asphyxia
    Asphyxia or asphyxiation is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing.
  • Bruise
    A bruise, or contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue in which capillaries and sometimes venules are damaged by trauma, allowing blood to seep, hemorrhage, or extravasate into the surrounding interstitial tissues.
  • Crush syndrome
    Crush syndrome (also traumatic rhabdomyolysis or Bywaters' syndrome or Ground Beef Blood (GBB)) is a medical condition characterized by major shock and renal failure after a crushing injury to skeletal muscle.
  • Frostbite
    Frostbite or cold burn is the medical condition in which localized damage is caused to skin and other tissues due to freezing.
  • Nasal septum deviation
    Nasal septum deviation or deviated nasal septum (DNS) is a physical disorder of the nose, involving a displacement of the nasal septum.
  • Sprain
    A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion.
  • Hemarthrosis
    Hemarthrosis (or haemarthrosis, plural h(a)emarthroses) is a bleeding into joint spaces.
  • Barotrauma
    Barotrauma is physical damage to body tissues caused by a difference in pressure between a gas space inside, or in contact with the body, and the surrounding fluid.
  • Whiplash (medicine)
    Whiplash is a non-medical term describing a range of injuries to the neck caused by or related to a sudden distortion of the neck associated with extension, although the exact injury mechanisms remain unknown.
  • Falling (accident)
    Falling is the second leading cause of accidental death worldwide and is a major cause of personal injury, especially for the elderly.
  • Burn
    A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.
  • Nosebleed
    Epistaxis, also known as a nosebleed, is the common occurrence of bleeding from the nose.
  • Animal bite
    An animal bite is a wound, usually lacerations, caused by the teeth.
  • Heat illness
    Heat illness or heat-related illness is a spectrum of disorders due to environmental exposure to heat.
  • Surgical suture
    Surgical suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery.
  • Hematoma
    A hematoma is a localized collection of blood outside the blood vessels, usually in liquid form within the tissue.
  • Strangling
    Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.
  • Penetrating head injury
    A penetrating head injury, or open head injury, is a head injury in which the dura mater, the outer layer of the meninges, is breached.
  • Blister
    A blister is a small pocket of lymph within the upper layers of the skin, typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection.
  • Penile fracture
    Penile fracture is rupture of one or both of the tunica albuginea, the fibrous coverings that envelop the penis's corpora cavernosa.
  • Post-concussion syndrome
    Post-concussion syndrome, also known as postconcussive syndrome or PCS, is a set of symptoms that may continue for weeks, months, or a year or more after a concussion – a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI).
  • Abdominal trauma
    Abdominal trauma is an injury to the abdomen.
  • Heat stroke
    ("Heatstroke" and "heatstrokes" redirect here. For other uses, see Heatstroke (disambiguation).) Heat stroke, also known as sun stroke, is a severe heat illness, defined as hyperthermia with a body temperature greater than 40.
  • Stab wound
    A stab wound is a specific form of penetrating trauma to the skin that results from a knife or a similar pointed object that is "deeper than it is wide".
  • Blast injury
    A blast injury is a complex type of physical trauma resulting from direct or indirect exposure to an explosion.
  • Railway spine
    Railway spine was a nineteenth-century diagnosis for the post-traumatic symptoms of passengers involved in railroad accidents.
  • Blunt trauma
    Blunt trauma, blunt injury, non-penetrating trauma or blunt force trauma refers to physical trauma to a body part, either by impact, injury or physical attack.
  • Long-term complications of standing
    The long-term complications of standing are the conditions that may arise after prolonged time in a standing or upright position including standing, walking or running.
  • Concussions in American football
    Concussions and other types of repetitive play-related head blows in American football have been shown to be the cause of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), which has led to player suicides and other debilitating symptoms after retirement, including memory loss, depression and dementia.
  • Penetrating trauma
    Penetrating trauma is an injury that occurs when an object pierces the skin and enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound.
  • Needlestick injury
    A needlestick injury, percutaneous injury, or percutaneous exposure incident is the penetration of skin by a needle or other sharp object, which was in contact with blood, tissue, or other body fluid before the exposure.
  • Smoke inhalation
    Smoke inhalation is the primary cause of death for victims of indoor fires.
  • Thoracic aorta injury
    Injury of the thoracic aorta refers to any injury which affects the portion of the aorta which lies within the chest cavity.
  • Organ perforation
    Organ perforation is a complete penetration of the wall of a hollow organ in the body, such as the gastrointestinal tract in the case of gastrointestinal perforation.
  • High pressure injection injury
    A grease gun injury or injection injury is an injury caused by high-pressure injection of oil, grease, solvents, water, or even air, into the body.