2017-07-27T17:50:45+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Death squad, Służba Bezpieczeństwa, Bride kidnapping, Torture, Germanisation, Kulturkampf, Deprogramming, Smith Act, Child labour, Hate speech, Involuntary commitment, Srebrenica massacre, Forced marriage, Political prisoner, Flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–50), Human shield, Frontier justice, Sanctions against Iraq, Sextortion, Reference Re Persons of Japanese Race, Police brutality, Bad Nenndorf interrogation centre, National League for the Defense of Religious Liberty, Child prostitution, Kinder der Landstrasse, Forced abortion of Feng Jianmei, Medical torture, Red Terror (Spain), Impunity, Trafficking of children, Expulsion of Poles by Germany, The Sugar Babies, Identity cleansing, Child harvesting, Human rights issues in Northeast India, Action Saybusch flashcards
Human rights abuses

Human rights abuses

  • Death squad
    A death squad is an armed group that conducts extrajudicial killings or forced disappearances of persons for the purposes of political repression, genocide, or revolutionary terror.
  • Służba Bezpieczeństwa
    The Służba Bezpieczeństwa Ministerstwa Spraw Wewnętrznych (Polish pronunciation: [ˈswuʐba bɛspʲeˈt͡ʂɛɲstfa miɲiˈstɛrstfa ˈsprav veˈvnɛntʂnɨx]; Security Service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs; Polish abbreviations: SB and MSW, respectively), commonly known as Esbecja, was established in the People's Republic of Poland in 1956.
  • Bride kidnapping
    Bride kidnapping, also known as marriage by abduction or marriage by capture, is a practice in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry.
  • Torture
    Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain on an organism in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
  • Germanisation
    Germanisation (also spelt Germanization) refers to the spread of the German language, people and culture or policies which introduced these changes.
  • Kulturkampf
    The German term (pronounced [kʊlˈtuːɐ̯kampf], literally "culture struggle") refers to power struggles between emerging constitutional and democratic nation states and the Roman Catholic Church over the place and role of religion in modern polity, usually in connection with secularization campaigns.
  • Deprogramming
    Deprogramming refers to coercive measures to force a person in a controversial belief system to change those beliefs and abandon allegiance to the religious, political, economic, or social group associated with the belief system.
  • Smith Act
    The Alien Registration Act of 1940 (Smith Act), 76th United States Congress, 3d session, ch.
  • Child labour
    Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
  • Hate speech
    Hate speech, outside the law, is speech that attacks a person or group on the basis of attributes such as gender, ethnic origin, religion, race, disability, or sexual orientation.
  • Involuntary commitment
    Involuntary commitment or civil commitment (also known as sectioning in some jurisdictions) is a legal process through which an individual who is deemed by a qualified agent to have symptoms of severe psychiatric disease is court-ordered into treatment in a mental institution (inpatient) or in the community (outpatient).
  • Srebrenica massacre
    The Srebrenica massacre, also known as the Srebrenica genocide (Bosnian: Masakar u Srebrenici; Genocid u Srebrenici), was the genocidal killing, in July 1995, of more than 8,000 Muslim Bosniaks, mainly men and boys, in and around the town of Srebrenica during the Bosnian War.
  • Forced marriage
    Forced marriage is a marriage in which one or both of the parties is married without his or her consent or against his or her will.
  • Political prisoner
    A political prisoner is someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible.
  • Flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–50)
    During the later stages of World War II and the post-war period, German citizens and people of German ancestry were expelled from various Eastern European countries and sent to the remaining territory of Germany and Austria.
  • Human shield
    Human shield is a military and political term describing the deliberate placement of non-combatants in or around combat targets to deter the enemy from attacking these combat targets.
  • Frontier justice
    Frontier justice (also called vigilante justice or street justice) is extrajudicial punishment that is motivated by the nonexistence of law and order or dissatisfaction with justice.
  • Sanctions against Iraq
    The sanctions against Iraq were a near-total financial and trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council on the Iraqi Republic.
  • Sextortion
    Sextortion is a form of sexual exploitation that employs non-physical forms of coercion to extort sexual favors from the victim.
  • Reference Re Persons of Japanese Race
    Reference Re Persons of Japanese Race is a famous decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, which upheld a Supreme Court of Canada ruling declaring a government order to deport Canadian citizens of Japanese descent to be valid.
  • Police brutality
    Police brutality is one of several forms of police misconduct, which include: false arrest; intimidation; racial profiling; political repression; surveillance abuse; sexual abuse; and police corruption.
  • Bad Nenndorf interrogation centre
    The Bad Nenndorf interrogation centre was a British Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre in the town of Bad Nenndorf, Germany, which operated from June 1945 to July 1947.
  • National League for the Defense of Religious Liberty
    National League for the Defense of Religious Liberty (Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad Religiosa - LNDLR) or National League for the Defense of Religious Freedom was a Mexican Catholic religious civil rights organization formed in March 1925 that played a crucial role in the Cristero War of 1926-1929.
  • Child prostitution
    Child prostitution is prostitution involving a child, and it is a form of commercial sexual exploitation of children.
  • Kinder der Landstrasse
    Kinder der Landstrasse (literally: Children of the Country Road) was a project of the Swiss foundation Pro Juventute that ended in the 1970s.
  • Forced abortion of Feng Jianmei
    On June 2, 2012, Feng Jianmei (Chinese: 冯建梅; pinyin: Féng Jiànméi) was forced to have an abortion in Zhenping County, Shaanxi, China, when she was seven months pregnant with her second child.
  • Medical torture
    Medical torture describes the involvement of, or sometimes instigation by, medical personnel in acts of torture, either to judge what victims can endure, to apply treatments which will enhance torture, or as torturers in their own right.
  • Red Terror (Spain)
    The Red Terror in Spain (Spanish: Terror Rojo) is the name given by historians to various acts of violence committed from 1936 until the end of the Spanish Civil War "by sections of nearly all the leftist groups".
  • Impunity
    Impunity means "exemption from punishment or loss or escape from fines".
  • Trafficking of children
    Trafficking of children is a form of human trafficking and is defined as the "recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, and/or receipt" of a child for the purpose of exploitation.
  • Expulsion of Poles by Germany
    The Expulsion of Poles by Germany was a prolonged anti-Polish campaign of ethnic cleansing by violent and terror-inspiring means lasting nearly half a century.
  • The Sugar Babies
    The Sugar Babies (2007) is a feature-length documentary film about exploitation in the sugar plantations of the Dominican Republic.
  • Identity cleansing
    Expelled Kosovar Albanians were systematically stripped of identity and property documents including passports, land titles, automobile license plates, identity cards and other documents.
  • Child harvesting
    Child harvesting is the active drafting of parents and children for the adoption market and is particularly associated with and prevalent in some international adoption countries and markets.
  • Human rights issues in Northeast India
    Human rights issues in the Northeastern states of India have been widely reported in the press and by human rights activists.
  • Action Saybusch
    Action Saybusch (German: Aktion Saybusch, Polish: Akcja Żywiec) was the mass expulsion of some 18,000–20,000 ethnic Poles from the territory of Żywiec County in Polish Silesia, conducted by the Wehrmacht and German police during the German occupation of Poland in World War II.