History of medicine

2017-07-27T20:28:09+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Bezoar, Florentine Codex, History of lysergic acid diethylamide, Major depressive disorder, Timeline of medicine and medical technology, Asclepius, Algarot, Barber surgeon, Chimney sweep, History of malaria, Schola Medica Salernitana, Iatrochemistry, Kitchen garden, Bloodletting, Medicaid, Lithotomy, Apothecaries' system, History of emerging infectious diseases, History of nursing in the United States, History of abortion, Timeline of sexual orientation and medicine, Bimaristan, Social medicine, Laudanum, Hadacol, History of surgery, Social history of viruses, Medical community of ancient Rome, History of nursing, History of the National Health Service (England), History of syphilis, Shell shock, History of aspirin, History of tracheal intubation flashcards History of medicine
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  • Bezoar
    A bezoar /ˈbiːzɔər/ is a mass found trapped in the gastrointestinal system, though it can occur in other locations.
  • Florentine Codex
    The Florentine Codex is a 16th-century ethnographic research project in Mesoamerica by Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún.
  • History of lysergic acid diethylamide
    The psychedelic drug (or entheogen) lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was first synthesized on November 16, 1938 by the Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann in the Sandoz (now Novartis) laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
  • Major depressive disorder
    Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known as simply depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
  • Timeline of medicine and medical technology
    Timeline of the history of medicine and medical technology.
  • Asclepius
    Asclepius (/æsˈkliːpiəs/; Greek: Ἀσκληπιός, Asklēpiós [asklɛːpiós]; Latin: Aesculapius) was a hero and god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology.
  • Algarot
    Algarot, Antimony oxychloride, previously regarded a compound of trichloride and trioxide of antimony, is a pale white emetic powder formerly used in alchemy.
  • Barber surgeon
    The barber surgeon is one of the most common medical practitioners of medieval Europe – generally charged with looking after soldiers during or after a battle.
  • Chimney sweep
    A chimney sweep is a worker who clears ash and soot from chimneys.
  • History of malaria
    The history of malaria stretches from its prehistoric origin as a zoonotic disease in the primates of Africa through to the 21st century.
  • Schola Medica Salernitana
    The Schola Medica Salernitana (Italian: Scuola Medica Salernitana) was a medical school.
  • Iatrochemistry
    Iatrochemistry (or chemical medicine) is a branch of both chemistry and medicine.
  • Kitchen garden
    The traditional kitchen garden, also known as a potager (in French, jardin potager) or in Scotland a kailyaird, is a space separate from the rest of the residential garden – the ornamental plants and lawn areas.
  • Bloodletting
    Bloodletting (or blood-letting) is the withdrawal of blood from a patient to cure or prevent illness and disease.
  • Medicaid
    Medicaid in the United States is a social health care program for families and individuals with limited resources.
  • Lithotomy
    Lithotomy from Greek for "lithos" (stone) and "tomos" (cut), is a surgical method for removal of calculi, stones formed inside certain organs, such as the kidneys (kidney stones), bladder (bladder stones), and gallbladder (gallstones), that cannot exit naturally through the urinary system or biliary tract.
  • Apothecaries' system
    The apothecaries' system or Apothecaries' Weights and Measures is a historical system of mass and volume units that were used by physicians and apothecaries for medical recipes, and also sometimes by scientists.
  • History of emerging infectious diseases
    The discovery of disease-causing pathogens is an important activity in the field of medical science, as many viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi, helminthes and prions are identified as a confirmed or potential pathogen.
  • History of nursing in the United States
    The History of nursing in the United States focuses on the professionalization of nursing since the Civil War.
  • History of abortion
    The practice of abortion—the terminating of the life of a fetus—has been known since at least ancient times.
  • Timeline of sexual orientation and medicine
    Timeline of events related to sexual orientation and medicine
  • Bimaristan
    Bimaristan is a Persian word (بیمارستان bīmārestān) meaning "hospital", with Bimar- from Middle Persian (Pahlavi) of vīmār or vemār, meaning "sick" plus -stan as location and place suffix.
  • Social medicine
    The field of social medicine seeks to: 1.
  • Laudanum
    Laudanum /ˈlɔːdᵊnəm/ is a tincture of opium containing approximately 10% powdered opium by weight (the equivalent of 1% morphine).
  • Hadacol
    Hadacol was a patent medicine marketed as a vitamin supplement.
  • History of surgery
    Surgery (cheirourgia, from the Greek "cheir" meaning "hand" + "ergon" meaning "work") is the branch of medicine that deals with the physical manipulation of a bodily structure to diagnose, prevent, or cure an ailment.
  • Social history of viruses
    The social history of viruses describes the influence of viruses and viral infections on human history.
  • Medical community of ancient Rome
    Medical community as used in this article refers to medical institutions and services offered to populations under the jurisdiction of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
  • History of nursing
    The word "nurse" originally came from the Latin word "nutrire", meaning to suckle, referring to a wet-nurse; only in the late 16th century did it attain its modern meaning of a person who cares for the infirm.
  • History of the National Health Service (England)
    The National Health Service in England was created by the National Health Service Act 1946.
  • History of syphilis
    The history of syphilis has been well studied, but the exact origin of the disease is unknown.
  • Shell shock
    Shell shock is term coined to describe the reaction of some soldiers in World War I to the trauma of battle.
  • History of aspirin
    The history of aspirin (also known as acetylsalicylic acid or ASA) and the medical use of it and related substances stretches back to antiquity, though pure ASA has only been manufactured and marketed since 1899.
  • History of tracheal intubation
    Tracheal intubation (usually simply referred to as intubation), an invasive medical procedure, is the placement of a flexible plastic catheter into the trachea.