History of mathematics

2017-07-27T17:59:41+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true History of probability, Integral symbol, Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, Mathematics in medieval Islam, Foundations of mathematics, Japanese mathematics, Quipu, The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, Babylonian mathematics, History of mathematical notation, The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing, History of trigonometry, Approximations of π, Foundations of geometry, Classical Hamiltonian quaternions, Mathematical table, Contributions of Leonhard Euler to mathematics flashcards History of mathematics
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  • History of probability
    Probability has a dual aspect: on the one hand the likelihood of hypotheses given the evidence for them, and on the other hand the behavior of stochastic processes such as the throwing of dice or coins.
  • Integral symbol
    The integral symbol: ∫ (Unicode), (LaTeX) is used to denote integrals and antiderivatives in mathematics.
  • Rhind Mathematical Papyrus
    The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus (RMP; also designated as papyrus British Museum 10057 and pBM 10058) is one of the best known examples of Egyptian mathematics.
  • Mathematics in medieval Islam
    The history of mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, built on Greek mathematics (Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics (Aryabhata, Brahmagupta).
  • Foundations of mathematics
    Foundations of mathematics is the study of the logical and philosophical basis of mathematics, or, in a broader sense, the mathematical investigation of what underlies the philosophical theories concerning the nature of mathematics.
  • Japanese mathematics
    Japanese mathematics (和算 wasan) denotes a distinct kind of mathematics which was developed in Japan during the Edo Period (1603–1867).
  • Quipu
    Quipus, sometimes known as khipus or talking knots, were recording devices historically used in a number of cultures and particularly in the region of Andean South America.
  • The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art
    The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art (simplified Chinese: 九章算术; traditional Chinese: 九章算術; pinyin: Jiǔzhāng Suànshù) is a Chinese mathematics book, composed by several generations of scholars from the 10th–2nd century BCE, its latest stage being from the 2nd century CE.
  • Babylonian mathematics
    Babylonian mathematics (also known as Assyro-Babylonian mathematics) was any mathematics developed or practiced by the people of Mesopotamia, from the days of the early Sumerians to the fall of Babylon in 539 BC.
  • History of mathematical notation
    The history of mathematical notation includes the commencement, progress, and cultural diffusion of mathematical symbols and the conflict of the methods of notation confronted in a notation's move to popularity or inconspicuousness.
  • The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing
    The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing (Arabic: الكتاب المختصر في حساب الجبر والمقابلة‎‎, Al-kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa’l-muqābala; Latin: Liber Algebræ et Almucabola) is an Arabic treatise on mathematics written by Persian polymath Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī around 820 CE while he was in the Abbasid capital of Baghdad.
  • History of trigonometry
    Early study of triangles can be traced to the 2nd millennium BC, in Egyptian mathematics (Rhind Mathematical Papyrus) and Babylonian mathematics.
  • Approximations of π
    Approximations for the mathematical constant pi (π) in the history of mathematics reached an accuracy within 0.
  • Foundations of geometry
    Foundations of geometry is the study of geometries as axiomatic systems.
  • Classical Hamiltonian quaternions
    William Rowan Hamilton invented quaternions, a mathematical entity in 1843.
  • Mathematical table
    Before calculators were cheap and plentiful, people would use mathematical tables —lists of numbers showing the results of calculation with varying arguments— to simplify and drastically speed up computation.
  • Contributions of Leonhard Euler to mathematics
    The 18th-century Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler (1707–1783) is among the most prolific and successful mathematicians in the history of the field.