History of Jerusalem

2017-07-27T18:32:39+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Western Wall, Pool of Bethesda, Jerusalem Day, Bethany (biblical village), Palm Sunday, Aelia Capitolina, Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period, Quds Day, Madaba Map, Umar's Assurance, Davidka, History of Jerusalem during the Middle Ages, Jerusalem in Islam, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194, Jerusalem in Christianity, E1 (Jerusalem), Jaffa Road, Jerusalem in Judaism flashcards History of Jerusalem
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  • Western Wall
    The Western Wall, Wailing Wall or Kotel (Hebrew: , translit.: HaKotel HaMa'aravi; Ashkenazic pronunciation: Kosel; Arabic: حائط البراق‎‎, translit.: Ḥā'iṭ al-Burāq, translat.: the Buraq Wall, or al-Mabka: the Place of Weeping) is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem.
  • Pool of Bethesda
    The Pool of Bethesda is a pool of water in the Muslim Quarter of Jerusalem, on the path of the Beth Zeta Valley.
  • Jerusalem Day
    Jerusalem Day (Hebrew: יום ירושלים‎‎, Yom Yerushalayim) is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the reunification of Jerusalem and the establishment of Israeli control over the Old City in the aftermath of the June 1967 Six-Day War.
  • Bethany (biblical village)
    Bethany (Aramaic: בית עניא, Beth anya, or בית היני / ביתייני Greek: Βηθανία Greek pronunciation: [vi.θa.ˈɲa], Arabic:العيزرية Arabic pronunciation: [ʔæl.ʕæj.zɑ.ri.jæ]) is recorded in the New Testament as the home of the siblings Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, as well as that of Simon the Leper.
  • Palm Sunday
    Palm Sunday is a Christian moveable feast that falls on the Sunday before Easter.
  • Aelia Capitolina
    Aelia Capitolina (/ˈiːliə ˌkæpᵻtəˈlaɪnə/; Latin in full: COLONIA AELIA CAPITOLINA) was a Roman colony, built under the emperor Hadrian on the site of Jerusalem, which was in ruins since the siege of 70 AD, leading in part to the Bar Kokhba revolt of 132–136 AD.
  • Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period
    Jerusalem during the Second Temple period describes the history of the city from the return to Zion under Cyrus the Great to the 70 CE siege of Jerusalem by Titus during the First Jewish–Roman War, which saw both region and city change hands several times.
  • Quds Day
    Quds Day (Jerusalem Day; Quds is the Arabic name for Jerusalem), officially called International Quds Day (Persian: روز جهانی قدس‎‎), is an annual event held on the last Friday of Ramadan that was initiated by the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979 to express support for the Palestinians and oppose Zionism and Israel's existence, as well as Israel's control of Jerusalem.
  • Madaba Map
    The Madaba Map (also known as the Madaba Mosaic Map) is part of a floor mosaic in the early Byzantine church of Saint George at Madaba, Jordan.
  • Umar's Assurance
    Umar's Assurance, or al-ʿUhda al-ʿUmariyya (Arabic: العهدة العمرية‎‎), is an assurance of safety given by the Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab to the people of Aelia, the Roman name for Jerusalem.
  • Davidka
    The Davidka (Yiddish: דוידקה‎, "Little David") was a homemade Israeli mortar used in Safed and Jerusalem during the early stages of the 1948 Israeli War of Independence.
  • History of Jerusalem during the Middle Ages
    The history of Jerusalem during the Middle Ages is generally one of decline; beginning as a major city in the Byzantine Empire, Jerusalem prospered during the early centuries of Muslim control (640–969), but under the rule of the Fatimid caliphate (late 10th to 11th centuries) its population declined from about 200,000 to less than half that number by the time of the Christian conquest in 1099.
  • Jerusalem in Islam
    Jerusalem in Islam refers to the status of Jerusalem in the Muslim religious tradition.
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194
    United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194 was adopted on December 11, 1948, near the end of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
  • Jerusalem in Christianity
    For Christians, Jerusalem's role in first century Christianity, during the ministry of Jesus and the Apostolic Age, as recorded in the New Testament, gives it great importance, in addition to its role in the Old Testament, the Hebrew Bible.
  • E1 (Jerusalem)
    The E1 zone (sometimes E-1 zone) or E1 area or E1 (short for East 1) (Hebrew: מְבַשֶּׂרֶת אֲדֻמִּים) is an area of the West Bank within the municipal boundary of the Israeli settlement of Ma'ale Adumim.
  • Jaffa Road
    Jaffa Road (Hebrew: רחוב יפו‎‎, Rehov Yaffo, Arabic: شارع يافا‎‎) is one of the longest and oldest major streets in Jerusalem, Israel.
  • Jerusalem in Judaism
    Since the 10th century BCE Jerusalem has been the holiest city, focus and spiritual center of the Jews.