2017-07-27T17:38:01+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Aryan, Characene, Pan-Iranism, Greater Iran, White Revolution, Mathematics in medieval Islam, Vizier, Royal Road, Tehran Conference, Lion and Sun, Zoroastrians in Iran, Georgia–Persia relations flashcards
History of Iran

History of Iran

  • Aryan
    "Aryan" (/ˈɛəriən, ˈɛərjən, ˈær-/) is a term meaning "noble" which was used as a self-designation by Indo-Iranian people.
  • Characene
    Characene, (Χαρακηνή in Ancient Greek) also known as Mesene (Μεσσήνη) and Meshan, was a kingdom within the Parthian Empire at the head of the Persian Gulf in southern Iraq.
  • Pan-Iranism
    Pan-Iranism is an ideology that advocates solidarity and reunification of Iranian peoples living in the Iranian plateau and other regions that have significant Iranian cultural influence, including the Persians, Azerbaijanis, Ossetians, Kurds, Zazas, Tajiks of Tajikistan and Afghanistan, the Pashtuns and the Baloch of Pakistan.
  • Greater Iran
    Greater Iran or Greater Persia (Persian: ایران بزرگ‎‎, Irān-e Bozorg, ایران زَمین, Irān-Zamīn) refers to the regions of the Caucasus, West Asia, Central Asia, and parts of South Asia that have significant Iranian cultural influence due to having been either long historically ruled by the various Iranian (Persian) empires (such as those of the Medes, Achaemenids, Parthians, Sassanians, Samanids, Timurids, Safavids, and Afsharids and the Qajar Empire), having considerable aspects of Persian culture in their own culture due to extensive contact with the various Empires based in Persia (e.g., those regions and peoples in the North Caucasus that were not under direct Iranian rule), or are simply nowadays still inhabited by a significant amount of Iranic-speaking people who patronize their respe
  • White Revolution
    The White Revolution (Persian: انقلاب سفید‎‎ Enghelāb-e Sefid) was a far-reaching series of reforms in Iran launched in 1963 by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and lasted until 1978.
  • Mathematics in medieval Islam
    The history of mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, built on Greek mathematics (Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics (Aryabhata, Brahmagupta).
  • Vizier
    A vizier (/vɪˈzɪər/, rarely /ˈvɪzjər/;Arabic: وزير‎‎; wazīr, Persian: vazīr‎‎, Turkish: vezir, Urdu: وزیر‎, Vazeer; sometimes spelled vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir, or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister.
  • Royal Road
    The Royal Road was an ancient highway reorganized and rebuilt by the Persian king Darius the Great (Darius I) of the first (Achaemenid) Persian Empire in the 5th century BCE.
  • Tehran Conference
    The Tehran Conference (codenamed Eureka) was a strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D.
  • Lion and Sun
    The Lion and Sun (Persian: شیر و خورشید‎‎, Shir o Khorshid) is one of the main emblems of Iran, and between 1846 and 1980 was an element in Iran's national flag.
  • Zoroastrians in Iran
    Zoroastrians are the oldest religious community of Iran.
  • Georgia–Persia relations
    Persia and Georgia have had relations for thousands of years.