Heart diseases

2017-07-27T22:56:09+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Mitral valve stenosis, Athletic heart syndrome, Dressler syndrome, Mitral insufficiency, Coronary artery dissection, Asystole, Myocardial infarction, Coronary artery disease, Dilated cardiomyopathy, Hemoptysis, Aortic insufficiency, Aortic stenosis, Myocarditis, Cardiac asthma, Bundle branch block, Cardiovascular disease, Heart failure, Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, Restrictive cardiomyopathy, Atrioventricular block, Cardiac tamponade, Cardiogenic shock, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, Heart block, Myocardial rupture, Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis, Keshan disease, Timeline of cardiovascular disease, Idiopathic giant-cell myocarditis, Heart disease in Australia, Eisenmenger's syndrome, Myocardial stunning, Cardiorenal syndrome, Acute decompensated heart failure, Aneurysm of heart, Cœur en sabot, Postpericardiotomy syndrome, Diastolic heart failure, Coronary artery aneurysm, Coronary thrombosis, Endocardial fibroelastosis, Subacute bacterial endocarditis flashcards Heart diseases
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  • Mitral valve stenosis
    Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease characterized by the narrowing of the orifice of the mitral valve of the heart.
  • Athletic heart syndrome
    Athletic heart syndrome, (AHS) also known as athlete's heart, athletic bradycardia, or exercise-induced cardiomegaly is a nonpathological condition commonly seen in sports medicine, in which the human heart is enlarged, and the resting heart rate is lower than normal.
  • Dressler syndrome
    Dressler syndrome is a secondary form of pericarditis that occurs in the setting of injury to the heart or the pericardium (the outer lining of the heart).
  • Mitral insufficiency
    Mitral insufficiency (MI), mitral regurgitation or mitral incompetence is a disorder of the heart in which the mitral valve does not close properly when the heart pumps out blood.
  • Coronary artery dissection
    A coronary artery dissection (also known as spontaneous coronary artery dissection, or SCAD) is a rare, sometimes fatal traumatic condition, with eighty percent of cases affecting women.
  • Asystole
    Asystole, also known as flatline, is a state of no electrical activity from the heart and therefore no blood flow.
  • Myocardial infarction
    Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle.
  • Coronary artery disease
    Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
    Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition in which the heart becomes enlarged and cannot pump blood efficiently.
  • Hemoptysis
    Hemoptysis or haemoptysis is the act of coughing up blood or blood-stained mucus from the bronchi, larynx, trachea, or lungs.
  • Aortic insufficiency
    Aortic insufficiency (AI), also known as aortic regurgitation (AR), is the leaking of the aortic valve of the heart that causes blood to flow in the reverse direction during ventricular diastole, from the aorta into the left ventricle.
  • Aortic stenosis
    Aortic stenosis (AS or AoS) is the narrowing of the exit of the left ventricle of the heart (where the aorta begins), such that problems result.
  • Myocarditis
    Myocarditis, also known as inflammatory cardiomyopathy, is inflammation of the heart muscle.
  • Cardiac asthma
    Cardiac asthma is a medical diagnosis of wheezing, coughing or shortness of breath due to congestive heart failure.
  • Bundle branch block
    A bundle branch block is a defect of the bundle branches or fascicles in the electrical conduction system of the heart.
  • Cardiovascular disease
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
  • Heart failure
    Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
    Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is an inherited heart disease.
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy
    Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is a form of cardiomyopathy in which the walls are rigid, and the heart is restricted from stretching and filling with blood properly.
  • Atrioventricular block
    Atrioventricular block (AV block) is a type of heart block in which the conduction between the atria and ventricles of the heart is impaired.
  • Cardiac tamponade
    Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade, is when fluid in the pericardium (the sac around the heart) builds up and results in compression of the heart.
  • Cardiogenic shock
    Cardiogenic shock is a life-threatening medical condition resulting from an inadequate circulation of blood due to primary failure of the ventricles of the heart to function effectively.
  • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
    Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as stress cardiomyopathy, is a type of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy in which there is a sudden temporary weakening of the muscular portion of the heart.
  • Heart block
    Heart block is a disease or inherited condition that causes a fault within the heart's natural pacemaker due to some kind of obstruction (or "block") in the electrical conduction system of the heart.
  • Myocardial rupture
    Myocardial rupture is a laceration or tearing of the wall of the ventricles or atria of the heart, of the interatrial or interventricular septum, or of the papillary muscles.
  • Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis
    Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is a form of endocarditis in which small sterile vegetations are deposited on the valve leaflets.
  • Keshan disease
    Keshan disease is a congestive cardiomyopathy caused by a combination of dietary deficiency of selenium and the presence of a mutated strain of Coxsackievirus, named after Keshan County of Heilongjiang province, Northeast China, where symptoms were first noted.
  • Timeline of cardiovascular disease
    This is a timeline of cardiovascular disease, focusing on scientific development and major worldwide organizations and events concerning CVD.
  • Idiopathic giant-cell myocarditis
    Idiopathic giant-cell myocarditis (IGCM) is a cardiovascular disease.
  • Heart disease in Australia
    According to the Australian heart disease statistics, heart disease is a major cause of death in Australia (Nichols, 2014).
  • Eisenmenger's syndrome
    Eisenmenger's syndrome (or ES, Eisenmenger's reaction, Eisenmenger physiology, or tardive cyanosis) is defined as the process in which a long-standing left-to-right cardiac shunt caused by a congenital heart defect (typically by a ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, or less commonly, patent ductus arteriosus) causes pulmonary hypertension and eventual reversal of the shunt into a cyanotic right-to-left shunt.
  • Myocardial stunning
    In cardiology, stunned myocardium is a state when some section of the myocardium (corresponding to area of a major coronary occlusion) shows a form of contractile abnormality.
  • Cardiorenal syndrome
    Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is an umbrella term used in the medical field that defines disorders of the heart and kidneys whereby “acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other”.
  • Acute decompensated heart failure
    Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a sudden worsening of the signs and symptoms of heart failure, which typically includes difficulty breathing (dyspnea), leg or feet swelling, and fatigue.
  • Aneurysm of heart
    An aneurysm of heart refers to an aneurysm involving cardiac tissue.
  • Cœur en sabot
    Cœur en sabot, (French for "clog-shaped heart"), is a radiological sign seen most commonly in patients with Tetralogy of Fallot, a cyanotic congenital heart disease.
  • Postpericardiotomy syndrome
    Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) is a medical syndrome referring to an immune phenomenon that occurs days to months (usually 1–6 weeks) after surgical incision of the pericardium (membranes encapsulating the human heart).
  • Diastolic heart failure
    Diastolic heart failure and diastolic dysfunction refer to the decline in performance of one (usually the left ventricle) or both (left and right) ventricles during diastole.
  • Coronary artery aneurysm
    Coronary artery aneurysm is an abnormal dilatation of part of the coronary artery.
  • Coronary thrombosis
    Coronary thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel of the heart.
  • Endocardial fibroelastosis
    Endocardial Fibroelastosis (EFE) is a rare heart disorder usually occurring in children two years old and younger.
  • Subacute bacterial endocarditis
    Subacute bacterial endocarditis (also called endocarditis lenta) is a type of endocarditis (more specifically, infective endocarditis).