Health issues in pregnancy

2017-07-29T17:41:10+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Eclampsia, Gestational hypertension, Toxoplasmosis, Ectopic pregnancy, Gestational diabetes, Stretch marks, Congenital heart defect, Rh disease, Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, Cervical incompetence, World Prematurity Day, Mendelson's syndrome, False pregnancy, Chorangiosis, Morning sickness, Pre-eclampsia, Uterine atony, Anembryonic gestation, Prenatal nutrition, Hypercoagulability in pregnancy, Cervical pregnancy, Abdominal pregnancy, Hyperemesis gravidarum, Eisenmenger's syndrome, Placenta praevia, Asherman's syndrome, Placental site trophoblastic tumor, Chorangioma, Gestational trophoblastic disease, Premature rupture of membranes, Obstetrical bleeding, Placental abruption, Interstitial pregnancy, Diastasis recti, Diastasis symphysis pubis, Drugs in pregnancy, Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy, Group B streptococcal infection, Antepartum haemorrhage, Heterotopic pregnancy, Complications of pregnancy, Fetal-maternal haemorrhage, Ovarian pregnancy, Rho(D) immune globulin, Meconium peritonitis, Placental insufficiency, Placental villous immaturity, Villitis of unknown etiology, Placental site nodule, Foetal cerebral redistribution flashcards Health issues in pregnancy
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  • Eclampsia
    Eclampsia is the onset of seizures (convulsions) in a woman with pre-eclampsia.
  • Gestational hypertension
    Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is the development of new hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20 weeks gestation without the presence of protein in the urine or other signs of preeclampsia.
  • Toxoplasmosis
    Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii.
  • Ectopic pregnancy
    Ectopic pregnancy, also known as eccyesis or tubal pregnancy, is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.
  • Gestational diabetes
    Gestational diabetes also known as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), is when a woman without diabetes, develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
  • Stretch marks
    "Striae" is also a general term referring to thin, narrow grooves or channels, or a thin line or band especially if several of them are parallel or close together.
  • Congenital heart defect
    Congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the structure of the heart that is present at birth.
  • Rh disease
    Rh disease (also known as rhesus isoimmunisation, Rh (D) disease, rhesus incompatibility, rhesus disease, RhD hemolytic disease of the newborn, rhesus D hemolytic disease of the newborn or RhD HDN) is a type of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN).
  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
    Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy.
  • Cervical incompetence
    Cervical incompetence (or cervical insufficiency) is a medical condition in which a pregnant woman's cervix begins to dilate (widen) and efface (thin) before her pregnancy has reached term.
  • World Prematurity Day
    World Prematurity Day is observed on 17 November each year to raise awareness of preterm birth and the concerns of preterm babies and their families worldwide.
  • Mendelson's syndrome
    Mendelson's syndrome is chemical pneumonitis or aspiration pneumonitis caused by aspiration during anaesthesia, especially during pregnancy.
  • False pregnancy
    False pregnancy, phantom pregnancy, or hysterical pregnancy—officially called pseudocyesis in humans and pseudopregnancy in other mammals—is the appearance of clinical or subclinical signs and symptoms associated with pregnancy when the organism is not actually pregnant.
  • Chorangiosis
    Chorangiosis is a placental pathology characterized by an abundance of blood vessels within the chorionic villi.
  • Morning sickness
    Morning sickness, also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a symptom of pregnancy that involves nausea or vomiting.
  • Pre-eclampsia
    Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and a large amount of protein in the urine.
  • Uterine atony
    Uterine atony is a loss of tone in the uterine musculature.
  • Anembryonic gestation
    An anembryonic gestation (also known as a blighted ovum) is a pregnancy in which the very early pregnancy appears normal on an ultrasound scan, but as the pregnancy progresses a visible embryo never develops or develops and is reabsorbed.
  • Prenatal nutrition
    Nutrition and weight management before and during pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants.
  • Hypercoagulability in pregnancy
    Hypercoagulability in pregnancy is the propensity of pregnant women to develop thrombosis (blood clots).
  • Cervical pregnancy
    A Cervical pregnancy is an ectopic pregnancy that has implanted in the uterine endocervix.
  • Abdominal pregnancy
    An abdominal pregnancy can be regarded as a form of an ectopic pregnancy where the embryo or fetus is growing and developing outside the womb in the abdomen, but not in the Fallopian tube, ovary or broad ligament.
  • Hyperemesis gravidarum
    Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a complication of pregnancy that is characterized by severe nausea and vomiting such that weight loss and dehydration occur.
  • Eisenmenger's syndrome
    Eisenmenger's syndrome (or ES, Eisenmenger's reaction, Eisenmenger physiology, or tardive cyanosis) is defined as the process in which a long-standing left-to-right cardiac shunt caused by a congenital heart defect (typically by a ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, or less commonly, patent ductus arteriosus) causes pulmonary hypertension and eventual reversal of the shunt into a cyanotic right-to-left shunt.
  • Placenta praevia
    Placenta previa is an obstetric complication in which the placenta is inserted partially or wholly in the lower uterine segment.
  • Asherman's syndrome
    Asherman syndrome (AS) or Fritsch syndrome, is a condition characterized by adhesions and/or fibrosis of the endometrium particularly but can also affect the myometrium.
  • Placental site trophoblastic tumor
    Placental site trophoblastic tumor is a form of gestational trophoblastic disease, which is thought to arise from intermediate trophoblast.
  • Chorangioma
    A chorangioma is a non-neoplastic, hamartoma-like growth in the placenta consisting of blood vessels.
  • Gestational trophoblastic disease
    Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a term used for a group of pregnancy-related tumours.
  • Premature rupture of membranes
    Premature rupture of membranes (PROM), or pre-labor rupture of membranes, is a condition that can occur in pregnancy.
  • Obstetrical bleeding
    Obstetrical bleeding also known as obstetrical hemorrhage and maternal hemorrhage, refers to heavy bleeding during pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium.
  • Placental abruption
    Placental abruption (also known as abruptio placentae) is a complication of pregnancy, wherein the placental lining has separated from the uterus of the mother prior to delivery.
  • Interstitial pregnancy
    An interstitial pregnancy is a uterine but ectopic pregnancy; the pregnancy is located outside of the uterine cavity in that part of the fallopian tube that penetrates the muscular layer of the uterus.
  • Diastasis recti
    Diastasis recti (also known as abdominal separation) is commonly defined as a gap of roughly 2.
  • Diastasis symphysis pubis
    Diastasis symphysis pubis is the separation of normally joined pubic bones, as in the dislocation of the bones, without a fracture.
  • Drugs in pregnancy
    Drug use during pregnancy can have temporary or permanent effects on the fetus.
  • Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy
    Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy is a chronic disorder characterized by thrombosis in the fetus leading to vascular obliteration and hypoperfusion.
  • Group B streptococcal infection
    Group B streptococcus infection is the infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus agalactiae (S. agalactiae) (also known as group B streptococcus or GBS).
  • Antepartum haemorrhage
    In obstetrics, antepartum haemorrhage (APH), also prepartum hemorrhage, is genital bleeding during pregnancy from the 24th week (sometimes defined as from the 20th week) gestational age to term.
  • Heterotopic pregnancy
    A heterotopic pregnancy is a rare complication of pregnancy in which both extra-uterine (ectopic pregnancy) and intrauterine pregnancy occur simultaneously.
  • Complications of pregnancy
    Complications of pregnancy are health problems that are caused by pregnancy.
  • Fetal-maternal haemorrhage
    Foetal-maternal haemorrhage is the loss of fetal blood cells into the maternal circulation.
  • Ovarian pregnancy
    Ovarian pregnancy refers to an ectopic pregnancy that is located in the ovary.
  • Rho(D) immune globulin
    Rho(D) immune globulin or Rh0(D) immune globulin (letter o and digit zero are both widely attested; more at Rh blood group system - Rh nomenclature) is a medicine given by intramuscular injection that is used to prevent the immunological condition known as Rh disease (or hemolytic disease of newborn).
  • Meconium peritonitis
    Meconium peritonitis refers to rupture of the bowel prior to birth, resulting in fetal stool (meconium) escaping into the surrounding space (peritoneum) leading to inflammation (peritonitis).
  • Placental insufficiency
    Placental insufficiency or Utero-placental insufficiency is insufficient blood flow to the placenta during pregnancy.
  • Placental villous immaturity
    Placental villous immaturity, also villous immaturity and villous dysmaturity, is chorionic villous development that is inappropriate for the gestational age.
  • Villitis of unknown etiology
    Villitis of unknown etiology, abbreviated VUE, is an inflammatory process that involves the chorionic villi (villitis) whose cause (etiology) is not known.
  • Placental site nodule
    A placental site nodule, abbreviated PSN, is benign remnant from a previous pregnancy.
  • Foetal cerebral redistribution
    Foetal cerebral redistribution or 'brain-sparing' is a diagnosis in foetal medicine.