Functional groups

2017-07-27T18:30:24+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Nitrene, Triazene, Nitrate ester, Benzene, Ketone, Methyl group, Nitro compound, Peptide bond, Urea, Azoxy, Enamine, Hydroxylamine, Hydroxamic acid, Nitroamine, Nitroso, Organophosphorus compound, Diol, Nitrosamine, Biuret, Cumulene, Phosphite, Phosphite ester, Aminal, Hydroxy group, Acetyl group, Carbonyl group, Disulfide, Enol ether, Enone, Ylide, Phosphoramide, Cyanimide, Selenenic acid, Nitronium ion, Oxaziridine, Fluorenylidene, Triuret, Sulfinamide flashcards Functional groups
Click to flip
  • Nitrene
    In chemistry, a nitrene (R–N:) is the nitrogen analogue of a carbene.
  • Triazene
    Triazene, also known as triazanylene, is an unsaturated inorganic compound having the chemical formula N3H3.
  • Nitrate ester
    A nitrate ester is the organic functional group with the formula RONO2, where R stands for any organic residue.
  • Benzene
    Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
  • Ketone
    In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) /ˈkiːtoʊn/ is an organic compound with the structure RC(=O)R', where R and R' can be a variety of carbon-containing substituents.
  • Methyl group
    A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
  • Nitro compound
    Nitro compounds are organic compounds that contain one or more nitro functional groups (−NO2).
  • Peptide bond
    A peptide bond (amide bond) is a covalent chemical bond linking two consecutive amino acid monomers along a peptide or protein chain.
  • Urea
    Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with the chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
  • Azoxy
    Azoxy compounds are a group of chemical compounds sharing a common functional group with the general structure RN=N+(O−)R.
  • Enamine
    An enamine is an unsaturated compound derived by the condensation of an aldehyde or ketone with a secondary amine.
  • Hydroxylamine
    Hydroxylamine is an inorganic compound with the formula NH2OH.
  • Hydroxamic acid
    A hydroxamic acid is a class of organic compounds bearing the functional group RC(O)N(OH)R', with R and R' as organic residues and CO as a carbonyl group.
  • Nitroamine
    Nitroamines are organic compounds containing a nitro group bonded to an amine.
  • Nitroso
    Nitroso refers to a functional group in organic chemistry which has the NO group attached to an organic moiety.
  • Organophosphorus compound
    Organophosphorus compounds are organic compounds containing phosphorus.
  • Diol
    A diol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).
  • Nitrosamine
    Nitrosamines are chemical compounds of the chemical structure R1N(–R2)–N=O, that is, a nitroso group bonded to an amine.
  • Biuret
    Biuret is a chemical compound with the chemical formula C2H5N3O2.
  • Cumulene
    A cumulene is a hydrocarbon with three or more cumulative (consecutive) double bonds.
  • Phosphite
    A phosphite in inorganic chemistry is a salt of phosphorous acid, H3PO3 and following the IUPAC naming recommendations the phosphite ion would be PO3−3, a salt of P(OH)3.
  • Phosphite ester
    In chemistry a phosphite ester or organophosphite is a type of organophosphorous compound with the general structure P(OR)3.
  • Aminal
    An aminal or aminoacetal is a functional group or type of organic compound that has two amine groups attached to the same carbon atom: -C(NR2)(NR2)-.
  • Hydroxy group
    A hydroxyl or hydroxy group is a chemical functional group containing one oxygen atom connected by a covalent bond to one hydrogen atom (−OH).
  • Acetyl group
    In organic chemistry, acetyl is a functional group, the acyl with chemical formula CH3CO.
  • Carbonyl group
    In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C=O.
  • Disulfide
    In chemistry and biology a disulfide refers to a functional group with the general structure R–S–S–R'.
  • Enol ether
    An enol ether is an alkene with an alkoxy substituent.
  • Enone
    An enone, also called an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl, is a type of organic compound consisting of an alkene conjugated to a ketone.
  • Ylide
    An ylide or ylid (/ˈɪlɪd/ or /ˈɪlaɪd/) is a neutral dipolar molecule containing a formally negatively charged atom (usually a carbanion) directly attached to a heteroatom with a formal positive charge (usually nitrogen, phosphorus or sulfur), and in which both atoms have full octets of electrons.
  • Phosphoramide
    Phosphoramide is a chemical compound with the molecular formula P(=O)(NH2)3.
  • Cyanimide
    Cyanimides are a group of chemical compounds sharing a common functional group with the general structure R1R2N-C N.
  • Selenenic acid
    A selenenic acid is an organoselenium compound and an oxoacid with the general formula RSeOH, where R ≠ H.
  • Nitronium ion
    The nitronium ion, NO+2, is a cation.
  • Oxaziridine
    An oxaziridine is an organic molecule that features a three-membered heterocycle containing oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon.
  • Fluorenylidene
    9-Fluorenylidene is an aryl carbene derived from the bridging methylene group of fluorene.
  • Triuret
    Triuret is an organic compound with the formula (H2NC(O)NH)2CO.
  • Sulfinamide
    Sulfinamide is a functional group in organic chemistry containing a sulfur-oxygen double bond and a sulfur-nitrogen single bond.