Foreign exchange market

2017-07-28T19:53:44+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Bretton Woods system, Exchange rate, Currency swap, Carry (investment), Foreign exchange risk, Impossible trinity, Margin (finance), Floating exchange rate, Tobin tax, World currency, Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, International monetary systems, Rollover (finance), Foreign exchange company, Foreign exchange swap, Forward exchange rate, Retail foreign exchange trading, Spahn tax flashcards Foreign exchange market
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  • Bretton Woods system
    The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia and Japan in the mid-20th century.
  • Exchange rate
    In finance, an exchange rate (also known as a foreign-exchange rate, forex rate, ER, FX rate or Agio) between two currencies is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged for another.
  • Currency swap
    A currency swap (or a cross currency swap) is a foreign exchange derivative between two institutions to exchange the principal and/or interest payments of a loan in one currency for equivalent amounts, in net present value terms, in another currency.
  • Carry (investment)
    The carry of an asset is the return obtained from holding it (if positive), or the cost of holding it (if negative) (see also Cost of carry).
  • Foreign exchange risk
    Foreign exchange risk (also known as FX risk, exchange rate risk or currency risk) is a financial risk that exists when a financial transaction is denominated in a currency other than that of the base currency of the company.
  • Impossible trinity
    The Impossible trinity (also known as the Trilemma) is a trilemma in international economics which states that it is impossible to have all three of the following at the same time: * A fixed foreign exchange rate * Free capital movement (absence of capital controls) * An independent monetary policy It is both a hypothesis based on the uncovered interest rate parity condition, and a finding from empirical studies where governments that have tried to simultaneously pursue all three goals have failed.
  • Margin (finance)
    In finance, margin is collateral that the holder of a financial instrument has to deposit with a counterparty (most often their broker or an exchange) to cover some or all of the credit risk the holder poses for the counterparty.
  • Floating exchange rate
    (See also: List of countries with floating currencies) A floating exchange rate or fluctuating exchange rate is a type of exchange-rate regime in which a currency's value is allowed to fluctuate in response to foreign-exchange market mechanisms.
  • Tobin tax
    A Tobin tax, suggested by Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences Laureate economist James Tobin, was originally defined as a tax on all spot conversions of one currency into another.
  • World currency
    In the foreign exchange market and international finance, a world currency, supranational currency, or global currency refers to a currency that is transacted internationally, with no set borders.
  • Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
    The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Pub.L. 111–203, H.R. 4173; commonly referred to as Dodd–Frank) was signed into federal law by President Barack Obama on July 21, 2010.
  • International monetary systems
    International monetary systems are sets of internationally agreed rules, conventions and supporting institutions, that facilitate international trade, cross border investment and generally the reallocation of capital between nation states.
  • Rollover (finance)
    In foreign exchange trading (FX), a rollover is the action taking place at end of day, where all open positions with value date equals SPOT, will be rolled over to the next business day.
  • Foreign exchange company
    A non-bank foreign exchange company also known as foreign exchange broker or simply forex broker is a company that offers currency exchange and international payments to private individuals and companies.
  • Foreign exchange swap
    In finance, a foreign exchange swap, forex swap, or FX swap is a simultaneous purchase and sale of identical amounts of one currency for another with two different value dates (normally spot to forward) and may utilize foreign exchange derivatives.
  • Forward exchange rate
    The forward exchange rate (also referred to as forward rate or forward price) is the exchange rate at which a bank agrees to exchange one currency for another at a future date when it enters into a forward contract with an investor.
  • Retail foreign exchange trading
    Retail foreign exchange trading is a small segment of the larger foreign exchange market where individuals speculate on the exchange rate between different currencies.
  • Spahn tax
    A Spahn tax is a type of currency transaction tax that is meant to be used for the purpose of controlling exchange-rate volatility.