Epilepsy

2017-07-30T04:57:43+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Hippocampal sclerosis, MERRF syndrome, Trismus, Aura (symptom), Rasmussen's encephalitis, Status epilepticus, Absence seizure, Epilepsy, Temporal lobe epilepsy, Ictal, Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, Complex partial status epilepticus, Epileptic seizure, Dravet syndrome, Corpus callosotomy flashcards Epilepsy
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  • Hippocampal sclerosis
    Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is a neuropathological condition with severe neuronal cell loss and gliosis in the hippocampus, specifically in the CA-1 (Cornu Ammonis area 1) and subiculum of the hippocampus.
  • MERRF syndrome
    MERRF syndrome (or Myoclonic Epilepsy with Ragged Red Fibers) is a mitochondrial disease.
  • Trismus
    Trismus, or Lockjaw, refers to reduced opening of the jaws caused by spasm of the muscles of mastication, or more generally to any instance limited mouth opening stemming from a variety of causes.
  • Aura (symptom)
    An aura is a perceptual disturbance experienced by some with migraines or seizures before either the headache or seizure begins.
  • Rasmussen's encephalitis
    Rasmussen's encephalitis, also known as chronic focal encephalitis (CFE), is a rare inflammatory neurological disease, characterized by frequent and severe seizures, loss of motor skills and speech, hemiparesis (paralysis on one side of the body), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and dementia.
  • Status epilepticus
    Status epilepticus (SE) is an epileptic seizure of greater than five minutes or more than one seizure within a five-minute period without the person returning to normal between them.
  • Absence seizure
    Absence seizures are one of several kinds of seizures.
  • Epilepsy
    Epilepsy is a group of neurological diseases characterized by epileptic seizures.
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy
    Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a chronic disorder of the nervous system characterized by recurrent, unprovoked focal seizures (also known as partial seizures) that originate in the temporal lobe of the brain and last about one or two minutes.
  • Ictal
    Ictal refers to a physiologic state or event such as a seizure, stroke, or headache.
  • Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
    Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a fatal complication of epilepsy.
  • Complex partial status epilepticus
    Complex partial status epilepticus (CPSE) is one of the non-convulsive forms of status epilepticus, a rare form of epilepsy defined by its recurrent nature.
  • Epileptic seizure
    An epileptic seizure (colloquially a fit) is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
  • Dravet syndrome
    Dravet syndrome, also known as severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI), is a type of epilepsy with seizures that are often triggered by hot temperatures or fever.
  • Corpus callosotomy
    Corpus callosotomy is a palliative surgical procedure for the treatment of seizures.