Epidemiology

2017-07-27T21:38:05+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Mosquito net, Advanced case management, Disease, Endemic (epidemiology), Epizootic, Transmission (medicine), Newborn screening, Infection, Mortality rate, Sterilization (microbiology), Zoonosis, Case fatality rate, Rare disease, Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, Pontiac fever, Coinfection, Prevalence of teenage pregnancy, Transmission and infection of H5N1, Late effect, International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases, Epidemiology of motor vehicle collisions, Hemagglutinin (influenza), Epidemiology of domestic violence, Length time bias, 2015–16 Zika virus epidemic, Diseases of poverty, Pesticide poisoning, Diseases of affluence, Attack rate, Herd immunity, Hygiene hypothesis, Epidemiology of obesity, Vitreomacular adhesion, Contact immunity, Syndrome Without A Name, 100,000 Genomes Project, Regression (medicine), Epidemiology of snakebites, Epidemiology of representations, Epidemiology of suicide, Neonatal infection, Epidemiology of childhood obesity, 100K Genome Project flashcards Epidemiology
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  • Mosquito net
    A mosquito net offers protection against mosquitos, flies, and other insects, and thus against the diseases they may carry.
  • Advanced case management
    Advanced case management (ACM), also known as dynamic or adaptive case management, refers to the coordination of a service request in finance, health, legal, citizen or human resources-related matters, on behalf of a subject such as a customer, a citizen, or an employee.
  • Disease
    A disease is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism.
  • Endemic (epidemiology)
    In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is maintained in the population without the need for external inputs.
  • Epizootic
    In epizoology, an epizootic (from Greek: epi- upon + zoon animal) is a disease event in a nonhuman animal population, analogous to an epidemic in humans.
  • Transmission (medicine)
    In medicine, public health, and biology, transmission is the passing of a pathogen causing communicable disease from an infected host individual or group to a particular individual or group, regardless of whether the other individual was previously infected.
  • Newborn screening
    Newborn screening is a public health program of screening in infants shortly after birth for a list of conditions that are treatable, but not clinically evident in the newborn period.
  • Infection
    Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce.
  • Mortality rate
    Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
  • Sterilization (microbiology)
    Sterilization (or sterilisation) referring to any process that eliminates (removes) or kills (deactivates) all forms of life and other biological agents (such as prions, as well as viruses which some do not consider to be alive but are biological pathogens nonetheless), including transmissible agents (such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, prions, spore forms, unicellular eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium, etc.) present in a specified region, such as a surface, a volume of fluid, medication, or in a compound such as biological culture media.
  • Zoonosis
    Zoonoses (/ˌzoʊ.əˈnoʊsᵻs/, plural -/ˈnoʊsiz/, also spelled zoönoses; singular zoonosis (or zoönosis); from Greek: ζῷον zoon "animal" and νόσος nosos "sickness") are infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can naturally be transmitted to humans.
  • Case fatality rate
    In epidemiology, a case fatality rate (CFR) — or case fatality risk, case fatality ratio or just fatality rate — is the proportion of deaths within a designated population of "cases" (people with a medical condition), over the course of the disease.
  • Rare disease
    A rare disease is any disease that affects a small percentage of the population.
  • Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS
    HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic.
  • Pontiac fever
    Pontiac fever is an acute, nonfatal respiratory disease caused by various species of Gram-negative bacteria in the genus Legionella.
  • Coinfection
    In parasitology, coinfection /ˌkoʊɪnˈfɛkʃən/ is the simultaneous infection of a host by multiple pathogen species.
  • Prevalence of teenage pregnancy
    Industrialized and developing countries have distinctly different rates of teenage pregnancy.
  • Transmission and infection of H5N1
    Transmission and infection of H5N1 from infected avian sources to humans has been a concern since the first documented case of human infection in 1997, due to the global spread of H5N1 that constitutes a pandemic threat.
  • Late effect
    In medicine, a late effect is a condition that appears after the acute phase of an earlier, causal condition has run its course.
  • International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases
    The ICEID or International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases is a conference for public health professionals on the subject of emerging infectious diseases.
  • Epidemiology of motor vehicle collisions
    Worldwide it was estimated that 1.
  • Hemagglutinin (influenza)
    Influenza hemagglutinin (HA) or haemagglutinin (British English) is a glycoprotein found on the surface of influenza viruses.
  • Epidemiology of domestic violence
    Domestic violence occurs across the world, in various cultures, and affects people across society, irrespective of economic status.
  • Length time bias
    Length time bias is a form of selection bias, a statistical distortion of results that can lead to incorrect conclusions about the data.
  • 2015–16 Zika virus epidemic
    As of mid-2016, a widespread epidemic of Zika fever, caused by the Zika virus, is ongoing in the Americas and the Pacific.
  • Diseases of poverty
    Diseases of poverty is a term sometimes used to collectively describe diseases, disabilities, and health conditions that are more prevalent among the poor than among wealthier people.
  • Pesticide poisoning
    A pesticide poisoning occurs when chemicals intended to control a pest affect non-target organisms such as humans, wildlife, or bees.
  • Diseases of affluence
    Diseases of affluence is a term sometimes given to selected diseases and other health conditions which are commonly thought to be a result of increasing wealth in a society.
  • Attack rate
    In epidemiology, the attack rate is the biostatistical measure of frequency of morbidity, or speed of spread, in an at risk population.
  • Herd immunity
    Herd immunity (also called herd effect, community immunity, population immunity, or social immunity) is a form of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a large percentage of a population has become immune to an infection, thereby providing a measure of protection for individuals who are not immune.
  • Hygiene hypothesis
    In medicine, the hygiene hypothesis is a hypothesis that states that a lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents, symbiotic microorganisms (such as the gut flora or probiotics), and parasites increases susceptibility to allergic diseases by suppressing the natural development of the immune system.
  • Epidemiology of obesity
    Obesity has been observed throughout human history.
  • Vitreomacular adhesion
    Vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) is a human medical condition where the vitreous gel (or simply vitreous) of the human eye adheres to the retina in an abnormally strong manner.
  • Contact immunity
    Contact immunity is the property of some vaccines, where a vaccinated individual can confer immunity upon unimmunized individuals through contact with bodily fluids or excrement.
  • Syndrome Without A Name
    Syndrome Without A Name (SWAN) is the name given to any pathological set of symptoms that does not represent any of the known diseases.
  • 100,000 Genomes Project
    The 100,000 Genomes Project is a UK Government project that is sequencing whole genomes from National Health Service patients.
  • Regression (medicine)
    Regression in medicine is a characteristic of diseases to show lighter symptoms without completely disappearing.
  • Epidemiology of snakebites
    Most snakebites are caused by non-venomous snakes.
  • Epidemiology of representations
    Epidemiology of representations, or cultural epidemiology, provides a conceptual framework for explaining cultural phenomena by how mental representations get distributed within a population.
  • Epidemiology of suicide
    An estimated 1 million people worldwide take their lives by suicide every year.
  • Neonatal infection
    Neonatal infections are infections of the neonate (newborn) during the neonatal period or first four weeks after birth.
  • Epidemiology of childhood obesity
    Prevalence of childhood obesity has increased dramatically worldwide.
  • 100K Genome Project
    The 100K Pathogen Genome Project was launched in July 2012 by Bart Weimer (UC Davis) as an academic, public, and private partnership.