Environmental law

2017-07-30T03:50:15+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Ecotax, Natural landscape, Persistent organic pollutant, CITES, Environmental impact assessment, Kyoto Protocol, Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, United Nations Environment Programme, Volatile organic compound, Carbon tax, Air quality law, Common heritage of mankind, Public trust doctrine flashcards Environmental law
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  • Ecotax
    An Ecotax (short for ecological taxation) is a tax levied on activities which are considered to be harmful to the environment and is intended to promote environmentally friendly activities via economic incentives.
  • Natural landscape
    A natural landscape is the original landscape that exists before it is acted upon by human culture.
  • Persistent organic pollutant
    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.
  • CITES
    CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals.
  • Environmental impact assessment
    Environmental assessment<section begin=overview /> (EA) is the term used for the assessment of the environmental consequences (positive and negative) of a plan, policy, program, or concrete projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action.
  • Kyoto Protocol
    The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty which extends the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that commits State Parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the premise that (a) global warming exists and (b) human-made CO2 emissions have caused it.
  • Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
    The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, often shortened to Rio Declaration, was a short document produced at the 1992 United Nations "Conference on Environment and Development" (UNCED), informally known as the Earth Summit.
  • United Nations Environment Programme
    The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
  • Volatile organic compound
    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
  • Carbon tax
    A carbon tax is a tax levied on the carbon content of fuels.
  • Air quality law
    Air quality laws<section begin=overview /> govern the emission of air pollutants into the atmosphere.
  • Common heritage of mankind
    Common heritage of mankind (also termed the common heritage of humanity, common heritage of humankind or common heritage principle) is a principle of international law which holds that defined territorial areas and elements of humanity's common heritage (cultural and natural) should be held in trust for future generations and be protected from exploitation by individual nation states or corporations.
  • Public trust doctrine
    The public trust doctrine is the principle that the sovereign holds in trust for public use some resources such as shoreline between the high and low tide lines, regardless of private property ownership.