Endocrine diseases

2017-07-27T18:48:34+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Goitre, Adiposogenital dystrophy, Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome, Gynecomastia, Postorgasmic illness syndrome, Graves' disease, Metabolic syndrome, Diabetes insipidus, Gigantism, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Pheochromocytoma, Hirsutism, Androgen insensitivity syndrome, Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2, Hyperprolactinaemia, Liddle's syndrome, XY gonadal dysgenesis, Cushing's syndrome, Dwarfism, Endemic goitre, Hypogonadism, Hypertrichosis, Osteoporosis, Thyroid adenoma, Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1, Hyperaldosteronism, Cushing's disease, XX male syndrome, Adrenal insufficiency, Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome, Virilization, Pickardt syndrome, Morgagni Stewart Morel syndrome, Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome, Adipsia, Familial hyperaldosteronism, POEMS syndrome, Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, Hyperphenylalaninemia, Pseudo-Cushing's syndrome, Achard–Thiers syndrome, Autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets, Idiopathic short stature flashcards Endocrine diseases
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  • Goitre
    A goitre (British English) or goiter (American English) (from the Latin gutteria, struma) is a swelling of the neck or larynx resulting from enlargement of the thyroid gland (thyromegaly), associated with a thyroid gland that is not functioning properly.
  • Adiposogenital dystrophy
    Adiposogenital dystrophy is a condition which may be caused by tertiary hypogonadism originating from decreased levels in GnRH.
  • Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome
    Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS) is a condition that results in the partial inability of the cell to respond to androgens.
  • Gynecomastia
    Gynecomastia is a common disorder of the endocrine system in which there is a non-cancerous increase in the size of male breast tissue.
  • Postorgasmic illness syndrome
    In men, postorgasmic illness syndrome (POIS) is a rare disease which, immediately following ejaculation, can cause severe muscle pain throughout the body, as well as other symptoms which can be cognitive, psychological, or physiological.
  • Graves' disease
    Graves' disease, also known as toxic diffuse goiter, is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid.
  • Metabolic syndrome
    Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by , is a clustering of at least three of the five (unfold into nine combination) following medical conditions: * abdominal (central) obesity (cf. TOFI) * elevated blood pressure * elevated fasting plasma glucose * high serum triglycerides * low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels Metabolic syndrome is associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
  • Diabetes insipidus
    Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a condition characterized by excessive thirst and excretion of large amounts of severely dilute urine, with reduction of fluid intake having no effect on the concentration of the urine.
  • Gigantism
    Gigantism, also known as giantism (from Greek γίγας gigas, "giant", plural γίγαντες gigantes), is a condition characterized by excessive growth and height significantly above average.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in women.
  • Pheochromocytoma
    A pheochromocytoma (from Greek phaios "dark", chroma "color", kytos "cell", -oma "tumor") or phaeochromocytoma (PCC) is a neuroendocrine tumor of the medulla of the adrenal glands (originating in the chromaffin cells), or extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue that failed to involute after birth, that secretes high amounts of catecholamines, mostly norepinephrine, plus epinephrine to a lesser extent.
  • Hirsutism
    Hirsutism is excessive body hair in women on parts of the body where hair is normally absent or minimal, such as on the chin or chest.
  • Androgen insensitivity syndrome
    Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a condition that results in the partial or complete inability of the cell to respond to androgens.
  • Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2
    Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2, a form of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome also known as Schmidt's syndrome, or APS-II, is the most common form of the polyglandular failure syndromes.
  • Hyperprolactinaemia
    Hyperprolactinaemia or hyperprolactinemia is the presence of abnormally high levels of prolactin in the blood.
  • Liddle's syndrome
    Liddle's syndrome, also called Liddle syndrome and pseudohyperaldosteronism, is a genetic disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant manner that is characterized by early, and frequently severe, high blood pressure associated with low plasma renin activity, metabolic alkalosis, low blood potassium, and normal to low levels of aldosterone.
  • XY gonadal dysgenesis
    Swyer syndrome, or XY gonadal dysgenesis, is a type of hypogonadism in a person whose karyotype is 46,XY.
  • Cushing's syndrome
    Cushing's syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms due to prolonged exposure to cortisol.
  • Dwarfism
    Dwarfism occurs when an organism is short in stature from a medical condition that caused slow growth.
  • Endemic goitre
    Endemic goitre is a type of goitre that is associated with dietary iodine deficiency.
  • Hypogonadism
    Hypogonadism means diminished functional activity of the gonads—the testes in males or the ovaries in females—that may result in diminished sex hormone biosynthesis.
  • Hypertrichosis
    Hypertrichosis (also called Ambras syndrome) is an abnormal amount of hair growth over the body; extensive cases of hypertrichosis have informally been called werewolf syndrome, because the appearance is similar to the mythical werewolf.
  • Osteoporosis
    Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone.
  • Thyroid adenoma
    A thyroid adenoma is a benign tumor of the thyroid gland.
  • Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1
    Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1), also known as autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis–ectodermal dystrophy/dysplasia (APECED), autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1, Whitaker syndrome, or candidiasis-hypoparathyroidism–Addison's disease syndrome, is a subtype of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome (autoimmune polyglandular syndrome) in which multiple endocrine glands dysfunction as a result of autoimmunity.
  • Hyperaldosteronism
    Hyperaldosteronism, also aldosteronism, is a medical condition wherein too much aldosterone is produced by the adrenal glands, which can lead to lowered levels of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia) and increased hydrogen ion excretion (alkalosis).
  • Cushing's disease
    Cushing's disease is a cause of Cushing's syndrome characterised by increased secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the anterior pituitary (secondary hypercortisolism).
  • XX male syndrome
    XX male syndrome (also called de la Chapelle syndrome, for Albert de la Chapelle, who characterized it in 1972) is a rare sex chromosomal disorder.
  • Adrenal insufficiency
    Adrenal insufficiency is a condition in which the adrenal glands do not produce adequate amounts of steroid hormones, primarily cortisol; but may also include impaired production of aldosterone (a mineralocorticoid), which regulates sodium conservation, potassium secretion, and water retention.
  • Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome
    In medicine, autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes (APSs), also called autoimmune polyglandular syndromes (APSs), polyglandular autoimmune syndromes (PGASs), or polyendocrine autoimmune syndromes, are a heterogeneous group of rare diseases characterized by autoimmune activity against more than one endocrine organ, although non-endocrine organs can be affected.
  • Virilization
    Virilization or masculinization is the biological development of sex differences, changes that make a male body different from a female body.
  • Pickardt syndrome
    Pickardt syndrome (also Pickardt's syndrome or Pickardt–Fahlbusch syndrome) denotes a rare form of tertiary hypothyroidism that is caused by interruption of the portal veins connecting hypothalamus and pituitary.
  • Morgagni Stewart Morel syndrome
    Morgagni Stewart Morel syndrome (metabolic craniopathy ) is a condition with a wide range of associated endocrine problems including: diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and hyperparathyroidism.
  • Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome
    Cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) is a rare endocrine condition featuring a low blood sodium concentration and dehydration in response to trauma/injury or the presence of tumors in or surrounding the brain.
  • Adipsia
    Adipsia, also known as hypodipsia, is a symptom of inappropriately decreased or absent feelings of thirst.
  • Familial hyperaldosteronism
    Familial hyperaldosteronism is a group of inherited conditions in which the adrenal glands, which are small glands located on top of each kidney, produce too much of the hormone aldosterone.
  • POEMS syndrome
    POEMS syndrome (also known as Crow–Fukase syndrome, Takatsuki disease, or PEP syndrome) is a rare medical syndrome.
  • Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome
    Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS, also known as postural tachycardia syndrome) is a condition in which a change from the supine position to an upright position causes an abnormally large increase in heart rate, called tachycardia.
  • Hyperphenylalaninemia
    Hyperphenylalaninemia is a medical condition characterized by mildly or strongly elevated concentrations of the amino acid phenylalanine in the blood.
  • Pseudo-Cushing's syndrome
    Pseudo-Cushing's syndrome is a medical condition in which patients display the signs, symptoms, and abnormal hormone levels seen in Cushing's syndrome.
  • Achard–Thiers syndrome
    Achard–Thiers syndrome combines the features of Adrenogenital syndrome and Cushing syndrome.
  • Autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets
    Autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets (ADHR) is a rare hereditary disease in which excessive loss of phosphate in the urine leads to poorly formed bones (rickets), bone pain, and tooth abscesses.
  • Idiopathic short stature
    Idiopathic short stature (ISS) refers to extreme short stature that does not have a diagnostic explanation (idiopathic designates a condition that is unexplained or not understood) after an ordinary growth evaluation.