Electromagnetic radiation

2017-07-27T19:56:18+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Black body, Bremsstrahlung, Cherenkov radiation, Cosmic microwave background, Radio wave, X-ray, Electromagnetic pulse, Directed-energy weapon, Aberration of light, Thermal radiation, Variable speed of light, Gaussian beam, Magnetic core, Black-body radiation, Transverse mode, QED vacuum, Nuclear electromagnetic pulse, Operation Fishbowl, Opacity (optics), Cloak of invisibility flashcards Electromagnetic radiation
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  • Black body
    A black body is an idealized physical body that absorbs all incident electromagnetic radiation, regardless of frequency or angle of incidence.
  • Bremsstrahlung
    Bremsstrahlung (German pronunciation: [ˈbʁɛmsˌʃtʁaːlʊŋ] , from bremsen "to brake" and Strahlung "radiation"; i.e., "braking radiation" or "deceleration radiation") is electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle when deflected by another charged particle, typically an electron by an atomic nucleus.
  • Cherenkov radiation
    Cherenkov radiation, also known as Vavilov–Cherenkov radiation, is electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle (such as an electron) passes through a dielectric medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium.
  • Cosmic microwave background
    The cosmic microwave background (CMB) is the thermal radiation left over from the time of recombination in Big Bang cosmology.
  • Radio wave
    Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light.
  • X-ray
    X-radiation (composed of X-rays) is a form of electromagnetic radiation.
  • Electromagnetic pulse
    An electromagnetic pulse (EMP), also sometimes called a transient electromagnetic disturbance, is a short burst of electromagnetic energy.
  • Directed-energy weapon
    A directed-energy weapon (DEW) emits highly focused energy, transferring that energy to a target to damage it.
  • Aberration of light
    The aberration of light (also referred to as astronomical aberration or stellar aberration) is an astronomical phenomenon which produces an apparent motion of celestial objects about their locations dependent on the velocity of the observer.
  • Thermal radiation
    Thermal radiation is electromagnetic radiation generated by the thermal motion of charged particles in matter.
  • Variable speed of light
    Variable speed of light (VSL) refers to a family of hypotheses stating that the speed of light in vacuum, usually denoted by c, may in some way not be constant, e.
  • Gaussian beam
    In optics, a Gaussian beam is a beam of monochromatic electromagnetic radiation whose transverse magnetic and electric field amplitude profiles are given by the Gaussian function; this also implies a Gaussian intensity (irradiance) profile.
  • Magnetic core
    A magnetic core is a piece of magnetic material with a high magnetic permeability used to confine and guide magnetic fields in electrical, electromechanical and magnetic devices such as electromagnets, transformers, electric motors, generators, inductors, magnetic recording heads, and magnetic assemblies.
  • Black-body radiation
    Black-body radiation is the type of electromagnetic radiation within or surrounding a body in thermodynamic equilibrium with its environment, or emitted by a black body (an opaque and non-reflective body), assumed for the sake of calculations and theory to be held at constant, uniform temperature.
  • Transverse mode
    A transverse mode of electromagnetic radiation is a particular electromagnetic field pattern of radiation measured in a plane perpendicular (i.e., transverse) to the propagation direction of the beam.
  • QED vacuum
    The quantum electrodynamic vacuum or QED vacuum is the field-theoretic vacuum of quantum electrodynamics.
  • Nuclear electromagnetic pulse
    An electromagnetic pulse (commonly abbreviated as EMP, pronounced /iː.ɛm.piː/) is a burst of electromagnetic radiation.
  • Operation Fishbowl
    Operation Fishbowl was a series of high-altitude nuclear tests in 1962 that were carried out by the United States as a part of the larger Operation Dominic nuclear test program.
  • Opacity (optics)
    Opacity is the measure of impenetrability to electromagnetic or other kinds of radiation, especially visible light.
  • Cloak of invisibility
    A cloak of invisibility is a fictional theme and a device under some scientific inquiry.