Early musical instruments

2017-07-29T11:43:14+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Kantele, Mandolin, Spinet, Cittern, Jew's harp, Arpeggione, Naqareh, Oud, Clavichord, Cornett, Hurdy-gurdy, Chalumeau, Tambourine, Pan flute, Lyre, Triangle (musical instrument), Regal (instrument), Ocarina, Recorder (musical instrument), Shawm, Gittern, Tromba marina, Archlute, Hammered dulcimer, Mandore (instrument), Crumhorn, Fife (instrument), Gemshorn, Chitarra Italiana flashcards Early musical instruments
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  • Kantele
    A kantele (Finnish: [ˈkɑntele]) or harppu (in Sami) is a traditional plucked string instrument of the dulcimer and zither family native to Finland and Karelia.
  • Mandolin
    A mandolin (Italian: mandolino pronounced [mandoˈliːno]; literally "small mandola") is a musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".
  • Spinet
    A spinet is a smaller type of harpsichord or other keyboard instrument, such as a piano or organ.
  • Cittern
    The cittern or cithren (Fr. cistre, It. cetra, Ger. zitter, zither, Sp. cistro, cedra, cítola) is a stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance.
  • Jew's harp
    The Jew's harp, also known as the jaw harp, mouth harp, Ozark harp or juice harp, is a lamellophone instrument, which is in the category of plucked idiophones: it consists of a flexible metal or bamboo tongue or reed attached to a frame.
  • Arpeggione
    The arpeggione is a six-stringed musical instrument, fretted and tuned like a guitar, but bowed like a cello, and thus similar to the bass viola da gamba.
  • Naqareh
    The naqqāra, nagara or nagada is a Middle Eastern and Indian drum with a rounded back and a hide head, usually played in pairs.
  • Oud
    The oud (/uːd/) is a pear-shaped stringed instrument with 11 or 13 strings grouped in 5 or 6 courses, commonly used in Persian, Arabic, Greek, Turkish, Jewish, Byzantine, Azerbaijani, Armenian, North African (Chaabi, Classical, and Spanish Andalusian), Somali and Middle Eastern music.
  • Clavichord
    The clavichord is a European stringed keyboard instrument known from the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras.
  • Cornett
    The cornett, cornetto, or zink is an early wind instrument that dates from the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque periods, popular from 1500 to 1650.
  • Hurdy-gurdy
    The hurdy-gurdy is a stringed instrument that produces sound by a crank-turned, rosined wheel rubbing against the strings.
  • Chalumeau
    This article is about the historical musical instrument.
  • Tambourine
    The tambourine is a musical instrument in the percussion family consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles, called "zils".
  • Pan flute
    The pan flutes (also known as panpipes) are a group of musical instruments based on the principle of the closed tube, consisting of multiple pipes of gradually increasing length (and occasionally girth).
  • Lyre
    The lyre (Greek: λύρα, lýra) is a string instrument known for its use in Greek classical antiquity and later periods.
  • Triangle (musical instrument)
    On a triangle instrument, one of the angles is left open, with the ends of the bar not quite touching.
  • Regal (instrument)
    The regal was a small portable organ, furnished with beating reeds and having two bellows.
  • Ocarina
    The ocarina /ɒkəˈriːnə/ or /oʊkəˈriːnə/ is an ancient wind musical instrument—a type of vessel flute.
  • Recorder (musical instrument)
    The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument in the group known as internal duct flutes—flutes with a whistle mouthpiece.
  • Shawm
    The shawm is a conical bore, double-reed woodwind instrument made in Europe from the 12th century to the present day.
  • Gittern
    The gittern was a relatively small gut strung round-backed instrument that first appears in literature and pictorial representation during the 13th century in Western Europe (Iberian Peninsula, Italy, France, England).
  • Tromba marina
    A tromba marina, or marine trumpet (Fr. trompette marine; Ger. Marientrompete, Trompetengeige, Nonnengeige or Trumscheit, Pol. tubmaryna) is a triangular bowed string instrument used in medieval and Renaissance Europe that was highly popular in the 15th century in England and survived into the 18th century.
  • Archlute
    The archlute (Spanish archilaúd, Italian arciliuto, German Erzlaute, Russian Архилютня) is a European plucked string instrument developed around 1600 as a compromise between the very large theorbo, the size and re-entrant tuning of which made for difficulties in the performance of solo music, and the Renaissance tenor lute, which lacked the bass range of the theorbo.
  • Hammered dulcimer
    The hammered dulcimer is a percussion instrument and stringed instrument with the strings typically stretched over a trapezoidal sounding board.
  • Mandore (instrument)
    The mandore is a musical instrument, a small member of the lute family, teardrop shaped, with four, six courses of gut strings and pitched in the treble range.
  • Crumhorn
    The crumhorn is a musical instrument of the woodwind family, most commonly used during the Renaissance period.
  • Fife (instrument)
    A fife /ˈfaɪf/ is a small, high-pitched, transverse flute, that is similar to the piccolo, but louder and shriller due to its narrower bore.
  • Gemshorn
    The gemshorn is an instrument of the ocarina family that was historically made from the horn of a chamois, goat, or other suitable animal.
  • Chitarra Italiana
    Chitarra Italiana (Italian: [kiˈtarra itaˈljaːna]; 'Italian guitar') is a lute-shaped plucked instrument with 4 or 5 single (sometimes double) strings, in a tuning similar to that of the guitar.