DNA replication

2017-07-30T05:54:32+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Single-stranded binding protein, DNA polymerase, Telomerase, DNA clamp, DNA gyrase, Helicase, Taq polymerase, Retinoblastoma protein, DnaB helicase, Repressor lexA, DnaE, DnaH, DnaI, DnaS, Nucleic acid nomenclature, DNA ligase, Cdc6, DnaD, Single-strand DNA-binding protein, DnaA, T7 DNA polymerase, Minichromosome maintenance, Pwo DNA polymerase, Vent DNA polymerase, HolA, HolC, HolE, DnaX flashcards DNA replication
Click to flip
  • Single-stranded binding protein
    Single-stranded binding proteins (not to be confused with the E. coli protein, Single-strand DNA-binding protein, SSB) are a class of proteins that have been identified in both viruses and organisms from bacteria to humans.
  • DNA polymerase
    In molecular biology, DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks of DNA.
  • Telomerase
    Telomerase, also called terminal transferase, is a ribonucleoprotein that adds a species-dependent telomere repeat sequence to the 3' end of telomeres.
  • DNA clamp
    A DNA clamp, also known as a sliding clamp, is a protein fold that serves as a processivity-promoting factor in DNA replication.
  • DNA gyrase
    The unique ability of gyrase to introduce negative supercoils into DNA is what allows bacterial DNA to have free negative supercoils.
  • Helicase
    Helicases are a class of enzymes vital to all living organisms.
  • Taq polymerase
    Taq polymerase /ˌtæk ˈpɒlᵻməreɪz/ is a thermostable DNA polymerase named after the thermophilic bacterium Thermus aquaticus from which it was originally isolated by Chien et al.
  • Retinoblastoma protein
    The retinoblastoma protein (protein name abbreviated pRb; gene name abbreviated RB or RB1) is a tumor suppressor protein that is dysfunctional in several major cancers.
  • DnaB helicase
    DnaB helicase is an enzyme in bacteria which opens the replication fork during DNA replication.
  • Repressor lexA
    Repressor LexA or LexA is a transcriptional repressor (EC 3.4.21.88) that represses SOS response genes coding primarily for error-prone DNA polymerases, DNA repair enzymes and cell division inhibitors.
  • DnaE
    dnaE, the gene product of dnaE, is the catalytic α subunit of DNA polymerase III, acting as a DNA helicase.
  • DnaH
    dnaH is a gene involved in DNA replication.
  • DnaI
    DnaI is a protein that is part of the primosome involved in prokaryotic DNA replication.
  • DnaS
    dnaS is a gene involved in DNA replication.
  • Nucleic acid nomenclature
    Molecular biologists use several shorthand terms when referring to nucleic acid molecules, such as DNA and RNA, collectively referred to as nucleic acid nomenclature.
  • DNA ligase
    In molecular biology, DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme, a ligase, (EC 6.5.1.1) that facilitates the joining of DNA strands together by catalyzing the formation of a phosphodiester bond.
  • Cdc6
    Cdc6, or cell division cycle 6, is a protein in eukaryotic cells that is studied in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
  • DnaD
    DnaD is a 232 amino acid long protein that is part of the primosome involved in prokaryotic DNA replication.
  • Single-strand DNA-binding protein
    Single-strand DNA-binding protein (SSB) is a protein, 178 amino acids long, found in Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria, that binds to single-stranded regions of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
  • DnaA
    DnaA is a protein that activates initiation of DNA replication in bacteria.
  • T7 DNA polymerase
    T7 DNA polymerase is an enzyme used during the DNA replication of the T7 bacteriophage.
  • Minichromosome maintenance
    Minichromosome maintenance protein complex (MCM) is a eukaryotic DNA helicase complex required for the process of DNA replication, specifically the formation and elongation of the replication fork.
  • Pwo DNA polymerase
    Pwo polymerase is a thermostable DNA polymerase used for the polymerase chain reaction.
  • Vent DNA polymerase
    Vent polymerase is a thermostable DNA polymerase used for the polymerase chain reaction.
  • HolA
    In molecular biology, holA is a gene that encodes the δ (delta) subunit of DNA polymerase III in E.
  • HolC
    In E. coli and other bacteria, holC is a gene that encodes the chi subunit of DNA polymerase III.
  • HolE
    In E. coli and other bacteria, holE is a gene that encodes the theta subunit of DNA polymerase III.
  • DnaX
    DnaX is the gene that codes for the τ and γ subunits of the DNA clamp loader of prokaryotes.