Diterpenes

2017-07-29T09:51:40+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Sclareol, Phytane, Abietic acid, Forskolin, Phytol, Pimaric acid, Isopimaric acid, Leelamine, Gibberellin, Phytanic acid, Cafestol, Retinol, Pristane, Shortolide A, Taxodone, Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, Tetrahydrocannabinol-C4, Triptolide, Taxamairin A, Abietane, Phorbol, Panicudine, Galanolactone, Tripchlorolide, Triptolidenol, Tripdiolide, Carnosol, Beta-Araneosene, Bipinnatin J, KM-233, Levopimaric acid, 10-Deacetylbaccatin, Kahweol, Menatetrenone, Pristanic acid, Momilactone B, 18-Norabietane, Ailanthone, Carnosic acid, Aphidicolin, 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate, Andrographolide, Pseudopterosin A, Stemarene, Stemodene, Guanacastepene A, Neotripterifordin, Isocupressic acid, Isotuberculosinol, Ferruginol, Fichtelite, Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, Simonellite, Labdane, Taxadiene, Lagochilin, Geranylgeraniol, Prostratin, Ryanodine, Ingenol mebutate, Steviol, Cembrene A, EBC-46, Totarol, Sclarene flashcards Diterpenes
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  • Sclareol
    Sclareol is a fragrant chemical compound found in clary sage (Salvia sclarea), from which it derives its name.
  • Phytane
    Phytane is a type of diterpenoid alkane.
  • Abietic acid
    Abietic acid (also known as abietinic acid or sylvic acid) is an organic compound that occurs widely in trees.
  • Forskolin
    Forskolin (coleonol) is a labdane diterpene that is produced by the Indian Coleus plant (Coleus forskohlii).
  • Phytol
    Phytol is an acyclic diterpene alcohol that can be used as a precursor for the manufacture of synthetic forms of vitamin E and vitamin K1.
  • Pimaric acid
    Pimaric acid is a carboxylic acid from the resin acid group.
  • Isopimaric acid
    Isopimaric acid (IPA) is a toxin which acts as a large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel (BK channel) opener.
  • Leelamine
    Leelamine (dehydroabietylamine) is a diterpene amine that has weak affinity for the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, as well as being an inhibitor of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase.
  • Gibberellin
    Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones that regulate growth and influence various developmental processes, including stem elongation, germination, dormancy, flowering, sex expression, enzyme induction, and leaf and fruit senescence.
  • Phytanic acid
    Phytanic acid (or 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl hexadecanoic acid) is a branched chain fatty acid that humans can obtain through the consumption of dairy products, ruminant animal fats, and certain fish.
  • Cafestol
    Cafestol is a diterpene molecule present in coffee.
  • Retinol
    Retinol (Vitamin A1) is one of the animal forms of vitamin A.
  • Pristane
    Pristane is a natural saturated terpenoid alkane obtained primarily from shark liver oil, from which its name is derived (Latin pristis, "shark").
  • Shortolide A
    Shortolide A is a natural product isolated from Solidago shortii.
  • Taxodone
    Taxodone is a naturally occurring diterpenoid found in Taxodium distichum (Bald Cypress), Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary), several Salvia species and other plants, along with its oxidized rearrangement product, taxodione.
  • Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid
    Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA, Δ9-THCA, 2-COOH-THC; conjugate base tetrahydrocannabinolate) is a biosynthetic precursor of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active component of cannabis.
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol-C4
    Tetrahydrocannabinol-C4, also known as THC-C4 and butyl-THC, is a homologue of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active component of cannabis.
  • Triptolide
    Triptolide is a diterpenoid epoxide which is endogenously produced by the thunder god vine, Tripterygium wilfordii.
  • Taxamairin A
    Taxamairin A is an non-taxane isolate of Taxus yunnanensis.
  • Abietane
    Abietane is a diterpene that forms the structural basis for a variety of natural chemical compounds such as abietic acid, carnosic acid, and ferruginol which are collectively known as abietanes or abietane diterpenes.
  • Phorbol
    Phorbol is a natural, plant-derived organic compound.
  • Panicudine
    Panicudine (6-hydroxy-11-deoxy-13-dehydrohetisane) is a C20-diterpene alkaloid of the hetisine type, first isolated from Aconitum paniculatum.
  • Galanolactone
    Galanolactone is a diterpenoid lactone first isolated from ginger.
  • Tripchlorolide
    Tripchlorolide is an isolate of Tripterygium wilfordii (雷公藤) that has potential interaction with the NMDA receptor.
  • Triptolidenol
    Triptolidenol is a bioactive diterpene created by Tripterygium wilfordii.
  • Tripdiolide
    Tripdiolide is an anti-inflammatory isolate of Tripterygium wilfordii.
  • Carnosol
    Carnosol is a phenolic diterpene found in the herbs rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and Mountain desert sage (Salvia pachyphylla).
  • Beta-Araneosene
    β–Araneosene is a molecule first isolated in 1975 from the mold Sordaria araneosa by Borschberg.
  • Bipinnatin J
    Bipinnatin J is a diterpene isolated from the bipinnate sea plume Antillogorgia bipinnata, a sea fan found in the eastern Caribbean Sea.
  • KM-233
    KM-233 is a drug which is an analogue of Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the less active but more stable isomer of the active component of Cannabis.
  • Levopimaric acid
    Levopimaric acid is an abietane-type of diterpene resin acid.
  • 10-Deacetylbaccatin
    10-Deacetylbaccatins are a series of closely related natural organic compounds isolated from the Pacific yew tree (Taxus brevifolia) and related species.
  • Kahweol
    Kahweol is a diterpene molecule found in the beans of Coffea arabica.
  • Menatetrenone
    Menatetrenone (INN), also known as MK-4, is a vitamin K compound used as a hemostatic agent, and also as adjunctive therapy for the pain of osteoporosis.
  • Pristanic acid
    Pristanic acid (2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecanoic acid) is a terpenoid acid present at micromolar concentrations in the blood plasma of healthy individuals.
  • Momilactone B
    Momilactone B is an allelopathic agent produced from the roots of rice (Oryza sativa L.) (100 mg from 200 kg dry rice husk).
  • 18-Norabietane
    18-Norabietane is a diterpene perhydrogenated phenanthrene derivative.
  • Ailanthone
    Ailanthone is an allelopathic chemical that is produced by the Ailanthus altissima tree which inhibits the growth of other plants.
  • Carnosic acid
    Carnosic acid is a natural benzenediol abietane diterpene found in rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and common sage (Salvia officinalis).
  • Aphidicolin
    Aphidicolin is a tetracyclic diterpene antibiotic isolated from the fungus, Cephalosporum aphidicola with antiviral and antimitotic properties.
  • 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate
    12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), also commonly known as tetradecanoylphorbol acetate, tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate, and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), is a diester of phorbol and a potent tumor promoter often employed in biomedical research to activate the signal transduction enzyme protein kinase C (PKC).
  • Andrographolide
    Andrographolide is a labdane diterpenoid that has been isolated from the stem and leaves of Andrographis paniculata.
  • Pseudopterosin A
    Pseudopterosin A is a diterpene glycoside isolated from the gorgian sea whip Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae, found in the Bahamas and Florida Keys.
  • Stemarene
    Stemarene is a diterpene hydrocarbon can be produced biosynthetically through enzyme extracts from rice.
  • Stemodene
    Stemodene is a labdane-related diterpene whose corresponding terpene synthase has been discovered in rice and subsequently cloned and functionally characterized.
  • Guanacastepene A
    Guanacastepene A is a compound showing antibiotic activity.
  • Neotripterifordin
    Neotripterifordin is an anti-viral diterpene lactone isolated from Tripterygium wilfordii.
  • Isocupressic acid
    Isocupressic acid is a diterpene acid present in a variety of conifer needles.
  • Isotuberculosinol
    Isotuberculosinol, also called nosyberkol or edaxadiene is a diterpene molecule produced by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of TB, which aids in its pathogenesis.
  • Ferruginol
    Ferruginol is a natural phenol and a meroterpene (a chemical compound containing a terpenoid substructure) that has been isolated from the needles of the redwood Sequoia sempervirens.
  • Fichtelite
    Fichtelite is a rare white mineral found in fossilized wood from Bavaria.
  • Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate
    Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) is a phorbol ester which is one of the constituents of croton oil.
  • Simonellite
    Simonellite (1,1-dimethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-7-isopropyl phenanthrene) is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with a chemical formula C19H24.
  • Labdane
    Labdane is a natural bicyclic diterpene.
  • Taxadiene
    Taxadiene (taxa-4,11-diene) is a diterpene.
  • Lagochilin
    Lagochilin is a bitter diterpene that forms a grey crystalline solid.
  • Geranylgeraniol
    Geranylgeraniol is a diterpene alcohol which plays a role in several important biological processes.
  • Prostratin
    Prostratin is a protein kinase C activator found in the bark of the mamala tree of Samoa, Homalanthus nutans (Euphorbiaceae).
  • Ryanodine
    Ryanodine is a poisonous diterpenoide found in the South American plant Ryania speciosa (Salicaceae).
  • Ingenol mebutate
    Ingenol mebutate (ingenol-3-angelate, PEP005, LEO Pharma trade name Picato) is a substance found in the sap of the plant Euphorbia peplus and an inducer of cell death.
  • Steviol
    Steviol is a diterpene first isolated from the plant Stevia rebaudiana in 1931.
  • Cembrene A
    Cembrene A, or sometimes neocembrene, is a natural monocyclic diterpene isolated from corals of the genus Nephthea.
  • EBC-46
    EBC-46 is an experimental drug candidate being studied pre-clinically by the Australian company Ecobiotics (specifically its drug discovery subsidiary Qbiotics).
  • Totarol
    Totarol is a meroterpene, and more precisely a terpenophenolic, a chemical compound that is part terpene and part natural phenol.
  • Sclarene
    Sclarene is a diterpene present in the foliage of Podocarpus hallii.