Diseases of oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws

2017-07-28T19:22:04+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Noma (disease), Bruxism, Stomatitis, Adenoid, Ankyloglossia, Glossitis, Halitosis, Mumps, Aphthous stomatitis, Cheilitis, Hairy leukoplakia, Parotitis, Geographic tongue, Gingival enlargement, Fissured tongue, Leukoplakia, Erythroplakia, Ludwig's angina, Apert syndrome, Drooling, Eagle syndrome, Cutaneous sinus of dental origin, Traumatic neuroma flashcards Diseases of oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws
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  • Noma (disease)
    Noma (also referred to as cancrum oris, fusospirochetal gangrene, necrotizing ulcerative stomatitis, stomatitis gangrenosa) is a rapidly progressive, polymicrobial, often gangrenous infection of the mouth or genitals.
  • Bruxism
    Bruxism is excessive teeth grinding or jaw clenching.
  • Stomatitis
    Stomatitis is inflammation of the mouth and lips.
  • Adenoid
    The adenoid, also known as a pharyngeal tonsil or nasopharyngeal tonsil, is the superior-most of the tonsils.
  • Ankyloglossia
    Ankyloglossia, also known as tongue-tie, is a congenital oral anomaly that may decrease mobility of the tongue tip and is caused by an unusually short, thick lingual frenulum, a membrane connecting the underside of the tongue to the floor of the mouth.
  • Glossitis
    Glossitis can mean soreness of the tongue, or more usually inflammation with depapillation of the dorsal surface of the tongue (loss of the lingual papillae), leaving a smooth and erythematous (reddened) surface, (sometimes specifically termed atrophic glossitis).
  • Halitosis
    Halitosis, colloquially called bad breath, or fetor oris, is a symptom in which a noticeably unpleasant odor is present on the exhaled breath.
  • Mumps
    (For other uses of the word mumps, see Mumps (disambiguation).) Mumps, also known as epidemic parotitis, is a viral disease caused by the mumps virus.
  • Aphthous stomatitis
    Aphthous stomatitis is a common condition characterized by the repeated formation of benign and non-contagious mouth ulcers (aphthae) in otherwise healthy individuals.
  • Cheilitis
    Cheilitis is inflammation of the lips.
  • Hairy leukoplakia
    Hairy leukoplakia (also known as oral hairy leukoplakia, OHL, or HIV-associated hairy leukoplakia), is a white patch on the side of the tongue with a corrugated or hairy appearance.
  • Parotitis
    Parotitis is an inflammation of one or both parotid glands, the major salivary glands located on either side of the face, in humans.
  • Geographic tongue
    Geographic tongue, also known by several other terms, is an inflammatory condition of the mucous membrane of the tongue, usually on the dorsal surface.
  • Gingival enlargement
    Gingival enlargement, (also termed gingival overgrowth, hypertrophic gingivitis, gingival hyperplasia, or gingival hypertrophy, and sometimes abbreviated to GO), is an increase in the size of the gingiva (gums).
  • Fissured tongue
    Fissured tongue (also known as "scrotal tongue," "lingua plicata," "Plicated tongue," and "furrowed tongue") is a benign condition characterized by deep grooves (fissures) in the dorsum of the tongue.
  • Leukoplakia
    Leukoplakia (also termed leucoplakia, leukokeratosis, leukoplasia, idiopathic leukoplakia, idiopathic keratosis, or idiopathic white patch), normally refers to a condition where areas of keratosis appear as firmly attached white patches on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, although the term is sometimes used for white patches of other gastrointestinal tract mucosal sites, or mucosal surfaces of the urinary tract and genitals.
  • Erythroplakia
    Erythroplakia (or erythroplasia) is a clinical term to describe any erythematous (red) area on a mucous membrane, that cannot be attributed to any other pathology.
  • Ludwig's angina
    Ludwig's angina, otherwise known as angina ludovici, is a serious, potentially life-threatening cellulitis, or connective tissue infection, of the floor of the mouth, usually occurring in adults with concomitant dental infections and if left untreated, may obstruct the airways, necessitating tracheostomy.
  • Apert syndrome
    Apert syndrome is a form of acrocephalosyndactyly, a congenital disorder characterized by malformations of the skull, face, hands and feet.
  • Drooling
    Drooling (also known as salivation, driveling, dribbling, slobbering, or, in a medical context, sialorrhea) is the flow of saliva outside the mouth.
  • Eagle syndrome
    Eagle syndrome (also termed stylohyoid syndrome styloid syndrome, styloid-stylohyoid syndrome, or styloid–carotid artery syndrome) is a rare condition characterized by sudden, sharp nerve-like pain in the jaw bone and joint, back of the throat, and base of the tongue, triggered by swallowing, moving the jaw, or turning the neck.
  • Cutaneous sinus of dental origin
    A cutaneous sinus of dental origin is where a dental infection drains onto the surface of the skin of the face or neck.
  • Traumatic neuroma
    A traumatic neuroma (also known as "amputation neuroma" or "pseudoneuroma") is a type of neuroma which results from trauma to a nerve, usually during a surgical procedure.