Demographic economics

2017-07-29T20:24:34+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Demographic transition, Malthusian trap, Gini coefficient, Human capital flight, Birth rate, The Limits to Growth, Population ageing, Rural flight, Population decline, Malthusianism, An Essay on the Principle of Population, Demography of Japan, Population pyramid, Missing women, Female labor force in the Muslim world, The Coal Question, Ladli Laxmi Yojana flashcards Demographic economics
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  • Demographic transition
    Demographic transition (DT) refers to the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.
  • Malthusian trap
    The Malthusian trap is named after the view of Thomas Robert Malthus that improvements in a society's standard of living are not sustainable because of population growth.
  • Gini coefficient
    The Gini coefficient (sometimes expressed as a Gini ratio or a normalized Gini index) (/dʒini/ jee-nee) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measure of inequality.
  • Human capital flight
    Human capital flight refers to the emigration of highly skilled or well-educated individuals.
  • Birth rate
    The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year.
  • The Limits to Growth
    The Limits to Growth is a 1972 book about the computer simulation of exponential economic and population growth with finite resource supplies.
  • Population ageing
    Ageing population is a phenomenon that occurs when the median age of a country or region increases due to rising life expectancy and/or declining fertility rates.
  • Rural flight
    Rural flight (or rural exodus) is the migratory pattern of peoples from rural areas into urban areas.
  • Population decline
    Population decline can refer to the decline in population of any organism, but this article refers to population decline in humans.
  • Malthusianism
    Malthusianism is a school of ideas derived from the political/economic thought of the Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus, as laid out in his 1798 writings, An Essay on the Principle of Population, which describes how unchecked population growth is exponential while the growth of the food supply was expected to be arithmetical.
  • An Essay on the Principle of Population
    The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published anonymously in 1798, but the author was soon identified as Thomas Robert Malthus.
  • Demography of Japan
    The demographic features of the population of Japan include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects regarding the population.
  • Population pyramid
    A population pyramid, also called an age pyramid or age picture is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.
  • Missing women
    The term "missing women" indicates a shortfall in the number of women relative to the expected number of women in a region or country.
  • Female labor force in the Muslim world
    Female participation and advancement in majority Muslim countries, or nations in which more than 50% of the population identifies as an adherent of the Islamic faith, has traditionally been areas of controversy.
  • The Coal Question
    The Coal Question; An Inquiry Concerning the Progress of the Nation, and the Probable Exhaustion of Our Coal Mines (1865) was a book by economist William Stanley Jevons that explored the implications of Britain's reliance on coal.
  • Ladli Laxmi Yojana
    Ladli Laxmi Yojana is a scheme introduced by government of Madhya Pradesh with the objective to lay a firm foundation of girls’ future through improvement in their educational and economic status and to bring about a positive change in social attitude towards birth of a girl.