Criminology

2017-07-27T19:53:56+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Pickpocketing, Insanity defense, Juvenile delinquency, Recidivism, Broken windows theory, Antisocial personality disorder, Criminal psychology, Deviance (sociology), Sexual assault, Victimology, Chicago school (sociology), Symbolic interactionism, Acting out, Incarceration prevention in the United States, Causes of sexual violence, Restorative justice, Criminalization, Public-order crime, Sadistic personality disorder, Zero tolerance, Sociobiological theories of rape flashcards Criminology
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  • Pickpocketing
    Pickpocketing is a form of larceny that involves the stealing of money or other valuables from the person of a victim without them noticing the theft at the time.
  • Insanity defense
    The insanity defense, also known as the mental disorder defense, is a defense by excuse in a criminal case, arguing that the defendant is not responsible for their actions due to an episodic or persistent psychiatric disease at the time of the criminal act.
  • Juvenile delinquency
    Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles, i.e. individuals younger than the statutory age of majority).
  • Recidivism
    Recidivism (/rᵻˈsɪdᵻvɪzəm/; from recidive and ism, from Latin recidīvus "recurring", from re- "back" and cadō "I fall") is the act of a person repeating an undesirable behavior after they had either experienced negative consequences of that behavior, or had been trained to extinguish that behavior.
  • Broken windows theory
    The broken windows theory is a criminological theory of the norm-setting and signaling effect of urban disorder and vandalism on additional crime and anti-social behavior.
  • Antisocial personality disorder
    Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), also known as dissocial personality disorder (DPD) and sociopathy, is a personality disorder, characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others.
  • Criminal psychology
    Criminal psychology, also referred to as criminological psychology, is the study of the wills, thoughts, intentions, and reactions of criminals and all that partakes in the criminal behavior.
  • Deviance (sociology)
    In sociology, deviance describes an action or behavior that violates social norms, including a formally enacted rule (e.g., crime), as well as informal violations of social norms (e.g., rejecting folkways and mores).
  • Sexual assault
    Sexual assault is a sexual act in which a person is coerced or physically forced to engage against their will, or a non-consensual sexual touching of a person.
  • Victimology
    Victimology is the study of victimization, including the relationships between victims and offenders, the interactions between victims and the criminal justice system—that is, the police and courts, and corrections officials—and the connections between victims and other social groups and institutions, such as the media, businesses, and social movements.
  • Chicago school (sociology)
    In sociology and later criminology, the Chicago School (sometimes described as the Ecological School) was the first major body of works emerging during the 1920s and 1930s specializing in urban sociology, and the research into the urban environment by combining theory and ethnographic fieldwork in Chicago, now applied elsewhere.
  • Symbolic interactionism
    Symbolic interactionism is a sociological perspective which developed around the middle of the twentieth century and that continues to be influential in some areas of the discipline.
  • Acting out
    Acting out is a psychological term from the parlance of defense mechanisms and self-control, meaning to perform an action in contrast to bearing and managing the impulse to perform it.
  • Incarceration prevention in the United States
    Incarceration prevention refers to a variety of methods aimed at reducing prison populations and costs while fostering enhanced social structures.
  • Causes of sexual violence
    Causes of sexual violence are debated and explanations of the cause include military conquest, socioeconomics, anger, power, sadism, sexual pleasure, psychopathy, ethical standards, laws, attitudes toward the victims and evolutionary pressures.
  • Restorative justice
    Restorative justice is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of the victims and the offenders, as well as involving the community.
  • Criminalization
    Criminalization or criminalisation, in criminology, is "the process by which behaviors and individuals are transformed into crime and criminals".
  • Public-order crime
    In criminology, public-order crime is defined by Siegel (2004) as "crime which involves acts that interfere with the operations of society and the ability of people to function efficiently", i.
  • Sadistic personality disorder
    Sadistic personality disorder is a personality disorder involving sadism which appeared in an appendix of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R).
  • Zero tolerance
    A zero tolerance policy is one which imposes strict punishment for infractions of a stated rule, with the intention of eliminating undesirable conduct.
  • Sociobiological theories of rape
    Sociobiological theories of rape explores how evolutionary adaptation influences the psychology of rapists.