Corporate governance

2017-07-28T22:06:38+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Types of business entity, Subsidiary, Partnership, Incorporation (business), Internal control, Dividend, Initial public offering, Annual general meeting, Crisis management, Share (finance), Management buyout, Limited liability partnership, Australian Securities and Investments Commission, Annual report, Municipal bond, Cumulative voting, Division (business), Zero-coupon bond, President (corporate title), Institutional Investor Advisory Services, Board-only, Executive compensation, Executive officer, United States as a tax haven, Institute of Directors, Chief Scientific Officer, National Association of Corporate Directors, The Modern Corporation and Private Property, Directors' duties, Chief governing officer, InfoSTEP, Institute of Directors in New Zealand flashcards Corporate governance
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  • Types of business entity
    A business entity is an entity that is formed and administered as per commercial law in order to engage in business activities, charitable work, or other activities allowable.
  • Subsidiary
    A subsidiary, subsidiary company or daughter company is a company that is owned or controlled by another company, which is called the parent company, parent, or holding company.
  • Partnership
    A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests.
  • Incorporation (business)
    Incorporation is the forming of a new corporation (a corporation being a legal entity that is effectively recognized as a person under the law).
  • Internal control
    Internal control, as defined in accounting and auditing, is a process for assuring achievement of an organization's objectives in operational effectiveness and efficiency, reliable financial reporting, and compliance with laws, regulations and policies.
  • Dividend
    A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits.
  • Initial public offering
    Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company usually are sold to institutional investors that in turn, sell to the general public, on a securities exchange, for the first time.
  • Annual general meeting
    An annual general meeting (commonly abbreviated as AGM, also known as the annual meeting) is a meeting of the general membership of an organization.
  • Crisis management
    Crisis management is the process by which an organization deals with a major event that threatens to harm the organization, its stakeholders, or the general public.
  • Share (finance)
    In financial markets, a share is a unit of account for various investments.
  • Management buyout
    A management buyout (MBO) is a form of acquisition where a company's existing managers acquire a large part or all of the company from either the parent company or from the private owners.
  • Limited liability partnership
    A limited liability partnership (LLP) is a partnership in which some or all partners (depending on the jurisdiction) have limited liabilities.
  • Australian Securities and Investments Commission
    The Australian Securities & Investments Commission (ASIC) is an independent Australian government body that acts as Australia's corporate regulator.
  • Annual report
    An annual report is a comprehensive report on a company's activities throughout the preceding year.
  • Municipal bond
    A municipal bond is a bond issued by a local government or territory, or one of their agencies.
  • Cumulative voting
    Cumulative voting (also accumulation voting, weighted voting or multi-voting) is a multiple-winner voting system intended to promote more proportional representation than winner-take-all elections.
  • Division (business)
    A division of a business or business division (sometimes called a business sector) is one of the parts into which a business, organization or company is divided.
  • Zero-coupon bond
    A zero-coupon bond (also discount bond or deep discount bond) is a bond bought at a price lower than its face value, with the face value repaid at the time of maturity.
  • President (corporate title)
    The President is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group.
  • Institutional Investor Advisory Services
    Institutional Investor Advisory Services India Limited (known colloquially as IiAS) is an Indian proxy firm that provides voting recommendations on shareholder resolutions of Indian listed companies.
  • Board-only
    A board-only organization is one that is managed by a board that is self-appointed or otherwise not accountable (for all practical purposes) to a base of members through elections, a delegate body, etc.
  • Executive compensation
    Executive compensation or executive pay is composed of the financial compensation and other non-financial awards received by an executive from their firm for their service to the organization.
  • Executive officer
    An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
  • United States as a tax haven
    In 2010, the United States implemented the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act; the law required financial firms around the world to report accounts held by US citizens to the Internal Revenue Service.
  • Institute of Directors
    The Institute of Directors (IoD) is a business organisation for company directors, senior business leaders and entrepreneurs.
  • Chief Scientific Officer
    A chief scientific officer (CSO) is an executive who manages the scientific, research or technological operations of a company or organization.
  • National Association of Corporate Directors
    The National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD) is an independent, not-for-profit, section 501(c)(3) founded in 1977 and headquartered in Washington, D.
  • The Modern Corporation and Private Property
    The Modern Corporation and Private Property is a book written by Adolf Berle and Gardiner Means published in 1932 regarding the foundations of United States corporate law.
  • Directors' duties
    Directors' duties are a series of statutory, common law and equitable obligations owed primarily by members of the board of directors to the corporation that employs them.
  • Chief governing officer
    The title chief governing officer (CGO) is an uncommon term used to designate the chairman of the board or an officeholder with another title who is considered ultimately accountable for the governance of that organization.
  • InfoSTEP
    InfoSTEP is a company that sells products in the areas of business intelligence, corporate governance, risk management, data integration, data quality, data services, emerging technologies, cloud computing, master data management and IT business management (ITBM).
  • Institute of Directors in New Zealand
    The Institute of Directors in New Zealand is a New Zealand-based organisation that supports, represents and sets standards for company directors in New Zealand.