Congenital heart defects

2017-07-29T17:46:07+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Ventricular septal defect, Congenital heart defect, Dextrocardia, Ectopia cordis, Trilogy of Fallot, Tetralogy of Fallot, Atrial septal defect, Patent ductus arteriosus, Ebstein's anomaly, Noonan syndrome, Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, Double outlet right ventricle, Tricuspid atresia, Levo-Transposition of the great arteries, Overriding aorta, Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery, Bicuspid aortic valve, Sakati–Nyhan–Tisdale syndrome, Dextro-Transposition of the great arteries, Noncompaction cardiomyopathy, Cor triatriatum, Ostium primum atrial septal defect, Scimitar syndrome, Ventricular inversion, Transposition of the great vessels, Lutembacher's syndrome, Crisscross heart, Uhl anomaly, Atrioventricular septal defect, Interrupted aortic arch, Persistent truncus arteriosus, Sinus venosus atrial septal defect, Aortopulmonary septal defect, Hypoplastic right heart syndrome flashcards Congenital heart defects
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  • Ventricular septal defect
    A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a defect in the ventricular septum, the wall dividing the left and right ventricles of the heart.
  • Congenital heart defect
    Congenital heart defect (CHD), also known as a congenital heart anomaly or congenital heart disease, is a problem in the structure of the heart that is present at birth.
  • Dextrocardia
    Dextrocardia (from Latin dexter, meaning "right," and Greek kardia, meaning "heart") is a rare congenital defect in which the apex of the heart is located on the right side of the body.
  • Ectopia cordis
    Ectopia cordis (Greek: "away / out of place" + Latin: "heart") is a congenital malformation in which the heart is abnormally located either partially or totally outside of the thorax.
  • Trilogy of Fallot
    The trilogy of Fallot is a congenital heart condition.
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
    Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart defect that is present at birth.
  • Atrial septal defect
    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart defect in which blood flows between the atria (upper chambers) of the heart.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition wherein the ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Ebstein's anomaly
    Ebstein's anomaly is a congenital heart defect in which the septal and posterior leaflets of the tricuspid valve are displaced towards the apex of the right ventricle of the heart.
  • Noonan syndrome
    Noonan syndrome (NS) is a relatively common autosomal dominant congenital disorder and is named after Jacqueline Noonan, a pediatric cardiologist.
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a rare congenital heart defect in which the left heart is severely underdeveloped.
  • Double outlet right ventricle
    Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a form of congenital heart disease where both of the great arteries connect (in whole or in part) to the right ventricle (RV).
  • Tricuspid atresia
    Tricuspid atresia is a form of congenital heart disease whereby there is a complete absence of the tricuspid valve.
  • Levo-Transposition of the great arteries
    levo-Transposition of the great arteries (L-Transposition of the great arteries, levo-TGA, or l-TGA), also commonly referred to as congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CC-TGA), is an acyanotic congenital heart defect (CHD) in which the primary arteries (the aorta and the pulmonary artery) are transposed, with the aorta anterior and to the left of the pulmonary artery; the morphological left and right ventricles with their corresponding atrioventricular valves are also transposed.
  • Overriding aorta
    An overriding aorta is a congenital heart defect where the aorta is positioned directly over a ventricular septal defect (VSD), instead of over the left ventricle.
  • Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery
    Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) from the inappropriate sinus of Valsalva with an interarterial, intraconal, or intramural course is a rare heart defect associated with an increased risk of sudden death in children.
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
    A bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a disease (usually congenital in nature) of the aortic valve, in which two of the aortic valvular leaflets fuse during development resulting in a valve that is bicuspid, instead of the normal tricuspid configuration.
  • Sakati–Nyhan–Tisdale syndrome
    Sakati–Nyhan–Tisdale syndrome, also called acrocephalopolysyndactyly type III, is a rare genetic disorder that has been associated with abnormalities in the bones of the legs, congenital heart defects and craniofacial defects.
  • Dextro-Transposition of the great arteries
    dextro-Transposition of the great arteries (d-Transposition of the great arteries, dextro-TGA, or d-TGA), sometimes also referred to as complete transposition of the great arteries, is a birth defect in the large arteries of the heart.
  • Noncompaction cardiomyopathy
    Non-compaction cardiomyopathy (NCC), also called spongiform cardiomyopathy, is a rare congenital cardiomyopathy that affects both children and adults.
  • Cor triatriatum
    Cor triatriatum (or triatrial heart) is a congenital heart defect where the left atrium (cor triatriatum sinistrum) or right atrium (cor triatriatum dextrum) is subdivided by a thin membrane, resulting in three atrial chambers (hence the name).
  • Ostium primum atrial septal defect
    The ostium primum atrial septal defect (also known as an endocardial cushion defect) is a defect in the atrial septum at the level of the tricuspid and mitral valves.
  • Scimitar syndrome
    Scimitar syndrome, or pulmonary venolobar syndrome, is a rare congenital heart defect characterized by anomalous venous return from the right lung (to the systemic venous drainage, rather than directly to the left atrium).
  • Ventricular inversion
    Ventricular inversion, also known as atrioventricular discordance, is a condition in which the anatomic right ventricle of the heart is on the left side of the interventricular septum and the anatomic left ventricle is on the right.
  • Transposition of the great vessels
    Transposition of the great vessels (TGV) is a group of congenital heart defects involving an abnormal spatial arrangement of any of the great vessels: superior and/or inferior venae cavae, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, and aorta.
  • Lutembacher's syndrome
    Lutembacher's syndrome is a form of congenital heart disease.
  • Crisscross heart
    Crisscross heart is a type of congenital heart defect where the right atrium is closely associated with the left ventricle in space, and the left atrium is closely associated with the right ventricle.
  • Uhl anomaly
    Uhl's anomaly was first described in 1952 by Dr.
  • Atrioventricular septal defect
    Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) or atrioventricular canal defect (AVCD), previously known as "common atrioventricular canal" (CAVC) or "endocardial cushion defect", is characterized by a deficiency of the atrioventricular septum of the heart.
  • Interrupted aortic arch
    Interrupted aortic arch is a very rare heart defect (affecting 3 per million live births) in which the aorta is not completely developed.
  • Persistent truncus arteriosus
    Persistent truncus arteriosus (or Patent truncus arteriosus or Common arterial trunk), is a rare form of congenital heart disease that presents at birth.
  • Sinus venosus atrial septal defect
    A sinus venosus atrial septal defect is a type of atrial septal defect primarily associated with the sinus venosus.
  • Aortopulmonary septal defect
    An aortopulmonary septal defect is a group of rare congenital heart disorders that result from errors in the development of the aorticopulmonary septum.
  • Hypoplastic right heart syndrome
    Hypoplastic right heart syndrome is a congenital heart defect in which the right atrium and right ventricle are underdeveloped.