Condensed matter physics

2017-07-29T04:51:37+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Electron mobility, Interface and colloid science, Supercooling, Electroluminescence, Supercritical fluid, Crystallography, Ferromagnetism, Bose–Einstein condensate, Phase (matter), Crystal field theory, Fermi surface, Spin glass, Quasicrystal, Cryochemistry, Strength of materials, Crystal structure, Magnetic refrigeration, Electret, Emulsion, Superlattice, Work function, Band diagram, Tensor operator, Spherical basis, Leslie Lawrance Foldy, Ganeshan Venkataraman, Electric-field screening, Hardness, Solid-state physics, Quasi-crystals (supramolecular), Heat transfer physics, Liquefaction, Crystal growth, Bilbao Crystallographic Server, State of matter, Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter, Semimetal, Critical point (thermodynamics), Fermi level, Paramagnetism, Boson, Fermi energy, Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics flashcards Condensed matter physics
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  • Electron mobility
    In solid-state physics, the electron mobility characterizes how quickly an electron can move through a metal or semiconductor, when pulled by an electric field.
  • Interface and colloid science
    Interface and colloid science is an interdisciplinary intersection of branches of chemistry, physics, nanoscience and other fields dealing with colloids, heterogeneous systems consisting of a mechanical mixture of particles between 1 nm and 1000 nm dispersed in a continuous medium.
  • Supercooling
    Supercooling, also known as undercooling, is the process of lowering the temperature of a liquid or a gas below its freezing point without it becoming a solid.
  • Electroluminescence
    Electroluminescence (EL) is an optical phenomenon and electrical phenomenon in which a material emits light in response to the passage of an electric current or to a strong electric field.
  • Supercritical fluid
    A supercritical fluid (SCF) is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point, where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist.
  • Crystallography
    Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in the crystalline solids (see crystal structure).
  • Ferromagnetism
    Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materials (such as iron) form permanent magnets, or are attracted to magnets.
  • Bose–Einstein condensate
    ("Super atom" redirects here. For clusters of atoms that seem to exhibit some of the properties of elemental atoms, see Superatom.) A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero (that is, very near 0 K or −273.15 °C).
  • Phase (matter)
    In the physical sciences, a phase is a region of space (a thermodynamic system), throughout which all physical properties of a material are essentially uniform.
  • Crystal field theory
    Crystal Field Theory (CFT) is a model that describes the breaking of degeneracies of electron orbital states, usually d or f orbitals, due to a static electric field produced by a surrounding charge distribution (anion neighbors).
  • Fermi surface
    In condensed matter physics, the Fermi surface is an abstract boundary in reciprocal space useful for predicting the thermal, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of metals, semimetals, and doped semiconductors.
  • Spin glass
    A spin glass is a disordered magnet, where the magnetic spin of the component atoms (the orientation of the north and south magnetic poles in three-dimensional space) are not aligned in a regular pattern.
  • Quasicrystal
    A quasiperiodic crystal, or quasicrystal, is a structure that is ordered but not periodic.
  • Cryochemistry
    Cryochemistry is the study of chemical interactions at temperatures below −150 °C (−238 °F; 123 K).
  • Strength of materials
    Strength of materials, also called mechanics of materials, is a subject which deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains.
  • Crystal structure
    In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material.
  • Magnetic refrigeration
    Magnetic refrigeration is a cooling technology based on the magnetocaloric effect.
  • Electret
    Electret (formed of elektr- from "electricity" and -et from "magnet") is a dielectric material that has a quasi-permanent electric charge or dipole polarisation.
  • Emulsion
    An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
  • Superlattice
    A superlattice is a periodic structure of layers of two (or more) materials.
  • Work function
    In solid-state physics, the work function (sometimes spelled workfunction) is the minimum thermodynamic work (i.e. energy) needed to remove an electron from a solid to a point in the vacuum immediately outside the solid surface.
  • Band diagram
    In solid-state physics of semiconductors, a band diagram is a diagram plotting various key electron energy levels (Fermi level and nearby energy band edges) as a function of some spatial dimension, which is often denoted x.
  • Tensor operator
    In pure and applied mathematics, quantum mechanics and computer graphics, a tensor operator generalizes the notion of operators which are scalars and vectors.
  • Spherical basis
    In pure and applied mathematics, particularly quantum mechanics and computer graphics and their applications, a spherical basis is the basis used to express spherical tensors.
  • Leslie Lawrance Foldy
    Leslie Lawrance Foldy (1919–2001) was a theoretical physicist, who made contributions to condensed matter physics and quantum mechanics.
  • Ganeshan Venkataraman
    Ganeshan Venkataraman is an Indian condensed matter physicist, writer and a former vice chancellor of the Sri Sathya Sai University.
  • Electric-field screening
    In physics, screening is the damping of electric fields caused by the presence of mobile charge carriers.
  • Hardness
    Hardness is a measure of how resistant solid matter is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied.
  • Solid-state physics
    Solid-state physics is the study of rigid matter, or solids, through methods such as quantum mechanics, crystallography, electromagnetism, and metallurgy.
  • Quasi-crystals (supramolecular)
    Quasi-crystals are supramolecular aggregates exhibiting both crystalline (solid) properties as well as amorphous, liquid-like properties.
  • Heat transfer physics
    Heat transfer physics describes the kinetics of energy storage, transport, and transformation by principal energy carriers: phonons (lattice vibration waves), electrons, fluid particles, and photons.
  • Liquefaction
    Liquefaction is a term used in materials sciences to refer to any process which either generates a liquid from a solid or a gas, or generates a non-liquid phase which behaves in accordance with fluid dynamics.
  • Crystal growth
    A crystal is a solid material whose constituent atoms, molecules, or ions are arranged in an orderly repeating pattern extending in all three spatial dimensions.
  • Bilbao Crystallographic Server
    Bilbao Crystallographic Server is an open access website offering online crystallographic database and programs aimed at analyzing, calculating and visualizing problems of structural and mathematical crystallography, solid state physics and structural chemistry.
  • State of matter
    In physics, a state of matter is one of the distinct forms that matter takes on.
  • Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter
    Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter (SRIM) is a group of computer programs which calculate interaction of ions with matter; the core of SRIM is a program Transport of ions in matter (TRIM).
  • Semimetal
    A semimetal is a material with a very small overlap between the bottom of the conduction band and the top of the valence band.
  • Critical point (thermodynamics)
    In thermodynamics, a critical point (or critical state) is the end point of a phase equilibrium curve.
  • Fermi level
    The Fermi level is the total chemical potential for electrons (or electrochemical potential for electrons) and is usually denoted by µ or EF.
  • Paramagnetism
    Paramagnetism is a form of magnetism whereby certain materials are attracted by an externally applied magnetic field, and form internal, induced magnetic fields in the direction of the applied magnetic field.
  • Boson
    In quantum mechanics, a boson (/ˈboʊsɒn/, /ˈboʊzɒn/) is a particle that follows Bose–Einstein statistics.
  • Fermi energy
    The Fermi energy is a concept in quantum mechanics usually referring to the energy difference between the highest and lowest occupied single-particle states in a quantum system of non-interacting fermions at absolute zero temperature.
  • Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics
    The Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics is an annual peer-reviewed review journal published by Annual Reviews.