2017-07-29T14:14:03+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Flavin mononucleotide, Acetyl-CoA, Riboflavin, Tetrahydrofolic acid, Dihydrofolic acid, 5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate, Ascorbic acid, Glutathione, 3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate, Coenzyme A, Benfotiamine, Thiamine pyrophosphate, Cofactor F430, Tetrahydrobiopterin, S-Adenosyl methionine, Adenosine triphosphate, Flavin adenine dinucleotide, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Coenzyme M, Coenzyme B, Tetrahydromethanopterin, Lipoic acid, Heme C, Uridine diphosphate galactose, Coenzyme Q10, Levomefolic acid, Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid, 5,10-Methenyltetrahydrofolate, 5-Formiminotetrahydrofolate, Guanosine diphosphate mannose, Biopterin, Isobutyryl-CoA, 10-Formyltetrahydrofolate, Uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine, Uridine diphosphate glucose flashcards


  • Flavin mononucleotide
    Flavin mononucleotide (FMN), or riboflavin-5′-phosphate, is a biomolecule produced from riboflavin (vitamin B2) by the enzyme riboflavin kinase and functions as prosthetic group of various oxidoreductases including NADH dehydrogenase as well as cofactor in biological blue-light photo receptors.
  • Acetyl-CoA
    Acetyl coenzyme A or acetyl-CoA is an important molecule in metabolism, used in many biochemical reactions.
  • Riboflavin
    Riboflavin (vitamin B2) is part of the vitamin B group.
  • Tetrahydrofolic acid
    Tetrahydrofolic acid, or tetrahydrofolate, is a folic acid derivative.
  • Dihydrofolic acid
    Dihydrofolic acid (conjugate base dihydrofolate) (DHF) is a folic acid (vitamin B9) derivative which is converted to tetrahydrofolic acid by dihydrofolate reductase.
  • 5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate
    5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate (N5,N10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate; 5,10-CH2-THF) is the substrate used by the enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) to generate 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF, or levomefolic acid).
  • Ascorbic acid
    Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties.
  • Glutathione
    Glutathione (GSH) is an important antioxidant in plants, animals, fungi, and some bacteria and archaea.
  • 3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate
    3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) is a derivative of adenosine monophosphate that is phosphorylated at the 3' position and has a sulfate group attached to the 5' phosphate.
  • Coenzyme A
    Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, or HSCoA) is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric acid cycle.
  • Benfotiamine
    Benfotiamine (rINN, or S-benzoylthiamine O-monophosphate) is a synthetic S-acyl derivative of thiamine (vitamin B1).
  • Thiamine pyrophosphate
    Thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP or ThPP), or thiamine diphosphate (ThDP), or cocarboxylase is a thiamine (vitamin B1) derivative which is produced by the enzyme thiamine diphosphokinase.
  • Cofactor F430
    F430 is the prosthetic group of the enzyme methyl coenzyme M reductase.
  • Tetrahydrobiopterin
    Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, THB), also known as sapropterin, is a naturally occurring essential cofactor of the three aromatic amino acid hydroxylase enzymes, used in the degradation of amino acid phenylalanine and in the biosynthesis of the neurotransmitters serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), melatonin, dopamine, norepinephrine (noradrenaline), epinephrine (adrenaline), and is a cofactor for the production of nitric oxide (NO) by the nitric oxide synthases.
  • S-Adenosyl methionine
    S-Adenosyl methionine is a common cosubstrate involved in methyl group transfers, transsulfuration, and aminopropylation.
  • Adenosine triphosphate
    Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a nucleoside triphosphate, a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme.
  • Flavin adenine dinucleotide
    In biochemistry, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is a redox cofactor, more specifically a prosthetic group, involved in several important reactions in metabolism.
  • Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
    Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, abbreviated NADP+ or, in older notation, TPN (triphosphopyridine nucleotide), is a cofactor used in anabolic reactions, such as lipid and nucleic acid synthesis, which require NADPH as a reducing agent.
  • Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
    Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.
  • Coenzyme M
    Coenzyme M is a coenzyme required for methyl-transfer reactions in the metabolism of methanogens.
  • Coenzyme B
    Coenzyme B is a coenzyme required for redox reactions in methanogens.
  • Tetrahydromethanopterin
    Tetrahydromethanopterin (THMPT, H4MPT) is a coenzyme in methanogenesis.
  • Lipoic acid
    Lipoic acid (LA), also known as α-lipoic acid and alpha lipoic acid (ALA) and thioctic acid is an organosulfur compound derived from octanoic acid.
  • Heme C
    Heme C (or haem C) is an important kind of heme.
  • Uridine diphosphate galactose
    Uridine diphosphate galactose (UDP-galactose) is an intermediate in the production of polysaccharides.
  • Coenzyme Q10
    Coenzyme Q10, also known as ubiquinone, ubidecarenone, coenzyme Q, and abbreviated at times to CoQ10 /ˌkoʊ ˌkjuː ˈtɛn/, CoQ, or Q10 is a coenzyme that is ubiquitous in the bodies of most animals.
  • Levomefolic acid
    Levomefolic acid (INN) (also known as L-5-MTHF, L-methylfolate and L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate and (6S)-5-methyltetrahydrofolate, and (6S)-5-MTHF) is the primary biologically active form of folate used at the cellular level for DNA reproduction, the cysteine cycle and the regulation of homocysteine.
  • Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid
    UDP glucuronic acid is a sugar used in the creation of polysaccharides and is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of ascorbic acid (except in primates and guinea pigs).
  • 5,10-Methenyltetrahydrofolate
    5,10-Methenyltetrahydrofolate (5,10-CH=THF) is a form of tetrahydrofolate that is an intermediate in metabolism.
  • 5-Formiminotetrahydrofolate
    5-Formiminotetrahydrofolate is an intermediate in the catabolism of histidine.
  • Guanosine diphosphate mannose
    Guanosine diphosphate mannose or GDP-mannose is a nucleotide sugar that is a substrate for glycosyltransferase reactions in metabolism.
  • Biopterin
    Biopterins are pterin derivatives which function as endogenous enzyme cofactors in many species of animals and in some bacteria and fungi.
  • Isobutyryl-CoA
    Isobutyryl-coenzyme A is a starting material for many natural products derived from Poly-Ketide Synthase (PKS) assembly lines, as well as PKS-NRPS hybrid assembly lines.
  • 10-Formyltetrahydrofolate
    10-Formyltetrahydrofolate (10-CHO-THF) is a form of tetrahydrofolate that acts as a donor of formyl groups in anabolism.
  • Uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine
    Uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine or UDP-GlcNAc is a nucleotide sugar and a coenzyme in metabolism.
  • Uridine diphosphate glucose
    Uridine diphosphate glucose (uracil-diphosphate glucose, UDP-glucose) is a nucleotide sugar.