Civil defense

2017-07-30T03:29:40+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Effects of nuclear explosions, List of industrial disasters, Air-raid shelter, Kearny fallout meter, Dust explosion, Emergency Alert System, Personal protective equipment, Civil defense siren, Civil defense by country, Public Warning System (Singapore), Tonarigumi, Chōnaikai, Civil defense in Israel, Bomb threat, Emergency Public Warning System flashcards Civil defense
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  • Effects of nuclear explosions
    The energy released from a nuclear weapon detonated in the troposphere can be divided into four basic categories: * Blast—40–50% of total energy * Thermal radiation—30–50% of total energy * Ionizing radiation—5% of total energy (more in a neutron bomb) * Residual radiation—5–10% of total energy with the mass of the explosion When an air burst occurs, lethal blast and thermal effects proportionally scale much more rapidly than lethal radiation effects, as higher and higher yield nuclear weapons are used.
  • List of industrial disasters
    This article lists notable industrial disasters, which are disasters caused by industrial companies, either by accident, negligence or incompetence.
  • Air-raid shelter
    Air-raid shelters, also known as bomb shelters, are structures for the protection of non-combatants as well as combatants against enemy attacks from the air.
  • Kearny fallout meter
    The Kearny fallout meter, or KFM, is an expedient radiation meter.
  • Dust explosion
    A dust explosion is the rapid combustion of fine particles suspended in the air, often but not always in an enclosed location.
  • Emergency Alert System
    The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is a national warning system in the United States put into place on January 1, 1997 (approved by Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in November 1994), when it replaced the Emergency Broadcast System (EBS), which in turn replaced the CONELRAD System.
  • Personal protective equipment
    Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection.
  • Civil defense siren
    A civil defense siren (also known as an air-raid siren or tornado siren) is a siren used to provide emergency population warning of approaching danger and sometimes to indicate when the danger has passed.
  • Civil defense by country
    Many countries around the world have civil defense organizations dedicated to protecting civilians from military attacks and providing rescue services after widespread disasters.
  • Public Warning System (Singapore)
    The Public Warning System is a network of civil defense sirens installed by the Singapore Civil Defence Force on over 2,000 strategic points in Singapore to warn Singaporeans of impending dangers and air raids.
  • Tonarigumi
    The Neighborhood Association (隣組 Tonarigumi) was the smallest unit of the national mobilization program established by the Japanese government in World War II.
  • Chōnaikai
    A chōnaikai (町内会) is a Japanese local community of citizens or a form of neighbourhood association.
  • Civil defense in Israel
    Civil defense in Israel deals with a variety of military and terrorist threats to the civilian population, which have included concealed bombs such as suicide bombings and car bombs, projectiles such as missiles, rockets and mortars, and hijacking of aircraft, buses and buildings.
  • Bomb threat
    A bomb threat is generally defined as a threat, usually verbal or written, to detonate an explosive or incendiary device to cause property damage, death, or injuries, whether or not such a device actually exists.
  • Emergency Public Warning System
    The Emergency Public Warning System was a system used in the province of Alberta, Canada until October 2011, whereby local or provincial authorities could warn the public about impending or current emergencies affecting their area.