Chemical properties

2017-07-27T18:03:31+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Inert, Metastability, Amphiphile, Atomic mass, Atomic number, Crystal structure, Electron configuration, Oxidizing agent, Oxidation state, Solubility, Speed of sound, Valence (chemistry), Vapor, Pyrophoricity, Anhydrous, Molar concentration, Miscibility, Relative atomic mass flashcards Chemical properties
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  • Inert
    In English, to be inert is to be in a state of doing little or nothing.
  • Metastability
    Metastability denotes the phenomenon when a system spends an extended time in a configuration other than the system's state of least energy.
  • Amphiphile
    Amphiphile (from the Greek αμφις, amphis: both and φιλíα, philia: love, friendship) is a term describing a chemical compound possessing both hydrophilic (water-loving, polar) and lipophilic (fat-loving) properties.
  • Atomic mass
    The atomic mass (ma) is the mass of an atomic particle, sub-atomic particle, or molecule.
  • Atomic number
    (See also: List of elements by atomic number) In chemistry and physics, the atomic number of a chemical element (also known as its proton number) is the number of protons found in the nucleus of an atom of that element, and therefore identical to the charge number of the nucleus.
  • Crystal structure
    In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material.
  • Electron configuration
    In atomic physics and quantum chemistry, the electron configuration is the distribution of electrons of an atom or molecule (or other physical structure) in atomic or molecular orbitals.
  • Oxidizing agent
    In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances (cause them to lose electrons).
  • Oxidation state
    The oxidation state, often called the oxidation number, is an indicator of the degree of oxidation (loss of electrons) of an atom in a chemical compound.
  • Solubility
    Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent.
  • Speed of sound
    The speed of sound is the distance travelled per unit time by a sound wave as it propagates through an elastic medium.
  • Valence (chemistry)
    In chemistry, the valence or valency of an element is a measure of its combining power with other atoms when it forms chemical compounds or molecules.
  • Vapor
    In physics a vapor (American English spelling) or vapour (British) is a substance in the gas phase at a temperature lower than its critical temperature, which means that the vapor can be condensed to a liquid by increasing the pressure on it without reducing the temperature.
  • Pyrophoricity
    A pyrophoric substance (from Greek πυροφόρος, pyrophoros, "fire-bearing") ignites spontaneously in air at or below 55 °C (130 °F).
  • Anhydrous
    A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water, for example, salts lacking their water of crystallisation.
  • Molar concentration
    Molar concentration, also called molarity, amount concentration or substance concentration, is a measure of the concentration of a solute in a solution, or of any chemical species, in terms of amount of substance in a given volume.
  • Miscibility
    Miscibility /mɪsᵻˈbɪlᵻti/ is the property of substances to mix in all proportions (that is, to fully dissolve in each other at any concentration), forming a homogeneous solution.
  • Relative atomic mass
    Relative atomic mass (symbol: Ar) is a dimensionless physical quantity, the ratio of the average mass of atoms of an element (from a single given sample or source) to  1⁄12 of the mass of an atom of carbon-12 (known as the unified atomic mass unit).