Carotenoids

2017-07-27T21:43:09+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true 3'-Hydroxyechinenone, Zeaxanthin, Fucoxanthin, Violaxanthin, Lutein, Neoxanthin, Astaxanthin, Carotenoid, Carotene, Lycopene, Diadinoxanthin, Diatoxanthin, Dinoxanthin, Cryptoxanthin, Damascenone, Flavoxanthin, Rhodoxanthin, Beta-Carotene, Phytofluene, Damascone, Xanthoxin, Echinenone, Citranaxanthin, Prephytoene diphosphate, Tretinoin, Alpha-Carotene, Canthaxanthin, Mutatochrome, Isorenieratene, Crocetin, Carotenoid oxygenase, Staphyloxanthin, Beta-Zeacarotene, Rubixanthin, Meso-zeaxanthin, Peridinin, Torulene, Antheraxanthin, Phytoene, Delta-Carotene, Epsilon-Carotene, Gamma-Carotene, Neurosporene, Zeta-Carotene, Rhodopin flashcards Carotenoids
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  • 3'-Hydroxyechinenone
    3'-Hydroxyechinenone is a keto-carotenoid pigment found in cyanobacteria.
  • Zeaxanthin
    Zeaxanthin is one of the most common carotenoid alcohols found in nature.
  • Fucoxanthin
    Fucoxanthin is a xanthophyll, with formula C42H58O6.
  • Violaxanthin
    Violaxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with an orange color found in a variety of plants including pansies.
  • Lutein
    Lutein (/ˈluːtiː.ᵻn/ or /ˈluːtiːn/; from Latin luteus meaning "yellow") is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.
  • Neoxanthin
    Neoxanthin is a carotenoid and xanthophyll.
  • Astaxanthin
    Astaxanthin /æstəˈzænθᵻn/ is a keto-carotenoid.
  • Carotenoid
    Carotenoids, also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are found in the chloroplasts and chromoplasts of plants and some other photosynthetic organisms, including some bacteria and some fungi.
  • Carotene
    The term carotene (also carotin, from the Latin carota, "carrot") is used for many related unsaturated hydrocarbon substances having the formula C40Hx, which are synthesized by plants but in general cannot be made by animals (with the sole known exception of some aphids and spider mites which acquired the synthetic genes from fungi).
  • Lycopene
    Lycopene from the neo-Latin lycopersicum, the tomato species, is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, gac, and papayas, although not in strawberries, or cherries.
  • Diadinoxanthin
    Diadinoxanthin is a pigment found in a type of plankton.
  • Diatoxanthin
    Diatoxanthin is a type of xanthophyll found in phytoplankton and diatoms.
  • Dinoxanthin
    Dinoxanthin is a type of xanthophyll found in dinoflagellates.
  • Cryptoxanthin
    Cryptoxanthin is a natural carotenoid pigment.
  • Damascenone
    Damascenones are a series of closely related chemical compounds that are components of a variety of essential oils.
  • Flavoxanthin
    Flavoxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a golden-yellow color found in small quantities in a variety of plants.
  • Rhodoxanthin
    Rhodoxanthin is a xanthophyll pigment with a purple color that is found in small quantities in a variety of plants including Taxus baccata.
  • Beta-Carotene
    β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits.
  • Phytofluene
    Phytofluene is a carotenoid pigment with an orange color found naturally in tomatoes and other vegetables.
  • Damascone
    Damascones are a series of closely related chemical compounds that are components of a variety of essential oils.
  • Xanthoxin
    Xanthoxin is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of the plant hormone abscisic acid.
  • Echinenone
    Echinenone is a xanthophyll, with formula C40H54O.
  • Citranaxanthin
    Citranaxanthin is a carotenoid pigment used as a food additive under the E number E161i as a food coloring.
  • Prephytoene diphosphate
    Prephytoene diphosphate is a carotenoid precursor.
  • Tretinoin
    Tretinoin is the pharmaceutical form of retinoic acid.
  • Alpha-Carotene
    α-Carotene is a form of carotene with a β-ionone ring at one end and an α-ionone ring at the opposite end.
  • Canthaxanthin
    Canthaxanthin /ˌkænθəˈzænθɪn/ is a keto-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature.
  • Mutatochrome
    Mutatochrome (5,8-epoxy-β-carotene) is a carotenoid.
  • Isorenieratene
    Isorenieratene /ˌaɪsoʊrəˈnɪərətiːn/ is a carotenoid light harvesting pigment with the chemical formula C40H48.
  • Crocetin
    Crocetin is a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid that is found in the crocus flower and Gardenia jasminoides (fruits).
  • Carotenoid oxygenase
    Carotenoid oxygenases are a family of enzymes involved in the cleavage of carotenoids to produce, for example, retinol, commonly known as vitamin A.
  • Staphyloxanthin
    Staphyloxanthin is a carotenoid pigment that is produced by some strains of Staphylococcus aureus, and is responsible for the characteristic golden color that gives S.
  • Beta-Zeacarotene
    β-Zeacarotene is a carotenoid.
  • Rubixanthin
    Rubixanthin, or natural yellow 27, is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a red-orange color found in rose hips.
  • Meso-zeaxanthin
    Meso-zeaxanthin (3R,3´S-zeaxanthin, see Figure 1) is a xanthophyll carotenoid (as it contains oxygen and hydrocarbons), and is one of the three stereoisomers of zeaxanthin.
  • Peridinin
    Peridinin is a light-harvesting carotenoid, a pigment associated with chlorophyll and found in the peridinin-chlorophyll-protein (PCP) light-harvesting complex in dinoflagellates, best studied in Amphidinium carterae.
  • Torulene
    Torulene (3',4'-didehydro-β,γ-carotene) is a carotene (a hydrocarbon carotenoid) which is notable for being synthesized by red pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum), imparting the natural red color to the aphids, which aids in their camouflage and escape from predation.
  • Antheraxanthin
    Antheraxanthin (from ánthos, Greek for "flower" and xanthos, Greek for "yellow") is a bright yellow accessory pigment found in many organisms that perform photosynthesis.
  • Phytoene
    Phytoene (FY-toe-een) is a 40-carbon intermediate in the biosynthesis of carotenoids.
  • Delta-Carotene
    δ-Carotene or ε,ψ-carotene is a form of carotene with an ε-ring at one end, and the other uncyclized.
  • Epsilon-Carotene
    ε-Carotene is a carotene.
  • Gamma-Carotene
    γ-Carotene is a carotenoid, and is a biosynthetic intermediate for cyclized carotenoid synthesis in plants.
  • Neurosporene
    Neurosporene is a carotenoid pigment.
  • Zeta-Carotene
    ζ-Carotene (zeta-carotene) is a carotene.
  • Rhodopin
    Rhodopin (1,2-dihydro-ψ,ψ-caroten-1-ol) is a carotenoid.