Carotenoids

2017-07-29T17:25:35+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Carotene, Carotenoid, Lycopene, 3'-Hydroxyechinenone, Astaxanthin, Fucoxanthin, Zeaxanthin, Neoxanthin, Lutein, Diatoxanthin, Dinoxanthin, Diadinoxanthin, Violaxanthin, Echinenone, Carotenoid oxygenase, Rhodoxanthin, Canthaxanthin, Phytoene, Damascone, Isorenieratene, Epsilon-Carotene, Gamma-Carotene, Rubixanthin, Peridinin, Crocetin, Alpha-Carotene, Meso-zeaxanthin, Damascenone, Neurosporene, Beta-Zeacarotene, Rhodopin, Mutatochrome, Phytofluene, Zeta-Carotene, Cryptoxanthin, Antheraxanthin, Tretinoin, Beta-Carotene, Prephytoene diphosphate, Torulene, Delta-Carotene, Xanthoxin, Flavoxanthin flashcards Carotenoids
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  • Carotene
    The term carotene (also carotin, from the Latin carota, "carrot") is used for many related unsaturated hydrocarbon substances having the formula C40Hx, which are synthesized by plants but in general cannot be made by animals (with the sole known exception of some aphids and spider mites which acquired the synthetic genes from fungi).
  • Carotenoid
    Carotenoids, also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are found in the chloroplasts and chromoplasts of plants and some other photosynthetic organisms, including some bacteria and some fungi.
  • Lycopene
    Lycopene from the neo-Latin lycopersicum, the tomato species, is a bright red carotene and carotenoid pigment and phytochemical found in tomatoes and other red fruits and vegetables, such as red carrots, watermelons, gac, and papayas, although not in strawberries, or cherries.
  • 3'-Hydroxyechinenone
    3'-Hydroxyechinenone is a keto-carotenoid pigment found in cyanobacteria.
  • Astaxanthin
    Astaxanthin /æstəˈzænθᵻn/ is a keto-carotenoid.
  • Fucoxanthin
    Fucoxanthin is a xanthophyll, with formula C42H58O6.
  • Zeaxanthin
    Zeaxanthin is one of the most common carotenoid alcohols found in nature.
  • Neoxanthin
    Neoxanthin is a carotenoid and xanthophyll.
  • Lutein
    Lutein (/ˈluːtiː.ᵻn/ or /ˈluːtiːn/; from Latin luteus meaning "yellow") is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.
  • Diatoxanthin
    Diatoxanthin is a type of xanthophyll found in phytoplankton and diatoms.
  • Dinoxanthin
    Dinoxanthin is a type of xanthophyll found in dinoflagellates.
  • Diadinoxanthin
    Diadinoxanthin is a pigment found in a type of plankton.
  • Violaxanthin
    Violaxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with an orange color found in a variety of plants including pansies.
  • Echinenone
    Echinenone is a xanthophyll, with formula C40H54O.
  • Carotenoid oxygenase
    Carotenoid oxygenases are a family of enzymes involved in the cleavage of carotenoids to produce, for example, retinol, commonly known as vitamin A.
  • Rhodoxanthin
    Rhodoxanthin is a xanthophyll pigment with a purple color that is found in small quantities in a variety of plants including Taxus baccata.
  • Canthaxanthin
    Canthaxanthin /ˌkænθəˈzænθɪn/ is a keto-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature.
  • Phytoene
    Phytoene (FY-toe-een) is a 40-carbon intermediate in the biosynthesis of carotenoids.
  • Damascone
    Damascones are a series of closely related chemical compounds that are components of a variety of essential oils.
  • Isorenieratene
    Isorenieratene /ˌaɪsoʊrəˈnɪərətiːn/ is a carotenoid light harvesting pigment with the chemical formula C40H48.
  • Epsilon-Carotene
    ε-Carotene is a carotene.
  • Gamma-Carotene
    γ-Carotene is a carotenoid, and is a biosynthetic intermediate for cyclized carotenoid synthesis in plants.
  • Rubixanthin
    Rubixanthin, or natural yellow 27, is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a red-orange color found in rose hips.
  • Peridinin
    Peridinin is a light-harvesting carotenoid, a pigment associated with chlorophyll and found in the peridinin-chlorophyll-protein (PCP) light-harvesting complex in dinoflagellates, best studied in Amphidinium carterae.
  • Crocetin
    Crocetin is a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid that is found in the crocus flower and Gardenia jasminoides (fruits).
  • Alpha-Carotene
    α-Carotene is a form of carotene with a β-ionone ring at one end and an α-ionone ring at the opposite end.
  • Meso-zeaxanthin
    Meso-zeaxanthin (3R,3´S-zeaxanthin, see Figure 1) is a xanthophyll carotenoid (as it contains oxygen and hydrocarbons), and is one of the three stereoisomers of zeaxanthin.
  • Damascenone
    Damascenones are a series of closely related chemical compounds that are components of a variety of essential oils.
  • Neurosporene
    Neurosporene is a carotenoid pigment.
  • Beta-Zeacarotene
    β-Zeacarotene is a carotenoid.
  • Rhodopin
    Rhodopin (1,2-dihydro-ψ,ψ-caroten-1-ol) is a carotenoid.
  • Mutatochrome
    Mutatochrome (5,8-epoxy-β-carotene) is a carotenoid.
  • Phytofluene
    Phytofluene is a carotenoid pigment with an orange color found naturally in tomatoes and other vegetables.
  • Zeta-Carotene
    ζ-Carotene (zeta-carotene) is a carotene.
  • Cryptoxanthin
    Cryptoxanthin is a natural carotenoid pigment.
  • Antheraxanthin
    Antheraxanthin (from ánthos, Greek for "flower" and xanthos, Greek for "yellow") is a bright yellow accessory pigment found in many organisms that perform photosynthesis.
  • Tretinoin
    Tretinoin is the pharmaceutical form of retinoic acid.
  • Beta-Carotene
    β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits.
  • Prephytoene diphosphate
    Prephytoene diphosphate is a carotenoid precursor.
  • Torulene
    Torulene (3',4'-didehydro-β,γ-carotene) is a carotene (a hydrocarbon carotenoid) which is notable for being synthesized by red pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum), imparting the natural red color to the aphids, which aids in their camouflage and escape from predation.
  • Delta-Carotene
    δ-Carotene or ε,ψ-carotene is a form of carotene with an ε-ring at one end, and the other uncyclized.
  • Xanthoxin
    Xanthoxin is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of the plant hormone abscisic acid.
  • Flavoxanthin
    Flavoxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a golden-yellow color found in small quantities in a variety of plants.