Cardiology

2017-07-28T20:42:49+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Dressler syndrome, Perfusion, Metabolic syndrome, Heart valve, Prinzmetal's angina, Short QT syndrome, Heart failure, Alcoholic cardiomyopathy, Coronary circulation, Carney complex, Cardiology, Chronotropic, Pulmonary valve, Angina pectoris, Radiofrequency ablation, Myocarditis, Athletic heart syndrome, Cardiopulmonary bypass, Selenium deficiency, Stent, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Hypertensive emergency, Pierre Robin syndrome, White coat hypertension, Acute coronary syndrome, Hypotension, Adams–Stokes syndrome, Janeway lesion, Echocardiography, Pulmonary embolism, Cleveland Clinic, Orthostatic hypotension, Electrical conduction system of the heart, Cardiac arrest, Unstable angina, Gestational hypertension, Infective endocarditis, Artificial cardiac pacemaker, Cardiac tamponade, Sinoatrial node, Dextrocardia, Mitral valve prolapse, Endocarditis, Cerebral circulation, Pulmonary hypertension, Pulmonary heart disease, Pericarditis, Aortic valve, Aortic insufficiency, Twiddler's syndrome, Wayne Griffin, SynCardia Systems, Myocardial infarction, Hurst's the Heart, Montreal Heart Institute, European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Fourth heart sound, Gallop rhythm, European Society of Cardiology, Pulse, Charles Antzelevitch, Vasovagal response, Myocardial rupture, Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiology, Third heart sound, Heart sounds, Corindus Vascular Robotics, Fossa ovalis (heart), Earl Wood, Abiomed, Cor triatriatum flashcards Cardiology
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  • Dressler syndrome
    Dressler syndrome is a secondary form of pericarditis that occurs in the setting of injury to the heart or the pericardium (the outer lining of the heart).
  • Perfusion
    In physiology, perfusion is the process of a body delivering blood to a capillary bed in its biological tissue.
  • Metabolic syndrome
    Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by , is a clustering of at least three of the five (unfold into nine combination) following medical conditions: * abdominal (central) obesity (cf. TOFI) * elevated blood pressure * elevated fasting plasma glucose * high serum triglycerides * low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels Metabolic syndrome is associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
  • Heart valve
    A heart valve normally allows blood to flow in only one direction through the heart.
  • Prinzmetal's angina
    Prinzmetal's or Prinzmetal angina (/ˈprɪntsmɛtəl/, sounds like "prints metal") (also known as variant angina, angina inversa, or coronary vessel spasm) is a syndrome typically consisting of angina (cardiac chest pain) at rest that occurs in cycles.
  • Short QT syndrome
    Short QT syndrome is a genetic disease of the electrical system of the heart.
  • Heart failure
    Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
  • Alcoholic cardiomyopathy
    Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a disease in which the chronic long-term abuse of alcohol (i.e., ethanol) leads to heart failure.
  • Coronary circulation
    Coronary circulation is the circulation of blood in the blood vessels of the heart muscle myocardium known as coronary arteries.
  • Carney complex
    Carney complex and its subsets LAMB syndrome and NAME syndrome are autosomal dominant conditions comprising myxomas of the heart and skin, hyperpigmentation of the skin (lentiginosis), and endocrine overactivity.
  • Cardiology
    Cardiology (from Greek καρδίᾱ kardiā, "heart" and -λογία -logia, "study") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system.
  • Chronotropic
    Chronotropic effects (from chrono-, meaning time, and tropos, "a turn") are those that change the heart rate.
  • Pulmonary valve
    The pulmonary valve (sometimes referred to as the pulmonic valve) is the semilunar valve of the heart that lies between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery and has three cusps.
  • Angina pectoris
    Angina pectoris, commonly known as angina, is the sensation of chest pain, pressure, or squeezing, often due to ischemia of the heart muscle from obstruction or spasm of the coronary arteries.
  • Radiofrequency ablation
    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a medical procedure in which part of the electrical conduction system of the heart, tumor or other dysfunctional tissue is ablated using the heat generated from medium frequency alternating current (in the range of 350–500 kHz).
  • Myocarditis
    Myocarditis, also known as inflammatory cardiomyopathy, is inflammation of the heart muscle.
  • Athletic heart syndrome
    Athletic heart syndrome, (AHS) also known as athlete's heart, athletic bradycardia, or exercise-induced cardiomegaly is a nonpathological condition commonly seen in sports medicine, in which the human heart is enlarged, and the resting heart rate is lower than normal.
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
    Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is a technique that temporarily takes over the function of the heart and lungs during surgery, maintaining the circulation of blood and the oxygen content of the patient's body.
  • Selenium deficiency
    Selenium deficiency is relatively rare in healthy well-nourished individuals.
  • Stent
    In medicine, a stent is a metal or plastic tube inserted into the lumen of an anatomic vessel or duct to keep the passageway open, and stenting is the placement of a stent.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease in which a portion of the myocardium (heart muscle) is enlarged without any obvious cause, creating functional impairment of the heart.
  • Hypertensive emergency
    A hypertensive emergency (Systolic over 180 or diastolic over 120)(formerly called "malignant hypertension") is hypertension (high blood pressure) with acute impairment of one or more organ systems (especially the central nervous system, cardiovascular system and/or the renal system) that can result in irreversible organ damage.
  • Pierre Robin syndrome
    Pierre Robin syndrome (abbreviated to PRS, and also known as Pierre Robin sequence, Pierre Robin malformation, Pierre Robin anomaly or Pierre Robin anomalad) is a congenital condition of facial abnormalities in humans.
  • White coat hypertension
    White coat hypertension, more commonly known as white coat syndrome, is a phenomenon in which patients exhibit a blood pressure level above the normal range, in a clinical setting, though they don't exhibit it in other settings.
  • Acute coronary syndrome
    Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a syndrome (set of signs and symptoms) due to decreased blood flow in the coronary arteries such that part of the heart muscle is unable to function properly or dies.
  • Hypotension
    Hypotension is low blood pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.
  • Adams–Stokes syndrome
    Stokes–Adams syndrome (alternative eponyms include Adams–Stokes syndrome, Gerbezius-Morgagni-Adams–Stokes syndrome and Gerbec-Morgagni-Adams–Stokes syndrome) is a periodic fainting spell in which there is a periodic onset and offset of blockage of heart due to disorder of heart rhythm that may last for seconds, hours, days, or even weeks before the conduction returns.
  • Janeway lesion
    Janeway lesions are non-tender, small erythematous or haemorrhagic macular or nodular lesions on the palms or soles only a few millimeters in diameter that are indicative of infective endocarditis.
  • Echocardiography
    An echocardiogram, often referred to as a cardiac echo or simply an echo, is a sonogram of the heart.
  • Pulmonary embolism
    Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has traveled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).
  • Cleveland Clinic
    The Cleveland Clinic is a multispecialty academic hospital located in Cleveland, Ohio that is owned and operated by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, an Ohio nonprofit corporation established in 1921.
  • Orthostatic hypotension
    Orthostatic hypotension, also known as postural hypotension or shortened to orthostasis and colloquially called head rush, occurs when a person's blood pressure falls when suddenly standing up from a lying or sitting position.
  • Electrical conduction system of the heart
    The normal electrical conduction in the heart allows the impulse that is generated by the sinoatrial node (SA node) of the heart to be propagated to, and stimulate, the cardiac muscle (myocardium).
  • Cardiac arrest
    Cardiac arrest is a sudden stop in effective blood flow due to the failure of the heart to contract effectively.
  • Unstable angina
    Unstable angina (UA) is a type of angina pectoris that is irregular.
  • Gestational hypertension
    Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is the development of new hypertension in a pregnant woman after 20 weeks gestation without the presence of protein in the urine or other signs of preeclampsia.
  • Infective endocarditis
    Infective endocarditis is a form of endocarditis.
  • Artificial cardiac pacemaker
    A pacemaker (or artificial pacemaker, so as not to be confused with the heart's natural pacemaker) is a medical device which uses electrical impulses, delivered by electrodes contracting the heart muscles, to regulate the beating of the heart.
  • Cardiac tamponade
    Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade, is when fluid in the pericardium (the sac around the heart) builds up and results in compression of the heart.
  • Sinoatrial node
    The sinoatrial node (often abbreviated SA node; also commonly called the sinus node and less commonly the sinuatrial node) is the normal natural pacemaker of the heart and is responsible for the initiation of the cardiac cycle (heartbeat).
  • Dextrocardia
    Dextrocardia (from Latin dexter, meaning "right," and Greek kardia, meaning "heart") is a rare congenital defect in which the apex of the heart is located on the right side of the body.
  • Mitral valve prolapse
    Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) (a.k.a. floppy mitral valve syndrome, systolic click murmur syndrome or billowing mitral leaflet) is a valvular heart disease characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during systole.
  • Endocarditis
    Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium.
  • Cerebral circulation
    Cerebral circulation is the movement of blood through the network of blood vessels supplying the brain.
  • Pulmonary hypertension
    Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is an increase of blood pressure in the pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, or pulmonary capillaries, together known as the lung vasculature, leading to shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, leg swelling and other symptoms.
  • Pulmonary heart disease
    Pulmonary heart disease, also known as cor pulmonale is the enlargement and failure of the right ventricle of the heart as a response to increased vascular resistance (such as from pulmonic stenosis) or high blood pressure in the lungs
  • Pericarditis
    Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium (the fibrous sac surrounding the heart).
  • Aortic valve
    The aortic valve is a valve in the human heart between the left ventricle and the aorta.
  • Aortic insufficiency
    Aortic insufficiency (AI), also known as aortic regurgitation (AR), is the leaking of the aortic valve of the heart that causes blood to flow in the reverse direction during ventricular diastole, from the aorta into the left ventricle.
  • Twiddler's syndrome
    Twiddler's Syndrome is a malfunction of a pacemaker due to manipulation of the device and the subsequent dislodging of the leads from their intended location.
  • Wayne Griffin
    Wayne Robert Griffin (born 1975) is the second person in Australia to be implanted with the SynCardia Total artificial heart.
  • SynCardia Systems
    SynCardia Systems, Inc, is a Tucson, Arizona based company formed in 2001 to commercialize their Total Artificial Heart Device.
  • Myocardial infarction
    Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle.
  • Hurst's the Heart
    Hurst's The Heart is a medical textbook published by McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Montreal Heart Institute
    The Montreal Heart Institute (French: Institut de Cardiologie de Montréal), in Montreal, Quebec, is a specialty hospital dedicated to the development of cardiology.
  • European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
    The European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) is a learned society devoted to the practice of cardiothoracic surgery.
  • Fourth heart sound
    The fourth heart sound or S4 is a rare extra heart sound that occurs immediately before the normal two "lub-dub" heart sounds (S1 and S2).
  • Gallop rhythm
    A gallop rhythm refers to a (usually abnormal) rhythm of the heart on auscultation.
  • European Society of Cardiology
    The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) is a non-profit knowledge-based professional association that facilitates the improvement and harmonization of standards of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Pulse
    "Heart rate and pulse are the same" -In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
  • Charles Antzelevitch
    Charles Antzelevitch, PhD, is an American cardiovascular research scientist internationally known for his work in cardiac electrophysiology and arrhythmia syndromes.
  • Vasovagal response
    A vagal episode or vasovagal response or vasovagal attack (also called neurocardiogenic syncope) is a malaise mediated by the vagus nerve.
  • Myocardial rupture
    Myocardial rupture is a laceration or tearing of the wall of the ventricles or atria of the heart, of the interatrial or interventricular septum, or of the papillary muscles.
  • Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiology
    Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiology is a trade magazine catering to cardiologists and cath labs.
  • Third heart sound
    The third heart sound or S3 is a rare extra heart sound that occurs soon after the normal two "lub-dub" heart sounds (S1 and S2).
  • Heart sounds
    Heart sounds are the noises generated by the beating heart and the resultant flow of blood through it.
  • Corindus Vascular Robotics
    Corindus Vascular Robotics (Corindus, Inc.) was founded in 2002 by Rafael Beyar, an interventional cardiologist and Tal Wenderow.
  • Fossa ovalis (heart)
    The fossa ovalis is a depression in the right atrium of the heart, at the level of the interatrial septum, the wall between right and left atrium.
  • Earl Wood
    Earl H. (Howard) Wood (c. January 1, 1912 – March 18, 2009) was a cardiopulmonary physiologist who helped invent the G-suit and much more.
  • Abiomed
    Abiomed (NASDAQ: ABMD) is a manufacturer of medical implant devices, including the AbioCor artificial heart and Impella.
  • Cor triatriatum
    Cor triatriatum (or triatrial heart) is a congenital heart defect where the left atrium (cor triatriatum sinistrum) or right atrium (cor triatriatum dextrum) is subdivided by a thin membrane, resulting in three atrial chambers (hence the name).