2017-07-27T18:53:01+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Amylopectin, Trehalose, Carbohydrate, Gluconeogenesis, Glycolysis, Amino sugar, Pyranose, Lactulose, Methanediol, Glycemic load, Isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside, Glycan, Glycogen synthase, Sugars in wine flashcards


  • Amylopectin
    Amylopectin /ˌæmᵻloʊˈpɛktᵻn/ is a soluble polysaccharide and highly branched polymer of glucose found in plants.
  • Trehalose
    Trehalose, also known as mycose or tremalose, is a natural alpha-linked disaccharide formed by an α,α-1,1-glucoside bond between two α-glucose units.
  • Carbohydrate
    A carbohydrate is a biological molecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n (where m could be different from n).
  • Gluconeogenesis
    Gluconeogenesis (GNG) is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates.
  • Glycolysis
    Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.
  • Amino sugar
    In chemistry, an amino sugar (or more technically a 2-amino-2-deoxysugar) is a sugar molecule in which a hydroxyl group has been replaced with an amine group.
  • Pyranose
    Pyranose is a collective term for carbohydrates that have a chemical structure that includes a six-membered ring consisting of five carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.
  • Lactulose
    Lactulose is a non-absorbable sugar used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy.
  • Methanediol
    Methanediol, also known as formaldehyde monohydrate or methylene glycol, is an organic compound with chemical formula CH2(OH)2.
  • Glycemic load
    The glycemic load (GL) of food is a number that estimates how much the food will raise a person's blood glucose level after eating it.
  • Isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside
    Isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) is a molecular biology reagent.
  • Glycan
    The terms glycan and polysaccharide are defined by IUPAC as synonyms meaning "compounds consisting of a large number of monosaccharides linked glycosidically".
  • Glycogen synthase
    Glycogen synthase (UDP-glucose-glycogen glucosyltransferase) is an enzyme involved in converting glucose to glycogen.
  • Sugars in wine
    Sugars in wine are at the heart of what makes winemaking possible.