2017-08-01T18:08:00+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Breast milk, Colostrum, Breastfeeding difficulties, Lactation failure, Prolactin, Oxytocin, Lactation, Breast engorgement, Milk kinship, History and culture of breastfeeding, Breastfeeding promotion flashcards


  • Breast milk
    Breast milk is the milk produced by the breasts (or mammary glands) of a human female for her baby.
  • Colostrum
    Colostrum (known colloquially as beestings, bisnings or first milk) is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands of mammals (including humans) in late pregnancy.
  • Breastfeeding difficulties
    Breastfeeding difficulties refers to problems that arise from breastfeeding, the feeding of an infant or young child with milk from a woman's breasts.
  • Lactation failure
    Lactation failure or deficiency, also known as agalactia or agalactorrhea, as well as hypogalactia or hypogalactorrhea, is a medical condition in which lactation is insufficient or fails completely due to an inadequacy of breast milk production and/or a failure of the milk let-down reflex in response to suckling following childbirth, resulting in an inability to properly breastfeed.
  • Prolactin
    Prolactin (PRL), also known as luteotropic hormone or luteotropin, is a protein that in humans is best known for its role in enabling mammals, usually females, to produce milk.
  • Oxytocin
    Oxytocin (Oxt) is a hormone, neuropeptide, and medication.
  • Lactation
    Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.
  • Breast engorgement
    Breast engorgement occurs in the mammary glands due to expansion and pressure exerted by the synthesis and storage of breast milk.
  • Milk kinship
    Milk kinship, formed during nursing by a non-biological mother, was a form of fostering allegiance with fellow community members.
  • History and culture of breastfeeding
    Breastfeeding is the act of feeding a child breast milk directly from breast to mouth.
  • Breastfeeding promotion
    Breastfeeding promotion refers to coordinated activities and policies to promote health among women, newborns and infants through breastfeeding.