Brain disorders

2017-07-29T04:20:12+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Hepatic encephalopathy, Abnormal posturing, Alzheimer's disease, Norman–Roberts syndrome, Intracerebral hemorrhage, Rasmussen's encephalitis, Hashimoto's encephalopathy, Brain abscess, Fahr's syndrome, Lissencephaly, Prosopagnosia, VLDLR-associated cerebellar hypoplasia, Encephalopathy, Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Fatal familial insomnia, Anencephaly, Gomez and López-Hernández syndrome, COACH Syndrome, Basal ganglia disease, Cerebellopontine angle syndrome, Aqueductal stenosis, Ethylmalonic encephalopathy, Normal pressure hydrocephalus, Meningioangiomatosis, Sports-related traumatic brain injury, La Crosse encephalitis, Acquired brain injury, Acute cerebellar ataxia of childhood, Hypertensive leukoencephalopathy, Cerebral amyloid angiopathy, Olivopontocerebellar atrophy, Cerebral softening, Cerebral hypoxia, Medial medullary syndrome, Cortical blindness flashcards Brain disorders
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  • Hepatic encephalopathy
    Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is the occurrence of confusion, altered level of consciousness, and coma as a result of liver failure.
  • Abnormal posturing
    Abnormal posturing is an involuntary flexion or extension of the arms and legs, indicating severe brain injury.
  • Alzheimer's disease
    Alzheimer's disease (AD), also known as just Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gets worse over time.
  • Norman–Roberts syndrome
    Lissencephaly 2, more commonly called Norman–Roberts syndrome, is a rare form of lissencephaly caused by a mutation in the reelin gene.
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
    Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), also known as cerebral bleed, is a type of intracranial bleed that occurs within the brain tissue or ventricles.
  • Rasmussen's encephalitis
    Rasmussen's encephalitis, also known as chronic focal encephalitis (CFE), is a rare inflammatory neurological disease, characterized by frequent and severe seizures, loss of motor skills and speech, hemiparesis (paralysis on one side of the body), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and dementia.
  • Hashimoto's encephalopathy
    Hashimoto's encephalopathy, also known as steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), is a neourological condition characterized by encephalopathy, thyroid autoimmunity, and good clinical response to steroids.
  • Brain abscess
    Brain abscess (or cerebral abscess) is an abscess caused by inflammation and collection of infected material, coming from local (ear infection, dental abscess, infection of paranasal sinuses, infection of the mastoid air cells of the temporal bone, epidural abscess) or remote (lung, heart, kidney etc.) infectious sources, within the brain tissue.
  • Fahr's syndrome
    Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification, also known as Fahr disease, is a rare, genetically dominant, inherited neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in areas of the brain that control movement.
  • Lissencephaly
    Lissencephaly, which literally means smooth brain, is a rare brain formation disorder caused by defective neuronal migration during the 12th to 24th weeks of gestation resulting in a lack of development of brain folds (gyri) and grooves (sulci).
  • Prosopagnosia
    Prosopagnosia /ˌprɑːsəpæɡˈnoʊʒə/ (Greek: "prosopon" = "face", "agnosia" = "not knowing"), also called face blindness, is a cognitive disorder of face perception where the ability to recognize familiar faces, including one's own face (self-recognition), is impaired, while other aspects of visual processing (e.g., object discrimination) and intellectual functioning (e.g., decision making) remain intact.
  • VLDLR-associated cerebellar hypoplasia
    VLDLR-associated cerebellar hypoplasia (VLDLRCH; alternative names: dysequilibrium syndrome, DES; nonprogressive cerebellar disorder with mental retardation) is a rare autosomal recessive condition caused by a disruption of the VLDLR gene.
  • Encephalopathy
    Encephalopathy /ɛnˌsɛfəˈlɒpəθi/ means disorder or disease of the brain.
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare and usually fatal viral disease characterized by progressive damage (-pathy) or inflammation of the white matter (leuko-) of the brain (-encephalo-) at multiple locations (multifocal).
  • Fatal familial insomnia
    Fatal familial insomnia (FFI) is an extremely rare autosomal dominant inherited prion disease of the brain.
  • Anencephaly
    Anencephaly is the absence of a major portion of the brain, skull, and scalp that occurs during embryonic development.
  • Gomez and López-Hernández syndrome
    Gomez-Lopez-Hernandez Syndrome (GLH) or cerebellotrigeminal-dermal dysplasia is a rare neurocutaneous(Phakomatosis) disorder affecting the trigeminal nerve and causing several other neural and physical abnormalities.
  • COACH Syndrome
    COACH syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, Oligophrenia (developmental delay/mental retardation), Ataxia, Coloboma, and Hepatic fibrosis.
  • Basal ganglia disease
    Basal ganglia disease refers to a group of physical dysfunctions that occur when the group of nuclei in the brain known as the basal ganglia fail to properly suppress unwanted movements or to properly prime upper motor neuron circuits to initiate motor function.
  • Cerebellopontine angle syndrome
    The cerebellopontine angle is the anatomic space between the cerebellum and the pons filled with cerebrospinal fluid.
  • Aqueductal stenosis
    Aqueductal stenosis is a narrowing of the aqueduct of Sylvius which blocks the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricular system.
  • Ethylmalonic encephalopathy
    Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE) is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism.
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus
    Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), also termed symptomatic hydrocephalus, is a type of brain malfunction caused by expansion of the lateral cerebral ventricles and distortion of the fibers in the corona radiata.
  • Meningioangiomatosis
    Meningioangiomatosis is a rare disease of the brain.
  • Sports-related traumatic brain injury
    A sports-related traumatic brain injury is relatively uncommon, yet it is a serious accident which may lead to significant morbidity or mortality.
  • La Crosse encephalitis
    La Crosse encephalitis is an encephalitis caused by an arbovirus (the La Crosse virus) which has a mosquito vector (Ochlerotatus triseriatus synonym Aedes triseriatus).
  • Acquired brain injury
    Acquired brain injury (ABI) is brain damage caused by events after birth, rather than as part of a genetic or congenital disorder such as fetal alcohol syndrome, perinatal illness or perinatal hypoxia.
  • Acute cerebellar ataxia of childhood
    Acute cerebellar ataxia of childhood is a childhood condition characterized by an unsteady gait, most likely secondary to an autoimmune of postinfectious cause, drug induced or paraneoplastic.
  • Hypertensive leukoencephalopathy
    Hypertensive leukoencephalopathy refers to a degeneration of the white matter of the brain following a sudden increase in blood pressure.
  • Cerebral amyloid angiopathy
    Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), also known as congophilic angiopathy, is a form of angiopathy in which amyloid deposits form in the walls of the blood vessels of the central nervous system.
  • Olivopontocerebellar atrophy
    Olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) is the degeneration of neurons in specific areas of the brain – the cerebellum, pons, and inferior olives.
  • Cerebral softening
    In medicine, cerebral softening (encephalomalacia) is a localized softening of the brain substance, due to hemorrhage or inflammation.
  • Cerebral hypoxia
    Cerebral hypoxia is a form of hypoxia (reduced supply of oxygen), specifically involving the brain; when the brain is completely deprived of oxygen, it is called cerebral anoxia.
  • Medial medullary syndrome
    Medial medullary syndrome, also known as inferior alternating syndrome, hypoglossal alternating hemiplegia, lower alternating hemiplegia, or Dejerine syndrome, is a type of alternating hemiplegia characterized by a set of clinical features resulting from occlusion of the anterior spinal artery.
  • Cortical blindness
    Cortical blindness is the total or partial loss of vision in a normal-appearing eye caused by damage to the brain's occipital cortex.