2017-07-29T23:07:40+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Cataract, Coats' disease, Moon type, Guide dog, Bitemporal hemianopsia, Diabetic retinopathy, Trachoma, Vitamin A deficiency, Retinopathy of prematurity, Homonymous hemianopsia, Binasal hemianopsia, Glaucoma, Hemianopsia, Healing the blind near Jericho, Nyctalopia, Vitelliform macular dystrophy, Retinitis pigmentosa, Childhood blindness, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Norrie disease, Frank Haven Hall, Optic nerve hypoplasia, Prevention of Blindness Trust, John Dennison Russ, Sound of Colors (book), The Country of the Blind, Photokeratitis, Johann Wilhelm Klein, Tactile paving, Cortical blindness, Braille music, Buphthalmos, Lilli Nielsen, Congenital cataract, Arnall Patz flashcards Blindness
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  • Cataract
    A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye leading to a decrease in vision.
  • Coats' disease
    Coats’ disease, (also known as exudative retinitis or retinal telangiectasis, sometimes spelled Coates' disease), is a rare congenital, nonhereditary eye disorder, causing full or partial blindness, characterized by abnormal development of blood vessels behind the retina.
  • Moon type
    The Moon System of Embossed Reading (commonly known as the Moon writing, Moon alphabet, Moon script, Moon type, or Moon code) is a writing system for the blind, using embossed symbols mostly derived from the Latin script (but simplified).
  • Guide dog
    Guide dogs, (also known as service animals or assistance animals), are assistance dogs trained to lead blind and visually impaired people around obstacles.
  • Bitemporal hemianopsia
    Bitemporal hemianopsia (aka bitemporal heteronymous hemianopsia or bitemporal hemianopia) is the medical description of a type of partial blindness where vision is missing in the outer half of both the right and left visual field.
  • Diabetic retinopathy
    Diabetic retinopathy ([ˌrɛtnˈɑpəθi]), also known as diabetic eye disease, is when damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes.
  • Trachoma
    Trachoma, also called granular conjunctivitis, Egyptian ophthalmia, and blinding trachoma, is an infectious disease caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Vitamin A deficiency
    Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) or hypovitaminosis A is a lack of vitamin A in blood and tissues.
  • Retinopathy of prematurity
    Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) or Terry syndrome, previously known as retrolental fibroplasia (RLF), is a disease of the eye affecting prematurely-born babies generally having received intensive neonatal care, in which oxygen therapy is used on them due to the premature development of their lungs.
  • Homonymous hemianopsia
    Mobility can be difficult for people with homonymous hemianopsia.
  • Binasal hemianopsia
    Binasal hemianopsia (or Binasal hemianopia) is the medical description of a type of partial blindness where vision is missing in the inner half of both the right and left visual field.
  • Glaucoma
    Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.
  • Hemianopsia
    Hemianopsia, or hemianopia, is a decreased vision or blindness (anopsia) in half the visual field, usually on one side of the vertical midline.
  • Healing the blind near Jericho
    Each of the three Synoptic Gospels tells of Jesus healing the blind near Jericho, as he passed through that town, shortly before his passion.
  • Nyctalopia
    Nyctalopia /ˌnɪktəlˈoʊpiə/ (from Greek νύκτ-, nykt- "night"; ἀλαός, alaos "blind, not seeing", and ὄψ, ops "eye"), also called night-blindness, is a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in relatively low light.
  • Vitelliform macular dystrophy
    Vitelliform macular dystrophy or vitelliform dystrophy is an irregular autosomal dominant eye disorder which can cause progressive vision loss.
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
    Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited, degenerative eye disease that causes severe vision impairment due to the progressive degeneration of the rod photoreceptor cells in the retina.
  • Childhood blindness
    Childhood blindness is an important cause contributing to the burden of blindness.
  • Guiding Eyes for the Blind
    Guiding Eyes for the Blind is one of eleven accredited schools in the U.
  • Norrie disease
    Norrie disease is a genetic disorder that primarily affects the eye and almost always leads to blindness.
  • Frank Haven Hall
    Early in his engineering career, Hall focused on experimental typefaces, typesetting, type design, and display configurations with ink on paper and metal placings.
  • Optic nerve hypoplasia
    Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) is a medical condition arising from the underdevelopment of the optic nerve(s).
  • Prevention of Blindness Trust
    Prevention of Blindness Trust, also known as the POB Trust and POB, is a project of Pakistan Islamic Medical Association.
  • John Dennison Russ
    John Dennison Russ (September 1, 1801 – March 1, 1881) was an American physician and co-founder of the New York Institute for the Blind and Children's Village with 23 others.
  • Sound of Colors (book)
    Sound of Colors is a 2001 Taiwanese children's picture book written and illustrated by Jimmy Liao.
  • The Country of the Blind
    "The Country of the Blind" is a short story written by H.
  • Photokeratitis
    Photokeratitis or ultraviolet keratitis is a painful eye condition caused by exposure of insufficiently protected eyes to the ultraviolet (UV) rays from either natural (e.g. intense sunlight) or artificial (e.g. the electric arc during welding) sources.
  • Johann Wilhelm Klein
    Johann Wilhelm Klein (11 April 1765, Alerheim at Nördlingen - 12 May 1848, Vienna) was a pioneer of education for blind people.
  • Tactile paving
    Tactile paving (also called truncated domes, detectable warnings, Tactile Ground Surface Indicators, detectable warning surfaces) is a system of textured ground surface indicator found on footpaths, stairs and train station platforms to assist pedestrians who are blind or visually impaired.
  • Cortical blindness
    Cortical blindness is the total or partial loss of vision in a normal-appearing eye caused by damage to the brain's occipital cortex.
  • Braille music
    Braille music is a Braille code that allows music to be notated using Braille cells so that music can be read by visually impaired musicians.
  • Buphthalmos
    Buphthalmos (plural: buphthalmoses) is enlargement of the eyeball and is most commonly seen in infants and young children.
  • Lilli Nielsen
    Dr. Lilli Nielsen (née Reker) (b. December 21, 1926, Rønne, Bornholm; † June 24, 2013, Kolding, Denmark) was a Danish psychologist in the field of teaching blind children and those with multiple disabilities.
  • Congenital cataract
    The term congenital cataract refers to a lens opacity present at birth.
  • Arnall Patz
    Arnall Patz (June 14, 1920 – March 11, 2010) was an American medical doctor and research professor at Johns Hopkins University.